The 1970s (pronounced "nineteen-seventies", commonly abbreviated as the "Seventies") was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1, 1970 and ended on December 31, 1979.In the 21st century, historians have increasingly portrayed the 1970s as a "pivot of change" in world history focusing especially on the economic upheavals. In the Western world, social progressive values that began in the 1960s, such as increasing political awareness and economic liberty of women, continued to grow. In the United Kingdom, the 1979 elections resulted in the victory of its Conservative leader Margaret Thatcher, the first female British Prime Minister. Industrialized countries, except Japan, experienced an economic recession due to an oil crisis caused by oil embargoes by the Organization of A

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  • The 1970s (pronounced "nineteen-seventies", commonly abbreviated as the "Seventies") was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1, 1970 and ended on December 31, 1979.In the 21st century, historians have increasingly portrayed the 1970s as a "pivot of change" in world history focusing especially on the economic upheavals. In the Western world, social progressive values that began in the 1960s, such as increasing political awareness and economic liberty of women, continued to grow. In the United Kingdom, the 1979 elections resulted in the victory of its Conservative leader Margaret Thatcher, the first female British Prime Minister. Industrialized countries, except Japan, experienced an economic recession due to an oil crisis caused by oil embargoes by the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries. The crisis saw the first instance of stagflation which began a political and economic trend of the replacement of Keynesian economic theory with neoliberal economic theory, with the first neoliberal governments being created in Chile, where a military coup led by Augusto Pinochet took place in 1973. Novelist Tom Wolfe coined the term "'Me' decade" in his essay "The 'Me' Decade and the Third Great Awakening", published by New York Magazine in August 1976 referring to the 1970s. The term describes a general new attitude of Americans towards atomized individualism and away from communitarianism in clear contrast with the 1960s. In Asia, affairs regarding the People's Republic of China changed significantly following the recognition of the PRC by the United Nations, the death of Mao Zedong and the beginning of market liberalization by Mao's successors. Despite facing an oil crisis due to the OPEC embargo, the economy of Japan witnessed a large boom in this period, overtaking the economy of West Germany to become the second-largest in the world. The United States withdrew its military forces from their previous involvement in the Vietnam War which had grown enormously unpopular. In 1979, the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan which led to an ongoing war for ten years. The 1970s saw an initial increase in violence in the Middle East as Egypt and Syria declared war on Israel, but in the late 1970s, the situation in the Middle East was fundamentally altered when Egypt signed the Egyptian–Israeli Peace Treaty. Anwar El Sadat, President of Egypt, was instrumental in the event and consequently became extremely unpopular in the Arab World and the wider Muslim world. He was assassinated in 1981. Political tensions in Iran exploded with the Iranian Revolution in 1979 which overthrew the Pahlavi dynasty and established an Islamic republic of Iran under the leadership of the Ayatollah Khomeini. Africa saw further decolonization in the decade, with Angola and Mozambique gaining their independence in 1975 from the Portuguese Empire after the restoration of democracy in Portugal. The continent was however plagued by endemic military coups, with the long-reigning Emperor of Ethiopia Haile Selassie being removed, civil wars and famine. The economies of much of the developing world continued to make steady progress in the early-1970s, because of the Green Revolution. They might have thrived and become stable in the way that Europe recovered after World War II through the Marshall Plan; however, their economic growth was slowed by the oil crisis but boomed immediately after. (en)
  • Die 1970er waren das achte Jahrzehnt des 20. Jahrhunderts. Sie folgten den 1960er-Jahren. Danach folgten die 1980er-Jahre. Vor allem in der westlichen Geschichtswissenschaft gelten die 70er-Jahre heute als eine Zeit von Krisen, Umbrüchen und Veränderungen. Zu diesem Eindruck tragen nicht zuletzt die beiden Ölpreiskrisen von 1973/74 und 1979 bei sowie das Ende des langen Nachkriegsbooms der westlichen Wirtschaften und die anhaltende Stagflation in einigen Ländern. (de)
  • El conflicto árabe-israelí y la etapa final de la guerra de Vietnam dominan la mayor parte de la vida política de los años 1970. El mercado del petróleo se ve sacudido por las disposiciones de la Organización de Países Exportadores de Petróleo que arrastra a los países industrializados a una crisis en el sector energético y por ende a toda la industria y la sociedad. Se da un bloqueo en el suministro del petróleo y ahora son las naciones productoras las que fijan los precios del combustible. Es también la década del auge del terrorismo, con grupos de extrema izquierda como el IRA, RAF, Brigadas Rojas, ETA, FLNC, Ejército Rojo Japonés, NEP o grupos terroristas islámicos como Yihad Islámica, Septiembre Negro o FPLP. Terroristas como Carlos el Chacal se hicieron muy famosos. Algunos gobiernos respondieron al terrorismo aplicando terrorismo de Estado. La Casa Blanca es escenario del escándalo Watergate que llevó a que el presidente Richard Nixon fuera el único presidente estadounidense en renunciar a su cargo en este siglo. Al mismo tiempo, el intervencionismo del gobierno de este país ayuda a instaurar dictaduras militares afectas a Washington en varios países de América Latina. El bloque comunista que la Unión de Repúblicas Socialistas Soviéticas logró conformar durante varias décadas, empieza a dar señales de desintegración y la potencia soviética se distancia de la China comunista, lo que trae consigo el debilitamiento de la influencia comunista en el mundo. En Europa a pesar de la crisis energética, los países occidentales de este continente logran igualar el nivel de vida de Estados Unidos de América y los países escandinavos consiguen el más alto equilibrio económico social del mundo. Las dictaduras del sur de europa (Grecia, Portugal y España) desaparecen y dan lugar a regímenes democráticos. Varias guerras de esta década fueron breves: Guerra indo-pakistaní de 1971, Guerra del Yom Kippur, Invasión turca de Chipre, Guerra de Ogaden y Guerra sino-vietnamita. En 1979 los fundamentalistas musulmanes toman el control de Irán bajo el liderazgo de Ayatolá Ruholá Jomeini, con lo que este país se retira de la influencia occidental y se encierra en el más radical de los estados basados en la Sharia (ley islámica). (es)
  • Les années 1970 couvrent la période de 1970 à 1979. (fr)
  • Gli anni 1970, comunemente chiamati anni settanta, sono il decennio che comprende gli anni dal 1970 al 1979 inclusi. (it)
  • 1970年代(せんきゅうひゃくななじゅうねんだい)は、西暦(グレゴリオ暦)1970年から1979年までの10年間を指す10年紀。この項目では、国際的な視点に基づいた1970年代について記載する。 (ja)
  • De jaren 1970-1979 (van de christelijke jaartelling), ook aangeduid als de jaren zeventig, zijn een decennium in de 20e eeuw. (nl)
  • Lata : 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979 (pl)
  • A década de 1970, também referida como anos 1970, compreende o período de tempo entre 1º de janeiro de 1970 e 31 de dezembro de 1979. Apesar de socialmente aceitável – tido como lógico, é errôneo cronologicamente afirmar que esse período de tempo caracterize-se como a oitava década do século XX, haja vista que esta iniciou em 1º de janeiro de 1971 e terminou em 31 de dezembro de 1980, pelo fato do calendário gregoriano não possuir o ano zero e o tempo passar a ter sido contado a partir do ano um. (pt)
  • 1970-е годы — десятилетие, включающее года с 1970 по 1979. (ru)
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dbp:caption
  • The CN Tower was completed in 1976, becoming the world's tallest free-standing structure.
  • The Sears Tower became the world's tallest building when completed in 1973.
  • The World Trade Center towers were the world's tallest buildings from 1972 to 1973.
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  • horizontal
dbp:image
  • CN Tower 1976.jpg
  • Sears tower orthogonal.jpg
  • World Trade Center, New York City - aerial view .jpg
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  • 100 (xsd:integer)
  • 172 (xsd:integer)
dct:subject
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • Die 1970er waren das achte Jahrzehnt des 20. Jahrhunderts. Sie folgten den 1960er-Jahren. Danach folgten die 1980er-Jahre. Vor allem in der westlichen Geschichtswissenschaft gelten die 70er-Jahre heute als eine Zeit von Krisen, Umbrüchen und Veränderungen. Zu diesem Eindruck tragen nicht zuletzt die beiden Ölpreiskrisen von 1973/74 und 1979 bei sowie das Ende des langen Nachkriegsbooms der westlichen Wirtschaften und die anhaltende Stagflation in einigen Ländern. (de)
  • Les années 1970 couvrent la période de 1970 à 1979. (fr)
  • Gli anni 1970, comunemente chiamati anni settanta, sono il decennio che comprende gli anni dal 1970 al 1979 inclusi. (it)
  • 1970年代(せんきゅうひゃくななじゅうねんだい)は、西暦(グレゴリオ暦)1970年から1979年までの10年間を指す10年紀。この項目では、国際的な視点に基づいた1970年代について記載する。 (ja)
  • De jaren 1970-1979 (van de christelijke jaartelling), ook aangeduid als de jaren zeventig, zijn een decennium in de 20e eeuw. (nl)
  • Lata : 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979 (pl)
  • A década de 1970, também referida como anos 1970, compreende o período de tempo entre 1º de janeiro de 1970 e 31 de dezembro de 1979. Apesar de socialmente aceitável – tido como lógico, é errôneo cronologicamente afirmar que esse período de tempo caracterize-se como a oitava década do século XX, haja vista que esta iniciou em 1º de janeiro de 1971 e terminou em 31 de dezembro de 1980, pelo fato do calendário gregoriano não possuir o ano zero e o tempo passar a ter sido contado a partir do ano um. (pt)
  • 1970-е годы — десятилетие, включающее года с 1970 по 1979. (ru)
  • The 1970s (pronounced "nineteen-seventies", commonly abbreviated as the "Seventies") was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1, 1970 and ended on December 31, 1979.In the 21st century, historians have increasingly portrayed the 1970s as a "pivot of change" in world history focusing especially on the economic upheavals. In the Western world, social progressive values that began in the 1960s, such as increasing political awareness and economic liberty of women, continued to grow. In the United Kingdom, the 1979 elections resulted in the victory of its Conservative leader Margaret Thatcher, the first female British Prime Minister. Industrialized countries, except Japan, experienced an economic recession due to an oil crisis caused by oil embargoes by the Organization of A (en)
  • El conflicto árabe-israelí y la etapa final de la guerra de Vietnam dominan la mayor parte de la vida política de los años 1970. El mercado del petróleo se ve sacudido por las disposiciones de la Organización de Países Exportadores de Petróleo que arrastra a los países industrializados a una crisis en el sector energético y por ende a toda la industria y la sociedad. Se da un bloqueo en el suministro del petróleo y ahora son las naciones productoras las que fijan los precios del combustible. (es)
rdfs:label
  • 1970s (en)
  • عقد 1970 (ar)
  • 1970er (de)
  • Años 1970 (es)
  • Années 1970 (fr)
  • Anni 1970 (it)
  • 1970年代 (ja)
  • 1970-1979 (nl)
  • Lata 70. XX wieku (pl)
  • Década de 1970 (pt)
  • 1970-е годы (ru)
  • 1970年代 (zh)
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