The lion (Panthera leo) is a species in the family Felidae and a member of the genus Panthera. It is most recognisable for its muscular, deep-chested body, short, rounded head, round ears, and a hairy tuft at the end of its tail. It is sexually dimorphic; adult male lions have a prominent mane. With a typical head-to-body length of 184–208 cm (72–82 in) they are larger than females at 160–184 cm (63–72 in). It is a social species, forming groups called prides. A lion pride consists of a few adult males, related females and cubs. Groups of female lions usually hunt together, preying mostly on large ungulates. The lion is an apex and keystone predator, although some lions scavenge when opportunities occur, and have been known to hunt humans, although the species typically does not.

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  • The lion (Panthera leo) is a species in the family Felidae and a member of the genus Panthera. It is most recognisable for its muscular, deep-chested body, short, rounded head, round ears, and a hairy tuft at the end of its tail. It is sexually dimorphic; adult male lions have a prominent mane. With a typical head-to-body length of 184–208 cm (72–82 in) they are larger than females at 160–184 cm (63–72 in). It is a social species, forming groups called prides. A lion pride consists of a few adult males, related females and cubs. Groups of female lions usually hunt together, preying mostly on large ungulates. The lion is an apex and keystone predator, although some lions scavenge when opportunities occur, and have been known to hunt humans, although the species typically does not. Typically, the lion inhabits grasslands and savannas, but is absent in dense forests. It is usually more diurnal than other big cats, but when persecuted it adapts to being active at night and at twilight. In the Pleistocene, the lion ranged throughout Eurasia, Africa and North America, but today it has been reduced to fragmented populations in sub-Saharan Africa and one critically endangered population in western India. It has been listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List since 1996 because populations in African countries have declined by about 43% since the early 1990s. Lion populations are untenable outside designated protected areas. Although the cause of the decline is not fully understood, habitat loss and conflicts with humans are the greatest causes for concern. One of the most widely recognised animal symbols in human culture, the lion has been extensively depicted in sculptures and paintings, on national flags, and in contemporary films and literature. Lions have been kept in menageries since the time of the Roman Empire and have been a key species sought for exhibition in zoological gardens across the world since the late 18th century. Cultural depictions of lions were prominent in the Upper Paleolithic period; carvings and paintings from the Lascaux and Chauvet Caves in France have been dated to 17,000 years ago, and depictions have occurred in virtually all ancient and medieval cultures that coincided with the lion's former and current ranges. (en)
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  • (en)
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  • Skeleton (en)
  • A tuft at the end of the tail is a distinct characteristic of the lion. (en)
  • Lion attacked by spotted hyenas in Sabi Sand Game Reserve (en)
  • Four lionesses catching a cape buffalo in the Serengeti (en)
  • A lion cub in Masai Mara (en)
  • A lioness and two males in Masai Mara (en)
  • Granite statue of the Egyptian goddess Sekhmet from the Luxor Temple, dated 1403–1365 BC, exhibited in the National Museum of Denmark (en)
  • Five tree-climbing lions in Uganda (en)
  • A six-year-old male at Phinda Private Game Reserve, South Africa (en)
  • Lion at Melbourne Zoo (en)
  • Lions mating at Masai Mara (en)
  • Male at Pendjari National Park, Benin, West Africa (en)
  • Roaring and striding lion from the Throne Room of Nebuchadnezzar II, 6th century BC, from Babylon, Iraq (en)
  • Dorothy meets the Cowardly Lion, from the 1900 first edition of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. Art by W. W. Denslow. (en)
  • Lioness stealing a kill from a leopard in Kruger National Park (en)
  • A skeletal mount of a lion attacking a common eland, on display at The Museum of Osteology (en)
  • The Lion Capital of Ashoka, which has been a emblem of India (en)
  • Upper Paleolithic cave painting depicting cave lions. Found in the Chauvet Cave, France. (en)
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  • A captive lion roaring (en)
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  • vertical (en)
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  • Lion raring-sound1TamilNadu178.ogg (en)
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  • --07-09
  • West African male lion.jpg (en)
  • Luxor Sekhmet New Kingdom.JPG (en)
  • Berlín Ishtar león. 02.JPG (en)
  • Cowardly lion2.jpg (en)
  • Hyenas Fight Against Lions Over a Kill HD 10.png (en)
  • Lion male 6y.jpg (en)
  • Lion - melbourne zoo.jpg (en)
  • Lion Capital of Ashoka.jpg (en)
  • Lion and eland.jpg (en)
  • Lion tamer .jpg (en)
  • Lion_cub,_Masai_Mara,_Kenya.jpg (en)
  • Lioness 12.jpg (en)
  • Lions Family Portrait Masai Mara.jpg (en)
  • Lions taking down cape buffalo.jpg (en)
  • Lions_painting,_Chauvet_Cave_.jpg (en)
  • Okonjima Lioness.jpg (en)
  • Panthera leo massaica mating.jpg (en)
  • Tree-climbing lions .jpg (en)
  • Description iconographique comparée du squelette et du système dentaire des mammifères récents et fossiles .jpg (en)
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  • Female in Okonjima (en)
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  • Male lion in Okonjima, Namibia (en)
dbp:name
  • Lion (en)
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  • Lion distribution.png (en)
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  • Historical and present distribution of the lion in Africa, Asia and Europe (en)
dbp:status
  • VU (en)
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  • IUCN3.1 (en)
dbp:subdivision
  • :P. l. fossilis :P. l. leo :P. l. melanochaita :P. l. sinhaleyus (en)
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  • Subspecies (en)
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  • Panthera leo (en)
dbp:title
  • Lion roar (en)
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  • The lion (Panthera leo) is a species in the family Felidae and a member of the genus Panthera. It is most recognisable for its muscular, deep-chested body, short, rounded head, round ears, and a hairy tuft at the end of its tail. It is sexually dimorphic; adult male lions have a prominent mane. With a typical head-to-body length of 184–208 cm (72–82 in) they are larger than females at 160–184 cm (63–72 in). It is a social species, forming groups called prides. A lion pride consists of a few adult males, related females and cubs. Groups of female lions usually hunt together, preying mostly on large ungulates. The lion is an apex and keystone predator, although some lions scavenge when opportunities occur, and have been known to hunt humans, although the species typically does not. (en)
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  • Lion (en)
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