Henrik Johan Ibsen (/ˈɪbsən/; Norwegian: [ˈhɛnɾɪk ˈɪpsən]; 20 March 1828 – 23 May 1906) was a major 19th-century Norwegian playwright, theatre director, and poet. He is often referred to as "the father of realism" and is one of the founders of Modernism in theatre. His major works include Brand, Peer Gynt, An Enemy of the People, Emperor and Galilean, A Doll's House, Hedda Gabler, Ghosts, The Wild Duck, When We Dead Awaken, Pillars of Society, The Lady from the Sea, Rosmersholm, The Master Builder and John Gabriel Borkman. He is the most frequently performed dramatist in the world after Shakespeare, and A Doll's House became the world's most performed play by the early 20th century.

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dbo:abstract
  • Henrik Johan Ibsen (/ˈɪbsən/; Norwegian: [ˈhɛnɾɪk ˈɪpsən]; 20 March 1828 – 23 May 1906) was a major 19th-century Norwegian playwright, theatre director, and poet. He is often referred to as "the father of realism" and is one of the founders of Modernism in theatre. His major works include Brand, Peer Gynt, An Enemy of the People, Emperor and Galilean, A Doll's House, Hedda Gabler, Ghosts, The Wild Duck, When We Dead Awaken, Pillars of Society, The Lady from the Sea, Rosmersholm, The Master Builder and John Gabriel Borkman. He is the most frequently performed dramatist in the world after Shakespeare, and A Doll's House became the world's most performed play by the early 20th century. Several of his later dramas were considered scandalous to many of his era, when European theatre was expected to model strict morals of family life and propriety. Ibsen's later work examined the realities that lay behind many façades, revealing much that was disquieting to many contemporaries. It utilized a critical eye and free inquiry into the conditions of life and issues of morality. The poetic and cinematic early play Peer Gynt, however, has strong surreal elements. Ibsen is often ranked as one of the most distinguished playwrights in the European tradition. Richard Hornby describes him as "a profound poetic dramatist—the best since Shakespeare". He is widely regarded as the most important playwright since Shakespeare. He influenced other playwrights and novelists such as George Bernard Shaw, Oscar Wilde, Arthur Miller, James Joyce, Eugene O'Neill and Miroslav Krleža. Ibsen was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1902, 1903 and 1904. Ibsen wrote his plays in Danish (the common written language of Denmark and Norway) and they were published by the Danish publisher Gyldendal. Although most of his plays are set in Norway—often in places reminiscent of Skien, the port town where he grew up—Ibsen lived for 27 years in Italy and Germany, and rarely visited Norway during his most productive years. Born into a merchant family connected to the patriciate of Skien, Ibsen shaped his dramas according to his family background. He was the father of Prime Minister Sigurd Ibsen. Ibsen's dramas continue in their influence upon contemporary culture and film with notable film productions including A Doll's House featuring Jane Fonda and A Master Builder featuring Wallace Shawn. (en)
  • هنريك يوهان إبسن (Henrik Johan Ibsen؛ 20 مارس 1828 - 23 مايو 1906) كاتب مسرحي نرويجي كبير، كان من أهم العاملين على ظهور الدراما الواقعية المعاصرة. يعرف بـ "أبو المسرح الحديث". له 26 مسرحية.اعتبر من أهم كاتبي المسرح على مر التاريخ. (ar)
  • Henrik Johan Ibsen /ˈhɛnɾɪk ˈjoːhɑn ˈɪpsən/ (Skien, 20 de marzo de 1828-Cristianía, 23 de mayo de 1906) fue un dramaturgo y poeta noruego. Es considerado el más importante dramaturgo noruego y uno de los autores que más han influido en la dramaturgia moderna, padre del drama realista moderno y antecedente del teatro simbólico. En su época, sus obras fueron consideradas escandalosas por una sociedad dominada por los valores victorianos, al cuestionar el modelo de familia y de sociedad dominantes. Sus obras no han perdido vigencia y es uno de los autores no contemporáneos más representado en la actualidad. (es)
  • Henrik Johan Ibsen (20 mars 1828, Skien, Norvège - 23 mai 1906, Christiania) est un dramaturge norvégien. (fr)
  • Henrik Johan Ibsen (* 20. März 1828 in Skien; † 23. Mai 1906 in Christiania) war ein norwegischer Dramatiker und Lyriker. (de)
  • ヘンリック(ヘンリク)・イプセン(Henrik Johan Ibsen、1828年3月20日 - 1906年5月23日)は、ノルウェーの劇作家、詩人、舞台監督。近代演劇の創始者であり、「近代演劇の父」と称される。シェイクスピア以後、世界でもっとも盛んに上演されている劇作家とも言われる。 代表作には、『ブラン』『ペール・ギュント』(グリーグが後に劇音楽を作曲する)『人形の家』『野鴨』『ロスメルスホルム』『ヘッダ・ガーブレル』などがある。自身はノルウェーを嫌い、長くドイツやイタリアで生活したため、ノルウェーの国民作家という意識は薄かったが、現在は国の象徴、そして世界史上最も重要な劇作家の一人として尊敬され、長らくノルウェーの最高額面の1000クローネ紙幣にその肖像が描かれていた。 (ja)
  • Henrik Johan Ibsen (Skien, 20 maart 1828 – Kristiania, 23 mei 1906) was een Noors toneelschrijver en dichter. (nl)
  • È considerato il padre della drammaturgia moderna, per aver portato nel teatro la dimensione più intima della borghesia ottocentesca, mettendone a nudo le contraddizioni e il profondo maschilismo. (it)
  • Henrik Johan Ibsen (ˈhɛnɾɪk ˈɪpsən|no) (Skien, 20 de Março de 1828 — Cristiânia, 23 de Maio de 1906) foi um dramaturgo norueguês, considerado um dos criadores do teatro realista moderno. Foi o maior dramaturgo norueguês do Século XIX. Foi também poeta e diretor teatral, sendo considerado o “pai do drama em prosa” e um dos fundadores do modernismo no teatro. Entre seus maiores trabalhos destacam-se Brand, Peer Gynt, Um Inimigo do Povo, Imperador e Galileu, Casa de Bonecas, Hedda Gabler, Espectros, O Pato Selvagem e Rosmersholm Muitas de suas peças foram consideradas escandalosas na época em que foram lançadas, mediante o fato de o teatro europeu estar sujeito ao modelo determinado pela vida familiar e pela propriedade. Os trabalhos de Ibsen analisavam a realidade contida por trás das convenções e costumes, o que trouxe muita inquietação para seus contemporâneos. Ele lançou um olhar crítico e a livre investigação sobre as condições de vida e as questões da moralidade da época. A poética peça Peer Gynt, no entanto, tem fortes elementos do Surrealismo. Ibsen é muitas vezes classificado como um dos verdadeiramente grandes dramaturgos da tradição europeia. Richard Hornby o descreve como "um profundo e poético dramaturgo — o melhor desde Shakespeare". Ele influenciou outros dramaturgos e romancistas, tais como George Bernard Shaw, Oscar Wilde, James Joyce e Eugene O'Neill. Muitos críticos o consideram o maior dramaturgo desde Shakespeare. Embora a maioria de suas peças sejam definidas na Noruega, muitas vezes em lugares que lembram Skien, a cidade portuária onde cresceu, Ibsen viveu por 27 anos na Itália e Alemanha e raramente visitou a Noruega durante seus anos mais produtivos. (pt)
  • Henrik Johan Ibsen (pol. Henryk Ibsen; ur. 20 marca 1828 w Skien, zm. 23 maja 1906 w Christianii, obecnie Oslo) – dramatopisarz norweski. (pl)
  • Ге́нрик (Хе́нрик) Ю́хан И́бсен (норв. Henrik Johan Ibsen; 20 марта 1828, Шиен — 23 мая 1906, Кристиания) — норвежский драматург, основатель европейской «новой драмы»; поэт и публицист. (ru)
  • 亨里克·约翰·易卜生(挪威语:Henrik Johan Ibsen,1828年3月20日-1906年5月23日),生于挪威希恩,是一位影响深远的挪威剧作家,被认为是现代现实主義戏剧的创始人。 他的许多剧作在当时被认为是丑闻,因为当时维多利亚式的家庭价值观和礼仪是社会的标准,而任何对这个标准提出疑义和挑战的看法都被看做是不道德和可憎的。易卜生的作品显示了在这个表面以下的实际情况,而当时的社会不愿看到这个实际现象。 易卜生用不留情的眼光来看生活的实际,提出了新的道德问题,由此他创立了现代的话剧。在他之前,话剧总是一场道德的教育剧,其高贵的主人公向黑暗的势力进行斗争。每部话剧都应该有一个“适当”的结局,好人应该有好的结局,不道德的人应该被惩罚。易卜生将这个模板完全颠倒了,他向当时的信仰挑战,摧毁了他的观众的幻想。 易卜生出生于一个小康家庭。他的故乡是挪威海滨的一个以出口木材为主的小港。他出生后不久他的家庭状况开始变坏。他的母亲企图在宗教中寻找安慰,而他的父亲则陷入一场严重的忧郁症。易卜生作品中的人物往往与他的父母相似,而他的剧情则往往与经济困难有关。 (zh)
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  • Norwegian playwright, theatre director, and poet (en)
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  • هنريك يوهان إبسن (Henrik Johan Ibsen؛ 20 مارس 1828 - 23 مايو 1906) كاتب مسرحي نرويجي كبير، كان من أهم العاملين على ظهور الدراما الواقعية المعاصرة. يعرف بـ "أبو المسرح الحديث". له 26 مسرحية.اعتبر من أهم كاتبي المسرح على مر التاريخ. (ar)
  • Henrik Johan Ibsen (20 mars 1828, Skien, Norvège - 23 mai 1906, Christiania) est un dramaturge norvégien. (fr)
  • Henrik Johan Ibsen (* 20. März 1828 in Skien; † 23. Mai 1906 in Christiania) war ein norwegischer Dramatiker und Lyriker. (de)
  • ヘンリック(ヘンリク)・イプセン(Henrik Johan Ibsen、1828年3月20日 - 1906年5月23日)は、ノルウェーの劇作家、詩人、舞台監督。近代演劇の創始者であり、「近代演劇の父」と称される。シェイクスピア以後、世界でもっとも盛んに上演されている劇作家とも言われる。 代表作には、『ブラン』『ペール・ギュント』(グリーグが後に劇音楽を作曲する)『人形の家』『野鴨』『ロスメルスホルム』『ヘッダ・ガーブレル』などがある。自身はノルウェーを嫌い、長くドイツやイタリアで生活したため、ノルウェーの国民作家という意識は薄かったが、現在は国の象徴、そして世界史上最も重要な劇作家の一人として尊敬され、長らくノルウェーの最高額面の1000クローネ紙幣にその肖像が描かれていた。 (ja)
  • Henrik Johan Ibsen (Skien, 20 maart 1828 – Kristiania, 23 mei 1906) was een Noors toneelschrijver en dichter. (nl)
  • È considerato il padre della drammaturgia moderna, per aver portato nel teatro la dimensione più intima della borghesia ottocentesca, mettendone a nudo le contraddizioni e il profondo maschilismo. (it)
  • Henrik Johan Ibsen (pol. Henryk Ibsen; ur. 20 marca 1828 w Skien, zm. 23 maja 1906 w Christianii, obecnie Oslo) – dramatopisarz norweski. (pl)
  • Ге́нрик (Хе́нрик) Ю́хан И́бсен (норв. Henrik Johan Ibsen; 20 марта 1828, Шиен — 23 мая 1906, Кристиания) — норвежский драматург, основатель европейской «новой драмы»; поэт и публицист. (ru)
  • 亨里克·约翰·易卜生(挪威语:Henrik Johan Ibsen,1828年3月20日-1906年5月23日),生于挪威希恩,是一位影响深远的挪威剧作家,被认为是现代现实主義戏剧的创始人。 他的许多剧作在当时被认为是丑闻,因为当时维多利亚式的家庭价值观和礼仪是社会的标准,而任何对这个标准提出疑义和挑战的看法都被看做是不道德和可憎的。易卜生的作品显示了在这个表面以下的实际情况,而当时的社会不愿看到这个实际现象。 易卜生用不留情的眼光来看生活的实际,提出了新的道德问题,由此他创立了现代的话剧。在他之前,话剧总是一场道德的教育剧,其高贵的主人公向黑暗的势力进行斗争。每部话剧都应该有一个“适当”的结局,好人应该有好的结局,不道德的人应该被惩罚。易卜生将这个模板完全颠倒了,他向当时的信仰挑战,摧毁了他的观众的幻想。 易卜生出生于一个小康家庭。他的故乡是挪威海滨的一个以出口木材为主的小港。他出生后不久他的家庭状况开始变坏。他的母亲企图在宗教中寻找安慰,而他的父亲则陷入一场严重的忧郁症。易卜生作品中的人物往往与他的父母相似,而他的剧情则往往与经济困难有关。 (zh)
  • Henrik Johan Ibsen (/ˈɪbsən/; Norwegian: [ˈhɛnɾɪk ˈɪpsən]; 20 March 1828 – 23 May 1906) was a major 19th-century Norwegian playwright, theatre director, and poet. He is often referred to as "the father of realism" and is one of the founders of Modernism in theatre. His major works include Brand, Peer Gynt, An Enemy of the People, Emperor and Galilean, A Doll's House, Hedda Gabler, Ghosts, The Wild Duck, When We Dead Awaken, Pillars of Society, The Lady from the Sea, Rosmersholm, The Master Builder and John Gabriel Borkman. He is the most frequently performed dramatist in the world after Shakespeare, and A Doll's House became the world's most performed play by the early 20th century. (en)
  • Henrik Johan Ibsen /ˈhɛnɾɪk ˈjoːhɑn ˈɪpsən/ (Skien, 20 de marzo de 1828-Cristianía, 23 de mayo de 1906) fue un dramaturgo y poeta noruego. Es considerado el más importante dramaturgo noruego y uno de los autores que más han influido en la dramaturgia moderna, padre del drama realista moderno y antecedente del teatro simbólico. (es)
  • Henrik Johan Ibsen (ˈhɛnɾɪk ˈɪpsən|no) (Skien, 20 de Março de 1828 — Cristiânia, 23 de Maio de 1906) foi um dramaturgo norueguês, considerado um dos criadores do teatro realista moderno. Foi o maior dramaturgo norueguês do Século XIX. Foi também poeta e diretor teatral, sendo considerado o “pai do drama em prosa” e um dos fundadores do modernismo no teatro. Entre seus maiores trabalhos destacam-se Brand, Peer Gynt, Um Inimigo do Povo, Imperador e Galileu, Casa de Bonecas, Hedda Gabler, Espectros, O Pato Selvagem e Rosmersholm (pt)
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  • هنريك إبسن (ar)
  • Henrik Ibsen (de)
  • Henrik Ibsen (es)
  • Henrik Ibsen (fr)
  • Henrik Ibsen (it)
  • ヘンリック・イプセン (ja)
  • Henrik Ibsen (nl)
  • Henrik Ibsen (pl)
  • Henrik Ibsen (pt)
  • Ибсен, Генрик (ru)
  • 亨里克·易卜生 (zh)
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