Tirana /tᵻˈrɑːnə/ (Standard Albanian: Tiranë; regional Gheg Albanian: Tirona) is the capital and largest city of Albania. It is the administrative, cultural, economic, and industrial center of Albania. The area occupied by Tirana has been populated since Paleolithic times dating back 10,000 to 30,000 years ago as suggested by evidence from tools found near Mount Dajt's quarry and in Pellumba Cave. As argued by various archaeologists, Tirana and its suburbs are filled with Illyrian toponyms as its precincts are some of the earliest regions in Albania to be inhabited.

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dbo:abstract
  • Tirana /tᵻˈrɑːnə/ (Standard Albanian: Tiranë; regional Gheg Albanian: Tirona) is the capital and largest city of Albania. It is the administrative, cultural, economic, and industrial center of Albania. The population of the city proper at the 2015 census was 610,070 and the municipality of Tirana, created in 2015, has a total population of 800,986. It is the biggest metropolitan area in Albania, and the only one with a population of over 500.000.The city is host to many public institutions and public and private universities, and is the centre of the political, economic, and cultural life of the country. The city is mostly surrounded by hills, with Dajti Mountain on the East and a slight valley opening on the North-West overlooking the Adriatic Sea in the distance. The area occupied by Tirana has been populated since Paleolithic times dating back 10,000 to 30,000 years ago as suggested by evidence from tools found near Mount Dajt's quarry and in Pellumba Cave. As argued by various archaeologists, Tirana and its suburbs are filled with Illyrian toponyms as its precincts are some of the earliest regions in Albania to be inhabited. Tirana was founded as a city in 1614 although the area has been continuously inhabited since antiquity. An almost unimportant centre until the beginning of the 20th century, Tirana was proclaimed as the capital of Albania in 1920. The city planning and construction activity of Italian neighbors during the years 1930s until the capitulation of Fascism in 1943, provided to the city an axis and a look in the centre, which preserves its configuration even at the present days. The city centre and the Old Bazaar were destroyed during the communist regime, new arteries were opened and the central square, the Skanderbeg Square, was expanded. In 1703, Tirana had about 4,000 inhabitants and by 1820 the number tripled to 12,000. The first census conducted a few years after becoming capital showed a total population of 10,845. During the 1950s, Tirana is experiencing rapid industrial growth and the population increased to about 137,000. After the end of communist rule in 1991, Tirana experienced its fastest population growth when people from rural areas moved to the capital for better economic opportunities. In 1990, Tirana had 250,000 inhabitants, but the large-scale influx increased the population to well over 500,000. (en)
  • 25بك المحتوى هنا ينقصه الاستشهاد بمصادر. يرجى إيراد مصادر موثوق بها. أي معلومات غير موثقة يمكن التشكيك بها وإزالتها. (فبراير 2016) تيرانا هي عاصمة ألبانيا وأكبر مدنها والاسم الأصلي لها طهران ونتيجة للتحريف تنطق تيرانا. يقدر عدد سكانها بحوالي 353,400 نسمة في سنة 2003، بينما تشير بعض التقديرات إلى أن العدد قد يصل ل 700,000 نسمة. أسست سنة 1614 وأصبحت عاصمة البلاد سنة 1920وتقع في وسط ألبانيا . (ar)
  • Tirana [tiˈɾana] (bestimmte Namensform, unbestimmte: Tiranë [tiˈɾanə]; im lokalen gegischen Dialekt Tirona [tiˈɾɔna] bzw. Tiron [tiˈɾɔn]) ist die Hauptstadt Albaniens. Nach eigenen Angaben hat Tirana rund 625.000 Einwohner (2009), während die Agglomeration 895.042 Einwohner zählt (2008). Bei der Volkszählung 2011 wurden jedoch nur 418.495 Einwohner erhoben. Tirana ist der kulturelle, politische und wirtschaftliche Mittelpunkt eines zentralistisch organisierten Staates und ist Sitz mehrerer Einrichtungen, Organisationen und Parteien. So befinden sich hier das Parlament und die Regierung des Landes. Tirana ist Hauptstadt des gleichnamigen Qarks und war bis zu dessen Auflösung auch Hauptstadt des Kreises, von dem ein Großteil heute zum Gebiet der Bashkia (Gemeinde) zählt. (de)
  • Tirana (en albanés: Tiranë o Tirana) es la capital y mayor ciudad de Albania. Fue fundada en 1614 por Sulejman Pasha y se convirtió en la capital de Albania en 1920. Durante el final de los años 1980 y comienzo de los años 1990, Tirana fue el punto central de violentas manifestaciones que acabaron con la caída de la República Popular de Albania. (es)
  • Tirana (Tiranë en albanais, prononcé [tiˈɾanə]) est une municipalité, la capitale et la plus peuplée des villes de l'Albanie. En 2011, sa population était officiellement de 557 422 habitants, mais l'agglomération pourrait approcher le million d'habitants. Tirana a été fondée en 1614 et est devenue capitale en 1920. C'est le principal centre industriel et culturel du pays. Au cours du XXe siècle, l'économie s'est développée autour des produits agricoles, des textiles, de la construction mécanique et des produits pharmaceutiques. Depuis l'ouverture démocratique de l'Albanie en 1990, la capitale essaie de développer une industrie du tourisme, entravée par l'instabilité politique qui règne dans les Balkans, avec plusieurs conflits militaires dans les années 1990, notamment au Kosovo voisin. (fr)
  • Tirana (in lingua albanese Tiranë, pronuncia IPA: [tiˈɾanə]; localmente Tirona) è la capitale della Repubblica d'Albania, nonché capoluogo del distretto e della prefettura omonima; in virtù del suo status di capitale, amministrativamente è un distretto speciale albanese. Con 610.070 abitanti e 1.238 km² di superficie è la città più grande dell'Albania e uno dei comuni più estesi d'Europa; con un'area metropolitana che tocca i 1.652 km², è inoltre tra le prime capitali d'Europa per ampiezza di territorio. Situata al centro dell'Albania, a circa 35 km a est da Durazzo e circa 40 km a nord-ovest da Elbasan, è in una valle circondata da alte montagne (Monte Dajt a est, le colline di Kërrabë e Sauk al sud, le colline Vaqarr e Yzberisht a ovest e Kamzë a nord) e affiancata da diversi laghi e da una riserva naturale nazionale (parku i madh). La città è sede di istituzioni pubbliche, dell'università ed è il centro della vita amministrativa, politica, economica, culturale e religiosa del paese. (it)
  • ティラナ(アルバニア語:Tiranë(不定形)/Tirana(定形))は、アルバニア共和国の首都。ティラナ州の州都、ティラナ県の県都で、同国最大の都市。 (ja)
  • Tirana (Albanees: Tiranë, bepaalde vorm Tirana; Gegisch: Tirona; Turks: Tiran) is de hoofdstad en veruit de grootste stad van Albanië. De stad zelf heeft 610.070 inwoners (2015) en is gelegen in het centrum van het land aan de rivieren de Tiranë en de Lanë, zo'n veertig kilometer oostelijk van de havenstad Durrës. De hele agglomeratie Tirana telt bijna 900.000 inwoners (2008). Tirana werd in 1920 de hoofdstad van het land. In dat jaar was het nog maar een klein plaatsje, dat bij wijze van compromis tussen het noorden en het zuiden van Albanië de hoofdstad mocht worden. In de loop van de 20e eeuw is Tirana ooit veel grotere plaatsen als Shkodër, Durrës en Korçë gaan overvleugelen, en is de stad in vrijwel alle opzichten de belangrijkste van het land geworden. De regering en het parlement, de Volksvergadering van Albanië, zijn er gevestigd, en ook het presidentieel paleis staat in het centrum van de stad. Tirana is tevens ook de hoofdplaats van het district Tirana en van de gelijknamige prefectuur. (nl)
  • Tirana (alb. Tiranë lub Tirana) – stolica i największe miasto Albanii położone nad 3 rzekami: Lanë, Tiranë i Tërkuzë. Jest to największy ośrodek przemysłowy i centrum kulturalne kraju. W mieście znajduje się 7 szkół wyższych, z których najważniejszą jest założony w 1957 Uniwersytet Tirański. Głównym zabytkiem miasta jest meczet Etehem Bey z XVIII wieku. Znajdują się tu także Teatr Narodowy oraz Teatr Opery i Baletu. 17 km na północny zachód położony jest port lotniczy Rinas im. Matki Teresy. W mieście znajduje się stacja kolejowa Tirana. (pl)
  • Tirana (em albanês, Tirana, Tiranë ou Tirona, no dialeto local) é a capital e maior cidade da República da Albânia. Foi fundada em 1614 por Solimão Paxá e tornou-se capital do país em 1920. Tirana é também a capital do distrito de Tirana e da prefeitura de Tirana. O município (em albanês: bashkia) de Tirana é delimitado a norte pela serra de Kamza, a leste pelo Monte Dajt, a oeste pela serra do Vaqarr e Yzberisht e ao sul pelas colinas de Krrabë e Sauk. Tirana possui altitude média de 110 metros acima do nível do mar. Existem dois principais rios que correm pela cidade: a Lana e de Tirana. A cidade também contém um total de quatro lagos: o lago Tirana, o lago Kodër-Kamëz, lago Farka, e o lago Tufina. O ponto mais alto de Tirana mede 1.828 m. A cidade está no mesmo paralelo com Nápoles, Madrid, Istambul e sobre o mesmo meridiano com Budapeste e Cracóvia. É atualmente o maior centro industrial e comercial do país e abriga a Universidade de Tirana, fundada em 1957. Aos poucos vem desenvolvendo a atividade turística, apesar dos recentes conflitos em países vizinhos, como a Bósnia e Herzegovina, a Macedônia e o Kosovo. (pt)
  • Тира́на (алб. Tiranë, Tirana) — столица и крупнейший город Албании, главный политический, экономический и культурный центр страны. Город образует самостоятельную административную единицу, а также является административным центром области и округа Тирана. Площадь 30 км². Основана в 1614 году, стала столицей страны в 1920 году. (ru)
  • 地拉那市(阿尔巴尼亚语:Tiranë,英语:Tirana),阿尔巴尼亚首都和第一大城市,全国政治、经济、文化中心。人口930,687(2015年)。 1614年始建城镇,1920年被阿爾巴尼亞親王國定为阿國首都,並一直維持首都地位至今。第二次世界大战期间曾被意、德法西斯軸心國所占领,1944年被南斯拉夫軍隊解放。 (zh)
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  • 25بك المحتوى هنا ينقصه الاستشهاد بمصادر. يرجى إيراد مصادر موثوق بها. أي معلومات غير موثقة يمكن التشكيك بها وإزالتها. (فبراير 2016) تيرانا هي عاصمة ألبانيا وأكبر مدنها والاسم الأصلي لها طهران ونتيجة للتحريف تنطق تيرانا. يقدر عدد سكانها بحوالي 353,400 نسمة في سنة 2003، بينما تشير بعض التقديرات إلى أن العدد قد يصل ل 700,000 نسمة. أسست سنة 1614 وأصبحت عاصمة البلاد سنة 1920وتقع في وسط ألبانيا . (ar)
  • Tirana (en albanés: Tiranë o Tirana) es la capital y mayor ciudad de Albania. Fue fundada en 1614 por Sulejman Pasha y se convirtió en la capital de Albania en 1920. Durante el final de los años 1980 y comienzo de los años 1990, Tirana fue el punto central de violentas manifestaciones que acabaron con la caída de la República Popular de Albania. (es)
  • ティラナ(アルバニア語:Tiranë(不定形)/Tirana(定形))は、アルバニア共和国の首都。ティラナ州の州都、ティラナ県の県都で、同国最大の都市。 (ja)
  • Tirana (alb. Tiranë lub Tirana) – stolica i największe miasto Albanii położone nad 3 rzekami: Lanë, Tiranë i Tërkuzë. Jest to największy ośrodek przemysłowy i centrum kulturalne kraju. W mieście znajduje się 7 szkół wyższych, z których najważniejszą jest założony w 1957 Uniwersytet Tirański. Głównym zabytkiem miasta jest meczet Etehem Bey z XVIII wieku. Znajdują się tu także Teatr Narodowy oraz Teatr Opery i Baletu. 17 km na północny zachód położony jest port lotniczy Rinas im. Matki Teresy. W mieście znajduje się stacja kolejowa Tirana. (pl)
  • Тира́на (алб. Tiranë, Tirana) — столица и крупнейший город Албании, главный политический, экономический и культурный центр страны. Город образует самостоятельную административную единицу, а также является административным центром области и округа Тирана. Площадь 30 км². Основана в 1614 году, стала столицей страны в 1920 году. (ru)
  • 地拉那市(阿尔巴尼亚语:Tiranë,英语:Tirana),阿尔巴尼亚首都和第一大城市,全国政治、经济、文化中心。人口930,687(2015年)。 1614年始建城镇,1920年被阿爾巴尼亞親王國定为阿國首都,並一直維持首都地位至今。第二次世界大战期间曾被意、德法西斯軸心國所占领,1944年被南斯拉夫軍隊解放。 (zh)
  • Tirana /tᵻˈrɑːnə/ (Standard Albanian: Tiranë; regional Gheg Albanian: Tirona) is the capital and largest city of Albania. It is the administrative, cultural, economic, and industrial center of Albania. The area occupied by Tirana has been populated since Paleolithic times dating back 10,000 to 30,000 years ago as suggested by evidence from tools found near Mount Dajt's quarry and in Pellumba Cave. As argued by various archaeologists, Tirana and its suburbs are filled with Illyrian toponyms as its precincts are some of the earliest regions in Albania to be inhabited. (en)
  • Tirana [tiˈɾana] (bestimmte Namensform, unbestimmte: Tiranë [tiˈɾanə]; im lokalen gegischen Dialekt Tirona [tiˈɾɔna] bzw. Tiron [tiˈɾɔn]) ist die Hauptstadt Albaniens. Nach eigenen Angaben hat Tirana rund 625.000 Einwohner (2009), während die Agglomeration 895.042 Einwohner zählt (2008). Bei der Volkszählung 2011 wurden jedoch nur 418.495 Einwohner erhoben. (de)
  • Tirana (Tiranë en albanais, prononcé [tiˈɾanə]) est une municipalité, la capitale et la plus peuplée des villes de l'Albanie. En 2011, sa population était officiellement de 557 422 habitants, mais l'agglomération pourrait approcher le million d'habitants. Tirana a été fondée en 1614 et est devenue capitale en 1920. C'est le principal centre industriel et culturel du pays. Au cours du XXe siècle, l'économie s'est développée autour des produits agricoles, des textiles, de la construction mécanique et des produits pharmaceutiques. (fr)
  • Tirana (in lingua albanese Tiranë, pronuncia IPA: [tiˈɾanə]; localmente Tirona) è la capitale della Repubblica d'Albania, nonché capoluogo del distretto e della prefettura omonima; in virtù del suo status di capitale, amministrativamente è un distretto speciale albanese. Con 610.070 abitanti e 1.238 km² di superficie è la città più grande dell'Albania e uno dei comuni più estesi d'Europa; con un'area metropolitana che tocca i 1.652 km², è inoltre tra le prime capitali d'Europa per ampiezza di territorio. (it)
  • Tirana (Albanees: Tiranë, bepaalde vorm Tirana; Gegisch: Tirona; Turks: Tiran) is de hoofdstad en veruit de grootste stad van Albanië. De stad zelf heeft 610.070 inwoners (2015) en is gelegen in het centrum van het land aan de rivieren de Tiranë en de Lanë, zo'n veertig kilometer oostelijk van de havenstad Durrës. De hele agglomeratie Tirana telt bijna 900.000 inwoners (2008). (nl)
  • Tirana (em albanês, Tirana, Tiranë ou Tirona, no dialeto local) é a capital e maior cidade da República da Albânia. Foi fundada em 1614 por Solimão Paxá e tornou-se capital do país em 1920. Tirana é também a capital do distrito de Tirana e da prefeitura de Tirana. O município (em albanês: bashkia) de Tirana é delimitado a norte pela serra de Kamza, a leste pelo Monte Dajt, a oeste pela serra do Vaqarr e Yzberisht e ao sul pelas colinas de Krrabë e Sauk. Tirana possui altitude média de 110 metros acima do nível do mar. (pt)
rdfs:label
  • Tirana (en)
  • تيرانا (ar)
  • Tirana (de)
  • Tirana (es)
  • Tirana (fr)
  • Tirana (it)
  • ティラナ (ja)
  • Tirana (stad) (nl)
  • Tirana (pl)
  • Tirana (pt)
  • Тирана (ru)
  • 地拉那 (zh)
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