Intramuros (Latin for "within the walls") is the 0.67 square kilometres (0.26 sq mi) historic walled area within the city of Manila, the capital of the Philippines. It is administered by the Intramuros Administration with the help of the city government of Manila.

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  • Intramuros, en la ribera meridional del río Pasig, es el distrito amurallado de la ciudad de Manila (Filipinas), y ubicación original de la ciudad, fundada por Miguel López de Legazpi en 1571. (es)
  • Intramuros (Latin for "within the walls") is the 0.67 square kilometres (0.26 sq mi) historic walled area within the city of Manila, the capital of the Philippines. It is administered by the Intramuros Administration with the help of the city government of Manila. Present-day Intramuros comprises a centuries-old historic district, entirely surrounded by fortifications, that was considered at the time of the Spanish Empire to be the entire City of Manila. Other towns and arrabales (suburbs) located beyond the walls that are now districts of Manila were referred to as extramuros, Latin for "outside the walls", and were independent towns that were only incorporated into the city of Manila during the early 20th century. Intramuros served as the seat of government of the Captaincy General of the Philippines, a component realm of the Spanish Empire, housing the colony's governor-general from its founding in 1571 until 1865, and the Real Audiencia of Manila until the end of Spanish rule during the Philippine Revolution of 1898. The walled city was also considered the religious and educational center of the Spanish East Indies. The original campuses of the University of Santo Tomas, the oldest university in Asia, and the Ateneo de Manila, were in Intramuros before transferring in 1927 and 1932 respectively; today the area still contains the main campuses of the University of the City of Manila, the Colegio de San Juan de Letran, Mapúa University, Philippine Nautical Training Colleges, the Colegio de Santa Rosa, and the Manila High School. Intramuros was also an economic center; its port in what is now Plaza Mexico was the Asian hub of the Manila galleon trade, carrying goods to and from Acapulco in what is now Mexico. Construction of the Spanish walled city began under the orders of the Spanish imperial government in the late 16th century to protect the city from foreign invasions, replacing the old prehispanic settlement of Maynila along the shores of the Manila Bay, by the entrance to the Pasig River. Near the mouth of the Pasig River is Fort Santiago, which, along with a series of bulwarks and gates, fortified the city from repeated invasions. During the early 20th century, under the administration of American colonial authorities, land reclamation and the construction of the Manila South Port subsequently moved the coastline westward and obscured the walls and fort from the bay, while the moat surrounding the fortifications was drained and turned into a recreational golf course. The Battle of Manila in 1945 entirely flattened Intramuros. As the occupying Japanese Imperial Army made their last stand against the victorious efforts of Allied soldiers and Filipino guerrillas, heavy artillery bombing destroyed its eight churches, walls, universities, houses, and government buildings constructed for centuries in Spanish colonial architecture; only the San Agustín Church, the oldest standing church in the Philippines, survived the bombing of Manila intact and was later made a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Though reconstruction efforts began immediately after the war, many of its original landmarks are still lost today; under the Intramuros Administration, Intramuros is still in the process of postwar reconstruction and revival of its cultural heritage. Intramuros, including Fort Santiago, was designated a National Historical Landmark in 1951. The fortifications of Intramuros, under the name Fortifications of Manila, were declared National Cultural Treasures by the National Museum of the Philippines, owing to its historic and cultural significance. San Agustín Church, one of four UNESCO World Heritage Sites under the entry Baroque Churches of the Philippines, is located within Intramuros. Several Philippine government agencies are headquartered in Intramuros; the Bureau of the Treasury is located in the Ayuntamiento, the old municipal hall of Manila, while the Commission on Elections is housed in an office building at Plaza Roma at the site of the old governor's palace. Several offices of the Catholic Church, including the Archdiocese of Manila and the Catholic Bishops' Conference of the Philippines, are also found at or near Manila Cathedral. (en)
  • Intramuros (spanisch/lateinisch, zu Deutsch etwa „innerhalb der Mauern“) bezeichnet einen Stadtteil der philippinischen Hauptstadt Manila, der komplett von Mauern umgeben ist. Während der spanischen Kolonialzeit auf den Philippinen war der Bezirk der Sitz der spanischen Kolonialverwaltung, wovon noch erhaltene Gebäude zeugen, z. B. der „Palacio del Gobernador“ (Gouverneurspalast) oder die Kathedrale von Manila. Hier befindet sich auch das Colegio de San Juan de Letran, die älteste Hochschule des Landes. Intramuros wird als das eigentliche (ursprüngliche) Manila bezeichnet. Heute ist der Bezirk eine der Sehenswürdigkeiten der Stadt. Innerhalb von Intramuros befindet sich die Festung Fort Santiago, die 1570 von Martín de Goiti als Fuerza de Santiago gegründet wurde, um den spanischen Konquistadoren einen Zufluchtsort gegen Guerilla-Angriffe muslimischer Einheimischer zu bieten. 1574 wurde Fuerza de Santiago von 3000 chinesischen Piraten unter Führung Lim ah hongs belagert; Goiti übernahm die Verteidigung der Stadt. Dabei verlor Goiti sein Leben, die Stadt kam zunächst unter Kontrolle der Piraten, 1575 wurde sie von Juan de Salcedo zurückerobert.Während der britische Invasion der Philippinen 1762 wurde Intramuros Schauplatz der Schlacht um Manila, die am 5./6. Oktober stattfand. Die Festung wurde bei dem Bombardment schwer beschädigt, konnte jedoch nach Ende der britischen Besatzung 1764 wieder instand gesetzt werden. Während des Zweiten Weltkriegs wurde Intramuros von den Japanern und insbesondere bei der Rückeroberung durch die Alliierten weitgehend zerstört. Es gilt heute jedoch in Teilen als ein gut restaurierter Stadtteil Manilas. Obwohl einige Bauten restauriert wurden, ist eine Vielzahl der Gebäude in beklagenswertem Zustand. Selbst die Kriegsschäden sind sehr oft noch sichtbar. (de)
  • Intramuros est le quartier le plus ancien de Manille, la capitale des Philippines. Il est situé le long de la rive méridionale du fleuve Pasig et a été construit par les Espagnols au XVIe siècle. Pendant la période coloniale espagnole, « Intramuros » désignait la ville de Manille elle-même. (fr)
  • Intramuros, (dal latino: intra, all'interno e muros, mura) o in spagnolo la Ciudad Morada (la Città Murata), è una municipalità filippina facente parte di Manila, città componente di Metro Manila. Si estende su una superficie di poco meno di mezzo chilometro quadrato ed è abitata, secondo le statistiche dell'anno 2010, da circa 5 000 persone. Il quartiere è delimitato a Nord dal fiume Pasig, a Est e Sud dal parco di Luneta e a Ovest dalla lunga Bonifacio drive che corre parallela al mare della Baia di Manila. (it)
  • イントラムロス(Intramuros、イントラムーロス)は16世紀にスペイン人たちによって建てられた、フィリピンの首都マニラの最古の地区であり、パシッグ川南岸に位置する。その名称は直訳するとスペイン語で「壁の内側で」となり、壁で囲まれた都市または要塞を意味するほか、その厚く高い壁と堀とで囲まれた構造を言い表している。スペイン時代には、イントラムロスはマニラそのものだと考えられていた。 (ja)
  • 인트라무로스(Intramuros)는 16세기에 스페인인들에 의해 지어진 필리핀의 수도 마닐라에서 가장 오래된 지역으로, 파시그 강 남쪽에 위치한다. 그 명칭은 직역하면 스페인어로 "벽 안에서"가 되며, 벽에 둘러싸인 도시 또는 요새를 의미하고, 또한 그 두껍고 높은 벽과 해자로 둘러싸인 구조를 표현한 것이다. 스페인 시대에는 인트라무로스가 마닐라 자체라고 생각되었다. 지금은 마닐라 입국관리국이 소재하고 있어 출입국 관련 업무를 보려는 외국인들이 많이 들르는 곳이다. (ko)
  • Intramuros is de oudste wijk van Manilla. De naam komt van het Latijnse "intra muros" en betekent letterlijk: "binnen de muren". De wijk is ook effectief omgeven door dikke, hoge muren. Het zijn de restanten van de Spaanse kolonisatie. In de wijk op de zuidoever van de Pasig zijn nog veel overblijfselen uit de Spaanse tijd te vinden, zoals het Palacio del Gobernador, de Kathedraal van Manilla en Fort Santiago. In de Spaanse koloniale periode was Intramuros de zetel van het Spaanse bestuur en werd beschouwd als het feitelijke Manilla. Tegenwoordig is de wijk een van de bezienswaardigheden van de stad Manilla. (nl)
  • Intramuros é um histórico distrito murado construído pelos conquistadores espanhóis no século XVI dentro da cidade de Manila, capital das Filipinas. O distrito tem uma área de 67,26 hectares e população de 7.466 habitantes (censo 2000). Durante o período de domínio espanhol no país, Intramuros era considerado como a própria Manila. Na Segunda Guerra Mundial, durante a batalha pela reconquista das Filipinas em 1945, Intramuros foi bastante danificado pelos bombardeios navais e de artilharia, tanto pelos japoneses que o ocupavam e o haviam transformado em quartel-general quanto pelos norte-americanos que os atacavam. Entre fevereiro e março daquele ano, os japoneses se fecharam dentro de suas muralhas se defendendo dos ataques americanos, mataram milhares de civis filipinos e incendiaram quase todos os prédios públicos do local. Após a tomada de Manila, o distrito havia sido transformado em ruínas e a única edificação ainda de pé era a igreja de Santo Agostinho. Nos anos 80, a primeira-dama das Filipinas, Imelda Marcos, comandou a restauração do distrito e hoje Intramuros é a única região de Manila que ainda mostra as influências arquitetônicas da era espanhola. A modernização de Manila ocorreu especialmente fora de suas muralhas, deixando as fortificações, muros, ruas e igrejas de Intramuros praticamente intocadas pela modernidade arquitetônica da capital filipina. (pt)
  • Интрамурос (исп. Intramuros «внутри стен», «окружённый стенами», «обнесённый») — старейший район современного города Манила, столицы республики Филиппины. Площадь — 0,67 км². Население — 5015 человек, плотность населения — 7485,1 чел./км² (19 386,3 чел./ми²). Имеет высокую культурно-историческую ценность как старинный испанский архитектурный памятник острова Лусон. Самая популярная достопримечательность Филиппин. (ru)
  • 王城區(Intramuros)為馬尼拉市的南區。16世紀時,西班牙人於當地建城,是馬尼拉市最古老的市轄區。“intramuros”於拉丁文為「在牆內」,即於「城中」或「城堡內」之意。在西班牙殖民時代,王城區本身即代表著馬尼拉一城。 在第二次世界大战末期激烈而持久的马尼拉战役中,日本人破坏城市建筑,屠杀菲律宾平民(见马尼拉大屠杀),最后退入王城区。麦克阿瑟将军反对轰炸王城区,但批准进行炮击,造成10万菲律宾平民死亡。王城区的大部份被日军和美国空军摧毁,唯一幸存的建筑是圣奥斯定堂。 (zh)
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  • Clockwise, from top left: Manila Cathedral, Baluarte de San Diego, Plaza San Luís Complex, Palacio del Gobernador, Fort Santiago, San Agustin Church (en)
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  • Intramuros, en la ribera meridional del río Pasig, es el distrito amurallado de la ciudad de Manila (Filipinas), y ubicación original de la ciudad, fundada por Miguel López de Legazpi en 1571. (es)
  • Intramuros est le quartier le plus ancien de Manille, la capitale des Philippines. Il est situé le long de la rive méridionale du fleuve Pasig et a été construit par les Espagnols au XVIe siècle. Pendant la période coloniale espagnole, « Intramuros » désignait la ville de Manille elle-même. (fr)
  • Intramuros, (dal latino: intra, all'interno e muros, mura) o in spagnolo la Ciudad Morada (la Città Murata), è una municipalità filippina facente parte di Manila, città componente di Metro Manila. Si estende su una superficie di poco meno di mezzo chilometro quadrato ed è abitata, secondo le statistiche dell'anno 2010, da circa 5 000 persone. Il quartiere è delimitato a Nord dal fiume Pasig, a Est e Sud dal parco di Luneta e a Ovest dalla lunga Bonifacio drive che corre parallela al mare della Baia di Manila. (it)
  • イントラムロス(Intramuros、イントラムーロス)は16世紀にスペイン人たちによって建てられた、フィリピンの首都マニラの最古の地区であり、パシッグ川南岸に位置する。その名称は直訳するとスペイン語で「壁の内側で」となり、壁で囲まれた都市または要塞を意味するほか、その厚く高い壁と堀とで囲まれた構造を言い表している。スペイン時代には、イントラムロスはマニラそのものだと考えられていた。 (ja)
  • 인트라무로스(Intramuros)는 16세기에 스페인인들에 의해 지어진 필리핀의 수도 마닐라에서 가장 오래된 지역으로, 파시그 강 남쪽에 위치한다. 그 명칭은 직역하면 스페인어로 "벽 안에서"가 되며, 벽에 둘러싸인 도시 또는 요새를 의미하고, 또한 그 두껍고 높은 벽과 해자로 둘러싸인 구조를 표현한 것이다. 스페인 시대에는 인트라무로스가 마닐라 자체라고 생각되었다. 지금은 마닐라 입국관리국이 소재하고 있어 출입국 관련 업무를 보려는 외국인들이 많이 들르는 곳이다. (ko)
  • Интрамурос (исп. Intramuros «внутри стен», «окружённый стенами», «обнесённый») — старейший район современного города Манила, столицы республики Филиппины. Площадь — 0,67 км². Население — 5015 человек, плотность населения — 7485,1 чел./км² (19 386,3 чел./ми²). Имеет высокую культурно-историческую ценность как старинный испанский архитектурный памятник острова Лусон. Самая популярная достопримечательность Филиппин. (ru)
  • 王城區(Intramuros)為馬尼拉市的南區。16世紀時,西班牙人於當地建城,是馬尼拉市最古老的市轄區。“intramuros”於拉丁文為「在牆內」,即於「城中」或「城堡內」之意。在西班牙殖民時代,王城區本身即代表著馬尼拉一城。 在第二次世界大战末期激烈而持久的马尼拉战役中,日本人破坏城市建筑,屠杀菲律宾平民(见马尼拉大屠杀),最后退入王城区。麦克阿瑟将军反对轰炸王城区,但批准进行炮击,造成10万菲律宾平民死亡。王城区的大部份被日军和美国空军摧毁,唯一幸存的建筑是圣奥斯定堂。 (zh)
  • Intramuros (spanisch/lateinisch, zu Deutsch etwa „innerhalb der Mauern“) bezeichnet einen Stadtteil der philippinischen Hauptstadt Manila, der komplett von Mauern umgeben ist. Während der spanischen Kolonialzeit auf den Philippinen war der Bezirk der Sitz der spanischen Kolonialverwaltung, wovon noch erhaltene Gebäude zeugen, z. B. der „Palacio del Gobernador“ (Gouverneurspalast) oder die Kathedrale von Manila. Hier befindet sich auch das Colegio de San Juan de Letran, die älteste Hochschule des Landes. Intramuros wird als das eigentliche (ursprüngliche) Manila bezeichnet. Heute ist der Bezirk eine der Sehenswürdigkeiten der Stadt. (de)
  • Intramuros (Latin for "within the walls") is the 0.67 square kilometres (0.26 sq mi) historic walled area within the city of Manila, the capital of the Philippines. It is administered by the Intramuros Administration with the help of the city government of Manila. (en)
  • Intramuros is de oudste wijk van Manilla. De naam komt van het Latijnse "intra muros" en betekent letterlijk: "binnen de muren". De wijk is ook effectief omgeven door dikke, hoge muren. Het zijn de restanten van de Spaanse kolonisatie. In de wijk op de zuidoever van de Pasig zijn nog veel overblijfselen uit de Spaanse tijd te vinden, zoals het Palacio del Gobernador, de Kathedraal van Manilla en Fort Santiago. (nl)
  • Intramuros é um histórico distrito murado construído pelos conquistadores espanhóis no século XVI dentro da cidade de Manila, capital das Filipinas. O distrito tem uma área de 67,26 hectares e população de 7.466 habitantes (censo 2000). Durante o período de domínio espanhol no país, Intramuros era considerado como a própria Manila. (pt)
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