Louis XIV (Louis Dieudonné; 5 September 1638 – 1 September 1715), known as Louis the Great (Louis le Grand) or the Sun King (le Roi Soleil), was King of France from 14 May 1643 until his death in 1715. His reign of 72 years and 110 days is the longest recorded of any monarch of a sovereign country in European history. Louis XIV's France was emblematic of the age of absolutism in Europe.

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dbo:abstract
  • Louis XIV (Louis Dieudonné; 5 September 1638 – 1 September 1715), known as Louis the Great (Louis le Grand) or the Sun King (le Roi Soleil), was King of France from 14 May 1643 until his death in 1715. His reign of 72 years and 110 days is the longest recorded of any monarch of a sovereign country in European history. Louis XIV's France was emblematic of the age of absolutism in Europe. Louis began his personal rule of France in 1661, after the death of his chief minister, the Italian Cardinal Mazarin. An adherent of the concept of the divine right of kings, Louis continued his predecessors' work of creating a centralised state governed from the capital. He sought to eliminate the remnants of feudalism persisting in parts of France and, by compelling many members of the nobility to inhabit his lavish Palace of Versailles, succeeded in pacifying the aristocracy, many members of which had participated in the Fronde rebellion during Louis' minority. By these means he became one of the most powerful French monarchs and consolidated a system of absolute monarchical rule in France that endured until the French Revolution. He also enforced uniformity of religion under the Gallican Catholic Church. His revocation of the Edict of Nantes abolished the rights of the Huguenot Protestant minority and subjected them to a wave of dragonnades, effectively forcing Huguenots to emigrate or convert, and virtually destroying the French Protestant community. The Sun King surrounded himself with a variety of significant political, military, and cultural figures such as Mazarin, Colbert, Louvois, the Grand Condé, Turenne, Vauban, Boulle, Molière, Racine, Boileau, La Fontaine, Lully, Charpentier, Marais, Le Brun, Rigaud, Bossuet, Le Vau, Mansart, Charles, Claude Perrault, and Le Nôtre. During Louis' long reign, France emerged as the leading European power, and regularly asserted its military strength. A conflict with Spain marked his entire childhood, while during his personal rule, the kingdom took part in three major continental conflicts, each against powerful foreign alliances: the Franco-Dutch War, the War of the League of Augsburg, and the War of the Spanish Succession. In addition, France also contested shorter wars such as the War of Devolution and the War of the Reunions. Warfare defined the foreign policy of Louis XIV and his personality shaped his approach. Impelled by "a mix of commerce, revenge, and pique", Louis sensed that warfare was the ideal way to enhance his glory. In peacetime he concentrated on preparing for the next war. He taught his diplomats that their job was to create tactical and strategic advantages for the French military. (en)
dbo:activeYearsEndYear
  • 1715-01-01 (xsd:date)
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  • 1643-01-01 (xsd:date)
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  • 18553 (xsd:integer)
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  • 152432 (xsd:integer)
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  • 985729487 (xsd:integer)
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dbp:b
  • no (en)
dbp:banner
  • Royal standard of the king (en)
dbp:bannerimage
  • Royal Standard of King Louis XIV.svg (en)
dbp:birthDate
  • 1638-09-05 (xsd:date)
dbp:birthPlace
dbp:bsize
  • 445 (xsd:integer)
dbp:burialDate
  • 1715-09-09 (xsd:date)
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dbp:caption
  • Portrait by Hyacinthe Rigaud, 1701 (en)
dbp:captionLeft
  • Obverse. The Latin inscription is (LVDOVICVS XIIII D[EI] GRA[TIA]) . (en)
dbp:captionRight
  • Reverse. The Latin inscription is (FRAN[CIÆ] ET NAVARRÆ REX 1674) . (en)
dbp:cheight
  • 220 (xsd:integer)
dbp:corType
dbp:coronation
dbp:crest
  • The Royal crown of France (en)
dbp:cwidth
  • 220 (xsd:integer)
dbp:d
  • Q7742 (en)
dbp:deathDate
  • 1715-09-01 (xsd:date)
dbp:deathPlace
  • Palace of Versailles, Versailles, France (en)
dbp:description
  • Louis XIV depicted on a Louis d'or in 1709 (en)
dbp:dipstyle
  • His Most Christian Majesty (en)
dbp:escutcheon
  • Azure, three fleurs-de-lis Or impaling Gules on a chain in cross saltire and orle Or an emerald Proper . (en)
dbp:father
dbp:fullName
  • (en)
  • Louis Dieudonné de Bourbon (en)
dbp:header
  • Silver coin of Louis XIV, dated 1674 (en)
dbp:helm
  • An opened gold helmet, with blue and gold mantling. (en)
dbp:house
dbp:issue
  • (en)
  • Louis Alexandre, Count of Toulouse (en)
  • Louis Auguste, Duke of Maine (en)
  • Louis César, Count of Vexin (en)
  • Louis, Count of Vermandois (en)
  • Françoise Marie, Duchess of Orléans (en)
  • Louis, Grand Dauphin Illegitimate: (en)
  • Louise Françoise, Princess of Condé (en)
  • Marie Anne, Duchess of La Vallière (en)
dbp:issueLink
  • #Issue (en)
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  • among others... (en)
dbp:location
  • right (en)
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  • no (en)
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  • 0 (xsd:integer)
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dbp:motto
  • The motto is written in gold on a blue ribbon: MONTJOIE SAINT DENIS the war cry of France, Saint Denis was also the abbey where the oriflamme was kept. (en)
dbp:mw
  • no (en)
dbp:n
  • no (en)
dbp:name
  • Louis XIV (en)
  • King Louis XIV (en)
  • Par la grâce de Dieu, (en)
  • Roi de France et de Navarre (en)
dbp:notes
  • Upon his accession to the throne Louis assumed the royal coat of arms of France & Navarre. (en)
dbp:offstyle
  • Your Most Christian Majesty (en)
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  • 3 (xsd:integer)
dbp:orders
  • The escutcheons are surrounded first by the chain of the Order of Saint Michael and by the chain of the Order of the Holy Spirit, both were known as the ordres du roi. (en)
dbp:otherElements
  • Above all is a pavilion armoyé with the Royal crown. From it, is a royal blue mantle with a semis of fleurs-de-lis Or, lined on the inside with ermine. (en)
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  • 3 (xsd:integer)
dbp:position
  • right (en)
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dbp:regent
dbp:reign
  • --05-14
dbp:religion
  • Roman Catholicism (en)
dbp:s
  • Author:Louis XIV of France (en)
dbp:signature
  • Louis XIV Signature.svg (en)
dbp:species
  • no (en)
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  • The two supporters are two angels, acting as heralds for the two realms. The dexter angel carries a standard with the arms of France, and wearing a tabard with the same arms. The sinister angel also carries a standard and wears a tabard, but that of Navarre. Both are standing on puffs of cloud. (en)
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  • no (en)
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  • 250 (xsd:integer)
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  • no (en)
dbp:yearAdopted
  • 1643 (xsd:integer)
dbp:years
  • --05-14
  • --09-05
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  • Louis XIV (Louis Dieudonné; 5 September 1638 – 1 September 1715), known as Louis the Great (Louis le Grand) or the Sun King (le Roi Soleil), was King of France from 14 May 1643 until his death in 1715. His reign of 72 years and 110 days is the longest recorded of any monarch of a sovereign country in European history. Louis XIV's France was emblematic of the age of absolutism in Europe. (en)
rdfs:label
  • Louis XIV (en)
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  • Louis XIV (en)
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