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The music of Finland can be roughly divided into categories of folk music, classical and contemporary art music, and contemporary popular music. The folk music of Finland belongs to a broader musical tradition, that has been common amongst Balto-Finnic people, sung in the so-called Kalevala metre. Though folk songs of the old variety became progressively rarer in western Finland, they remained common in eastern parts of the country, mainly Karelia. After publication of Kalevala, this type of singing started to gain more popularity again. In the west of the country, more mainstream Nordic folk music traditions prevail. The Sami people of northern Finland have their own musical traditions, collectively Sami music. Finnish folk music has undergone a roots revival in the recent decades, and ha

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  • Die indigene Musik Finnlands basiert auf der jahrtausendealten Volksliedtradition der Finnen. Seit der Christianisierung des Landes nahm die finnische Musik Impulse gesamteuropäischer Musiktraditionen auf und nahm an deren Entwicklung teil, zunächst in der Sakralmusik, später auch in der Volks- und Kunstmusik. Im 20. Jahrhundert entwickelte sich mit neuen Medien wie Grammophon und Radio eine finnische Populärmusik; heute hat Finnland mehrere auch international erfolgreiche Rock- und Popbands vorzuweisen. (de)
  • La musique finlandaise est apparentée aux musiques scandinaves (norvégienne et suédoise) et baltiques (lituanienne, partageant une culture assez proche, mais aussi à la musique russe, en vertu de l'annexion de pays à la Russie au XIXe siècle. La musique traditionnelle carélienne, telle qu'elle s'exprime par le Kalevala est considérée comme l'expression la plus pure des mythes et croyances finnois, et la moins influencée par la culture germanique. Cette musique traditionnelle finnoise vit un renouveau depuis quelques décennies, et est devenue une branche de la musique populaire. Les peuples du nord de la Finlande, les Sami, ont en outre leur propre tradition musicale. La musique classique a trouvé en Sibelius un compositeur attaché aux valeurs nationales ayant pourtant une envergure internationale. La musique contemporaine populaire inclut une scène renommée de rock et de metal, phénomène musical partagé avec les autres pays nordiques, mais aussi un attrait particulier pour le schlager ou le tango. (fr)
  • The music of Finland can be roughly divided into categories of folk music, classical and contemporary art music, and contemporary popular music. The folk music of Finland belongs to a broader musical tradition, that has been common amongst Balto-Finnic people, sung in the so-called Kalevala metre. Though folk songs of the old variety became progressively rarer in western Finland, they remained common in eastern parts of the country, mainly Karelia. After publication of Kalevala, this type of singing started to gain more popularity again. In the west of the country, more mainstream Nordic folk music traditions prevail. The Sami people of northern Finland have their own musical traditions, collectively Sami music. Finnish folk music has undergone a roots revival in the recent decades, and has also become a part of popular music. In the field of classical and contemporary art music, Finland has produced a proportionally exceptional number of musicians and composers. Contemporary popular music includes a renowned heavy metal scene like other Nordic countries, as well as a number of prominent rock and pop bands, jazz musicians, hip hop performers and makers of dance music. There is also a Schlager scene with bandstand dancing where the local variety of tango is also popular. (en)
  • De Finse muziek kenmerkt zich door haar vanuit traditie doorgegeven elementen van runenmelodieën, die in een kenmerkende folkloristische stijl op de 3- tot 5-snarige kantele werden begeleid. (nl)
  • A música da Finlândia tem influências nitidamente escandinavas, e o metal sinfônico é muito popular, o piano também é um instrumento popular neste país. Diferentemente de outros países nórdicos, a Finlândia tem um povo com origens fino-úgricas, e não germânicas, o que deu à música folclórica local um distinto toque asiático. Influências estrangeiras posteriores se deram pelos luteranos, no século XVI; e pelos russos, que governaram o país de 1814 a 1917. O nacionalismo finlandês tem seu despertar em 1835 com a publicação da "Kalevala", o grande poema épico nacional escrito por Elias Lönnrot. O poeta mais tarde publicou uma série de poemas líricos intitulada Kanteletar, batizada em referência ao kantele, instrumento utilizado pelos bardos para cantar suas canções. Ainda no século XIX, um compositor alemão, , acabou se sobressaindo no país compondo hinos patrióticos e a primeira ópera finalndesa, Kung Karls jakt ("A Caçada de Rei Charles"). A segunda metade do século XIX dá à luz vários compositores nativos notórios, como , , e aquele que é o mais conhecido de todos, Jean Sibelius. Sibelius foi ativo nos finais do século XIX e princípios do século XX, uma época de intensivo nacionalismo no país. Da era pós-Sibelius, destacam-se nomes como Oskar Merikanto, , , , , e . Algumas bandas Finlandesas de sucesso são HIM, Apocalyptica, The 69 Eyes, Sonata Arctica, Children of Bodom, Nightwish, Korpiklaani, Stratovarius, The Rasmus, Poets of the Fall e Lordi entre outras. Na Finlândia, também é comum estilos como o Techno e o Trance fazerem bastante sucesso. (pt)
  • Musik i Finland kan grovt delas in i folkmusik, klassisk musik och populärmusik. Finlands nationalsång är Vårt land (eller "Maamme"), skriven av nationalskalden Johan Ludvig Runeberg. (sv)
  • 芬兰音乐是指有史以来由芬兰人创作的音乐。它大致可以分成三类:民族音乐、古典艺术音乐及轻音乐。 具有“芬兰音乐之父”之称的弗雷德里克·帕修斯是早期浪漫主义的代表者,其最著名的曲目是芬兰国歌《我们的国家》。从19世纪后半叶直至第二次世界大战在艺术音乐中占据主流的是后期浪漫主义,特别是民族浪漫主义,其代表人物是让·西贝柳斯。 当20世纪50年代及其同期音乐家开始使用十二音技法、序列主义及其它音乐技巧后,芬兰艺术音乐才真正进入现代主义。在20世纪70年代以奥利斯·萨利宁等创作的带有传统音色的歌剧带动了芬兰歌剧的复兴,但另一方面新一代的作曲家和音乐家也把欧洲激进的现代主义风格带入芬兰。这些在70年代年轻激进的音乐家,如卡伊娅·萨里阿霍和埃萨-佩卡·萨洛宁,后来在80和90年代扬名于世界。 现代流行音乐包括闻名的芬兰重金属音乐,以及一些著名的摇滚和流行乐队、爵士乐音乐家、嘻哈表演家和舞曲创作家。除此之外,芬兰风格的流行乐(iskelmä)和本土风格的探戈音乐也广受欢迎。在1990年代和2000年代著名的芬兰乐队有HIM、夜愿及雷斯魔。 (zh)
  • Фінська музика, або музика Фінляндії, є однією із самобутніх європейських музичних культур. (uk)
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  • Die indigene Musik Finnlands basiert auf der jahrtausendealten Volksliedtradition der Finnen. Seit der Christianisierung des Landes nahm die finnische Musik Impulse gesamteuropäischer Musiktraditionen auf und nahm an deren Entwicklung teil, zunächst in der Sakralmusik, später auch in der Volks- und Kunstmusik. Im 20. Jahrhundert entwickelte sich mit neuen Medien wie Grammophon und Radio eine finnische Populärmusik; heute hat Finnland mehrere auch international erfolgreiche Rock- und Popbands vorzuweisen. (de)
  • De Finse muziek kenmerkt zich door haar vanuit traditie doorgegeven elementen van runenmelodieën, die in een kenmerkende folkloristische stijl op de 3- tot 5-snarige kantele werden begeleid. (nl)
  • Musik i Finland kan grovt delas in i folkmusik, klassisk musik och populärmusik. Finlands nationalsång är Vårt land (eller "Maamme"), skriven av nationalskalden Johan Ludvig Runeberg. (sv)
  • 芬兰音乐是指有史以来由芬兰人创作的音乐。它大致可以分成三类:民族音乐、古典艺术音乐及轻音乐。 具有“芬兰音乐之父”之称的弗雷德里克·帕修斯是早期浪漫主义的代表者,其最著名的曲目是芬兰国歌《我们的国家》。从19世纪后半叶直至第二次世界大战在艺术音乐中占据主流的是后期浪漫主义,特别是民族浪漫主义,其代表人物是让·西贝柳斯。 当20世纪50年代及其同期音乐家开始使用十二音技法、序列主义及其它音乐技巧后,芬兰艺术音乐才真正进入现代主义。在20世纪70年代以奥利斯·萨利宁等创作的带有传统音色的歌剧带动了芬兰歌剧的复兴,但另一方面新一代的作曲家和音乐家也把欧洲激进的现代主义风格带入芬兰。这些在70年代年轻激进的音乐家,如卡伊娅·萨里阿霍和埃萨-佩卡·萨洛宁,后来在80和90年代扬名于世界。 现代流行音乐包括闻名的芬兰重金属音乐,以及一些著名的摇滚和流行乐队、爵士乐音乐家、嘻哈表演家和舞曲创作家。除此之外,芬兰风格的流行乐(iskelmä)和本土风格的探戈音乐也广受欢迎。在1990年代和2000年代著名的芬兰乐队有HIM、夜愿及雷斯魔。 (zh)
  • Фінська музика, або музика Фінляндії, є однією із самобутніх європейських музичних культур. (uk)
  • La musique finlandaise est apparentée aux musiques scandinaves (norvégienne et suédoise) et baltiques (lituanienne, partageant une culture assez proche, mais aussi à la musique russe, en vertu de l'annexion de pays à la Russie au XIXe siècle. La musique classique a trouvé en Sibelius un compositeur attaché aux valeurs nationales ayant pourtant une envergure internationale. La musique contemporaine populaire inclut une scène renommée de rock et de metal, phénomène musical partagé avec les autres pays nordiques, mais aussi un attrait particulier pour le schlager ou le tango. (fr)
  • The music of Finland can be roughly divided into categories of folk music, classical and contemporary art music, and contemporary popular music. The folk music of Finland belongs to a broader musical tradition, that has been common amongst Balto-Finnic people, sung in the so-called Kalevala metre. Though folk songs of the old variety became progressively rarer in western Finland, they remained common in eastern parts of the country, mainly Karelia. After publication of Kalevala, this type of singing started to gain more popularity again. In the west of the country, more mainstream Nordic folk music traditions prevail. The Sami people of northern Finland have their own musical traditions, collectively Sami music. Finnish folk music has undergone a roots revival in the recent decades, and ha (en)
  • A música da Finlândia tem influências nitidamente escandinavas, e o metal sinfônico é muito popular, o piano também é um instrumento popular neste país. Diferentemente de outros países nórdicos, a Finlândia tem um povo com origens fino-úgricas, e não germânicas, o que deu à música folclórica local um distinto toque asiático. Influências estrangeiras posteriores se deram pelos luteranos, no século XVI; e pelos russos, que governaram o país de 1814 a 1917. Na Finlândia, também é comum estilos como o Techno e o Trance fazerem bastante sucesso. (pt)
rdfs:label
  • Finnische Musik (de)
  • Music of Finland (en)
  • Musique finlandaise (fr)
  • Finse muziek (nl)
  • Música da Finlândia (pt)
  • Музыка Финляндии (ru)
  • Фінська музика (uk)
  • Musik i Finland (sv)
  • 芬兰音乐 (zh)
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