About: Minor third

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In music theory a minor third is a musical interval that encompasses three half steps, or semitones. Staff notation represents the minor third as encompassing three staff positions (see: interval number). The minor third is one of two commonly occurring thirds. It is called minor because it is the smaller of the two: the major third spans an additional semitone. For example, the interval from A to C is a minor third, as the note C lies three semitones above A. Coincidentally, there are three staff positions from A to C. Diminished and augmented thirds span the same number of staff positions, but consist of a different number of semitones (two and five). The minor third is a skip melodically.

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  • 短三度(たんさんど)は、全音階で現れる2種類の三度の音程のうちのより狭い方である。構成としては楽譜における下の方から長二度と短二度の音程からなる(例:ドとレ間、レとミ♭間、からなるドとミ♭間全体の音程)。 「短」の字は2つの三度の音程(長三度と短三度)のうちのより狭いほうであることを示し、もう一つは長三度と呼ばれる。短三度は3半音の音程であるのに対して長三度は4半音の音程であり、短三度のほうが1半音音程が狭い。短三度はm3と省略され、そのは長六度である。 (ja)
  • En musique, une tierce mineure est un intervalle de trois demi-tons. Elle est très utilisée dans la musique occidentale, et forme la base de la gamme mineure. Dans un tempérament égal à douze demi-tons (gamme tempérée), elle est l'équivalent enharmonique de la seconde augmentée. (fr)
  • In music theory a minor third is a musical interval that encompasses three half steps, or semitones. Staff notation represents the minor third as encompassing three staff positions (see: interval number). The minor third is one of two commonly occurring thirds. It is called minor because it is the smaller of the two: the major third spans an additional semitone. For example, the interval from A to C is a minor third, as the note C lies three semitones above A. Coincidentally, there are three staff positions from A to C. Diminished and augmented thirds span the same number of staff positions, but consist of a different number of semitones (two and five). The minor third is a skip melodically. Notable examples of ascending minor thirds include the opening two notes of "Greensleeves" and of "Light My Fire". The minor third may be derived from the harmonic series as the interval between the fifth and sixth harmonics, or from the 19th harmonic. The minor third is commonly used to express sadness in music, and research shows that this mirrors its use in speech, as a tone similar to a minor third is produced during sad speech. It is also a quartal (based on an ascendance of one or more perfect fourths) tertian interval, as opposed to the major third's quintality. The minor third is also obtainable in reference to a fundamental note from the undertone series, while the major third is obtainable as such from the overtone series. (See Otonality and Utonality.) The minor scale is so named because of the presence of this interval between its tonic and mediant (1st and 3rd) scale degrees. Minor chords too take their name from the presence of this interval built on the chord's root (provided that the interval of a perfect fifth from the root is also present or implied). A minor third, in just intonation, corresponds to a pitch ratio of 6:5 or 315.64 cents. In an equal tempered tuning, a minor third is equal to three semitones, a ratio of 21/4:1 (about 1.189), or 300 cents, 15.64 cents narrower than the 6:5 ratio. In other meantone tunings it is wider, and in 19 equal temperament it is very nearly the 6:5 ratio of just intonation; in more complex schismatic temperaments, such as 53 equal temperament, the "minor third" is often significantly flat (being close to Pythagorean tuning), although the "augmented second" produced by such scales is often within ten cents of a pure 6:5 ratio. If a minor third is tuned in accordance with the fundamental of the overtone series, the result is a ratio of 19:16 or 297.51 cents (the nineteenth harmonic ). The 12-TET minor third (300 cents) more closely approximates the nineteenth harmonic with only 2.49 cents error. M. Ergo mistakenly claimed that the nineteenth harmonic was the highest ever written, for the bass-trumpet in Richard Wagner's WWV 86 Der Ring des Nibelungen (1848 to 1874), when Robert Schumann's Op. 86 Konzertstück for 4 Horns and Orchestra (1849) features the twentieth harmonic (four octaves and major third above the fundamental) in the first horn part three times. Other pitch ratios are given related names, the septimal minor third with ratio 7:6 and the tridecimal minor third with ratio 13:11 in particular. The minor third is classed as an imperfect consonance and is considered one of the most consonant intervals after the unison, octave, perfect fifth, and perfect fourth. The sopranino saxophone and E♭ clarinet sound in the concert pitch ( C ) a minor third higher than the written pitch; therefore, to get the sounding pitch one must transpose the written pitch up a minor third. Instruments in A – most commonly the A clarinet, sound a minor third lower than the written pitch. (en)
  • L'intervallo di terza minore è l'intervallo esistente fra due note che consiste in 3 semitoni, ovvero in un tono e mezzo. Per esempio, la terza minore del Mi è il Sol. Due note che distano fra loro una terza minore suonate insieme, cioè in un bicordo armonico, hanno una consonanza imperfetta. (it)
  • Terça Menor é o terceiro grau da ou Voltada em 1/2Tom. Exemplo: na escala de G(sol Maior Temos G(Tonica A(Segunda ou nona Maior B(Terça maior C( D( E( F#( ou 7+. Então a nota B (si é a Terça Maior de G (sol. Agora se você voltar em 1/2 (meio Tom a terça ou seja em G (sol seria Bb (sí bemol, aí a você tem a terça MenorAssim se da com qualquer nota, por exemplo em C(dó C D E F G A B a terça Maior é a nota E (mi e a terça menor é a nota Eb (mi bemol, e assim sucessivamente em qualquer escala. (pt)
  • 在西方文化的古典音樂中,一個小三度是一個橫跨三個半音的音程。在五線譜中,小三度橫跨三個五線譜位置。而小三度()是兩個常見的三度(大三度和小三度)的其中一個。它之所以被稱為小三度是因為它是兩個中最小的,大三度比小三度多跨越一個半度。例如,從A到C的音程是一個小三度,因為C在A的三個半音之上,而且從A到C有三個五線譜位置。減三度和也是跨越三個五線譜位置,但半音的數量不同(減三度為兩個半音,增三度為五個。 小三度是泛音列中第五個到第六個中的音程,而且是第十六個到第十九個泛音的音程。 有人認為小三度常用於音樂中來表達悲傷,而且硏究顯示這在演講中也能反映出來:在傷心的演講中,演講者會製造一個相似小三度的音程。 小調之所以被稱為小調是因為在小調中,主調音(第一個音)和中音(第三個音)的音程是小三度。(英文:)也是因有小三度而命名。 在純律中的小三度是6:5(),或315.64音分。在十二平均律中,小三度是三個半音:21/4:1(大約為1.189,或300音分。十二平均律中的小三度比純律中的小三度窄15.64音分。在中庸全音律中比較闊,而在中,它與純律中的6:5接近。19:16的小三度是297.51音分。十二平均律的小三度(300音分)最接近16:19的小三度。(16:19為297.51音分,僅差十二平均律2.49音分。) 還有其他的小三度,如含七小三度是7:6,而是13:11。 小三度被認為是不完全和諧(英文:imperfect consonance),而且是繼,八度,純五度,純四度之後最和諧的音程。 (zh)
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  • 短三度(たんさんど)は、全音階で現れる2種類の三度の音程のうちのより狭い方である。構成としては楽譜における下の方から長二度と短二度の音程からなる(例:ドとレ間、レとミ♭間、からなるドとミ♭間全体の音程)。 「短」の字は2つの三度の音程(長三度と短三度)のうちのより狭いほうであることを示し、もう一つは長三度と呼ばれる。短三度は3半音の音程であるのに対して長三度は4半音の音程であり、短三度のほうが1半音音程が狭い。短三度はm3と省略され、そのは長六度である。 (ja)
  • En musique, une tierce mineure est un intervalle de trois demi-tons. Elle est très utilisée dans la musique occidentale, et forme la base de la gamme mineure. Dans un tempérament égal à douze demi-tons (gamme tempérée), elle est l'équivalent enharmonique de la seconde augmentée. (fr)
  • L'intervallo di terza minore è l'intervallo esistente fra due note che consiste in 3 semitoni, ovvero in un tono e mezzo. Per esempio, la terza minore del Mi è il Sol. Due note che distano fra loro una terza minore suonate insieme, cioè in un bicordo armonico, hanno una consonanza imperfetta. (it)
  • Terça Menor é o terceiro grau da ou Voltada em 1/2Tom. Exemplo: na escala de G(sol Maior Temos G(Tonica A(Segunda ou nona Maior B(Terça maior C( D( E( F#( ou 7+. Então a nota B (si é a Terça Maior de G (sol. Agora se você voltar em 1/2 (meio Tom a terça ou seja em G (sol seria Bb (sí bemol, aí a você tem a terça MenorAssim se da com qualquer nota, por exemplo em C(dó C D E F G A B a terça Maior é a nota E (mi e a terça menor é a nota Eb (mi bemol, e assim sucessivamente em qualquer escala. (pt)
  • In music theory a minor third is a musical interval that encompasses three half steps, or semitones. Staff notation represents the minor third as encompassing three staff positions (see: interval number). The minor third is one of two commonly occurring thirds. It is called minor because it is the smaller of the two: the major third spans an additional semitone. For example, the interval from A to C is a minor third, as the note C lies three semitones above A. Coincidentally, there are three staff positions from A to C. Diminished and augmented thirds span the same number of staff positions, but consist of a different number of semitones (two and five). The minor third is a skip melodically. (en)
  • 在西方文化的古典音樂中,一個小三度是一個橫跨三個半音的音程。在五線譜中,小三度橫跨三個五線譜位置。而小三度()是兩個常見的三度(大三度和小三度)的其中一個。它之所以被稱為小三度是因為它是兩個中最小的,大三度比小三度多跨越一個半度。例如,從A到C的音程是一個小三度,因為C在A的三個半音之上,而且從A到C有三個五線譜位置。減三度和也是跨越三個五線譜位置,但半音的數量不同(減三度為兩個半音,增三度為五個。 小三度是泛音列中第五個到第六個中的音程,而且是第十六個到第十九個泛音的音程。 有人認為小三度常用於音樂中來表達悲傷,而且硏究顯示這在演講中也能反映出來:在傷心的演講中,演講者會製造一個相似小三度的音程。 小調之所以被稱為小調是因為在小調中,主調音(第一個音)和中音(第三個音)的音程是小三度。(英文:)也是因有小三度而命名。 在純律中的小三度是6:5(),或315.64音分。在十二平均律中,小三度是三個半音:21/4:1(大約為1.189,或300音分。十二平均律中的小三度比純律中的小三度窄15.64音分。在中庸全音律中比較闊,而在中,它與純律中的6:5接近。19:16的小三度是297.51音分。十二平均律的小三度(300音分)最接近16:19的小三度。(16:19為297.51音分,僅差十二平均律2.49音分。) 還有其他的小三度,如含七小三度是7:6,而是13:11。 (zh)
rdfs:label
  • Tierce mineure (fr)
  • Terza minore (it)
  • 短三度 (ja)
  • Minor third (en)
  • Terça menor (pt)
  • 小三度 (zh)
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