George Bernard Shaw (26 July 1856 – 2 November 1950), known at his insistence simply as Bernard Shaw, was an Irish playwright, critic and polemicist whose influence on Western theatre, culture and politics extended from the 1880s to his death and beyond. He wrote more than sixty plays, including major works such as Man and Superman (1902), Pygmalion (1912), and Saint Joan (1923). With a range incorporating both contemporary satire and historical allegory, Shaw became the leading dramatist of his generation, and in 1925 was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature.

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dbo:abstract
  • George Bernard Shaw (26 July 1856 – 2 November 1950), known at his insistence simply as Bernard Shaw, was an Irish playwright, critic and polemicist whose influence on Western theatre, culture and politics extended from the 1880s to his death and beyond. He wrote more than sixty plays, including major works such as Man and Superman (1902), Pygmalion (1912), and Saint Joan (1923). With a range incorporating both contemporary satire and historical allegory, Shaw became the leading dramatist of his generation, and in 1925 was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature. Born in Dublin, Shaw moved to London in 1876, where he struggled to establish himself as a writer and novelist, and embarked on a rigorous process of self-education. By the mid-1880s he had become a respected theatre and music critic. Following a political awakening, he joined the gradualist Fabian Society and became its most prominent pamphleteer. Shaw had been writing plays for years before his first public success, Arms and the Man in 1894. Influenced by Henrik Ibsen, he sought to introduce a new realism into English-language drama, using his plays as vehicles to disseminate his political, social and religious ideas. By the early twentieth century his reputation as a dramatist was secured with a series of critical and popular successes that included Major Barbara, The Doctor's Dilemma and Caesar and Cleopatra. Shaw's expressed views were often contentious; he promoted eugenics and alphabet reform, and opposed vaccination and organised religion. He courted unpopularity by denouncing both sides in the First World War as equally culpable, and although not a republican, castigated British policy on Ireland in the postwar period. These stances had no lasting effect on his standing or productivity as a dramatist; the inter-war years saw a series of often ambitious plays, which achieved varying degrees of popular success. In 1938 he provided the screenplay for a filmed version of Pygmalion, for which he received an Academy Award. His appetite for politics and controversy remained undiminished; by the late 1920s he had largely renounced Fabian gradualism and often wrote and spoke favourably of dictatorships of the right and left—he expressed admiration for both Mussolini and Stalin. In the final decade of his life he made fewer public statements, but continued to write prolifically until shortly before his death, aged 94, having refused all state honours, including the Order of Merit in 1946. Since Shaw's death, scholarly and critical opinion has varied about his works, but he has regularly been rated as second only to William Shakespeare among English-language dramatists; analysts recognise his extensive influence on generations of playwrights. The word "Shavian" has entered the language as encapsulating Shaw's ideas and his means of expressing them. (en)
  • 25بك المحتوى هنا ينقصه الاستشهاد بمصادر. يرجى إيراد مصادر موثوق بها. أي معلومات غير موثقة يمكن التشكيك بها وإزالتها. (أغسطس_2012) جورج برنارد شو (بالإنجليزية: George Bernard Shaw) (ولد 26 يوليو 1856 - توفي 2 نوفمبر 1950)، مؤلف أيرلندي شهير. وُلِد في دبلن، وانتقل إلى لندن حين أصبح في العشرينات. أول نجاحاته كانت في النقد الموسيقي والأدبي، ولكنه انتقل إلى المسرح، وألّف مايزيد عن ستين مسرحية خلال سنين مهنته. أعماله تحتوي على جرعة كوميديا، لكن تقريباً كلها تحمل رسائل اتهامات أمِل برنارد شو أن يحتضنها جمهوره. كان أحد مفكري ومؤسسي الاشتراكية الفابية، كانت تشغله نظرية التطور والوصول إلى السوبرمان وفكريا كان من اللادينيين المتسامحين مع الأديان. يعد أحد أشهر الكتاب المسرحيين في العالم، وهو الوحيد الذي حاز على جائزة نوبل في الأدب للعام 1925 وجائزة الأوسكار لأحسن سيناريو (عن سيناريو بيجماليون) في العام 1938. (ar)
  • George Bernard Shaw (* 26. Juli 1856 in Dublin, Irland; † 2. November 1950 in Ayot Saint Lawrence, England) war ein irischer Dramatiker, Politiker, Satiriker, Musikkritiker und Pazifist, der 1925 den Nobelpreis für Literatur und 1939 den Oscar für das beste adaptierte Drehbuch erhielt. (de)
  • George Bernard Shaw (Dublín, 26 de julio de 1856 – Ayot St. Lawrence, Hertfordshire, 2 de noviembre de 1950) fue un escritor irlandés, ganador del Premio Nobel de literatura en 1925 y del Óscar en 1938. (es)
  • George Bernard Shaw (Dublin, 26 juillet 1856 - Ayot St Lawrence (en), Angleterre, 2 novembre 1950) est un critique musical, dramaturge, essayiste, auteur de pièces de théâtre et scénariste irlandais. Acerbe et provocateur, pacifiste et anticonformiste, il obtient le prix Nobel de littérature en 1925. (fr)
  • George Bernard Shaw (Dublin, 26 juli 1856 – Ayot Saint Lawrence, 2 november 1950) was een Iers toneelschrijver, socialist en theatercriticus. Hij was een vrijdenker, ondersteunde de strijd voor gelijke rechten voor vrouwen en was voorstander van gelijke beloning voor mannen en vrouwen. Tevens was hij overtuigd vegetariër en tegenstander van dierproeven. Hij won de Nobelprijs voor de Literatuur in 1925 – hij accepteerde de eer maar weigerde het geld. In 1939 ontving hij een Oscar voor zijn werk aan het scenario van de film Pygmalion. (nl)
  • ジョージ・バーナード・ショー(George Bernard Shaw, 1856年7月26日 - 1950年11月2日)はアイルランドの文学者、脚本家、劇作家、評論家、政治家、教育家、ジャーナリスト。 ヴィクトリア朝時代から近代にかけて、イギリスやアメリカなど英語圏の国々で多様な功績を残した才人として知られている。 (ja)
  • George Bernard Shaw (ur. 26 lipca 1856 w Dublinie, zm. 2 listopada 1950 w Ayot St Lawrence) – irlandzki dramaturg i prozaik, przedstawiciel dramatu realistycznego. Jako filozof twórca koncepcji tzw. siły życiowej (Life Force) i ewolucji twórczej (Creative Evolution). Indywidualność twórcza, outsider i obcokrajowiec, irlandzki obserwator, żyjący w niezgodzie ze społeczeństwem, które znaczyło dla niego mniej niż ludzie, których znał i lubił (John Matthews). Znany zwłaszcza dzięki sztuce Pigmalion oraz często przywoływanym aforyzmom. George Bernard Shaw jest laureatem Nagrody Nobla w dziedzinie literatury za rok 1925. Z uzasadnienia Komitetu Noblowskiego: za twórczość naznaczoną idealizmem i humanizmem, za przenikliwą satyrę, która często łączy się z wyjątkowym pięknem poetyckim. Jest także zdobywcą Oscara w roku 1938 za "najlepszy scenariusz adaptowany" do filmu Pygmalion, co czyni go pierwszą osobą w historii uhonorowaną Oscarem i Nagrodą Nobla (drugą został Bob Dylan w 2016 r.). (pl)
  • George Bernard Shaw (Dublin, 26 de julho de 1856 — Ayot St Lawrence, 2 de novembro de 1950) foi um dramaturgo, romancista, contista, ensaísta e jornalista irlandês. Cofundador da London School of Economics, foi também o autor de comédias satíricas de espírito irreverente e inconformista. Shaw irritou-se com o que percebeu como a exploração da classe trabalhadora. Socialista ardente, escreveu muitos folhetos e discursos para a Socialismo fabiano. Tornou-se um orador dedicado à promoção de suas causas, que incluem ganhar direitos iguais para homens e mulheres, aliviando os abusos da classe trabalhadora, rescindindo a propriedade privada de terras produtivas e promover estilos de vida saudáveis. Por pouco tempo ele era ativo na política local, servindo no London County Council. Ele é a única pessoa a ter sido premiada tanto um Prêmio Nobel de Literatura (1925) e um Óscar (1938), por suas contribuições para a literatura e para o seu trabalho no filme Pygmalion (adaptação de sua peça de mesmo nome), respectivamente. Shaw quis recusar o Prémio Nobel diretamente, pois ele não tinha desejo de honrarias públicas, mas aceitou-o a mando de sua esposa: ela considerou uma homenagem à Irlanda. Ele fez rejeitar o prêmio em dinheiro, pedindo-lhe ser utilizado para financiar tradução de livros suecos para o Inglês. (pt)
  • Джордж Бе́рнард Шо́у (англ. George Bernard Shaw; 26 июля 1856, Дублин, Ирландия — 2 ноября 1950, Хартфордшир, Англия) — выдающийся английский драматург и романист ирландского происхождения, лауреат Нобелевской премии в области литературы и один из наиболее известных ирландских литературных деятелей.Общественный деятель (социалист-фабианец, сторонник реформы английской письменности). Один из основателей Лондонской школы экономики и политических наук. Второй (после Шекспира) по популярности драматург в английском театре. Один из двух человек в истории (второй - Боб Дилан), удостоенный и Нобелевской премии в области литературы (1925, «За творчество, отмеченное идеализмом и гуманизмом, за искромётную сатиру, которая часто сочетается с исключительной поэтической красотой»), и премии «Оскар» (1939, за сценарий фильма «Пигмалион»). Активный пропагандист вегетарианства. (ru)
  • 蕭伯纳(George Bernard Shaw,1856年7月26日-1950年11月2日),直譯為喬治·伯纳德·蕭,英国/爱尔兰剧作家和伦敦政治经济学院的联合创始人。早年靠写作音乐和文学评论谋生,后来因为写作戏剧而出名。萧伯纳一生写过超过60部戏剧,擅长以黑色幽默的形式来揭露社会问题。1925年「因為作品具有理想主義和人道主義」而獲諾貝爾文學獎,Alan Lerner曾改編其喜劇作品《賣花女》(Pygmalion)成音樂劇《窈窕淑女》(My Fair Lady),該音樂劇又改編為好萊塢同名賣座電影而家喻戶曉。 (zh)
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  • 1856-07-26 (xsd:date)
  • 1856-7-26
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  • 1950-11-02 (xsd:date)
  • 1950-11-2
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  • 0789737
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  • 12855 (xsd:integer)
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  • left
  • right
dbp:alt
  • Middle aged man with greying hair and full beard
dbp:bgcolor
  • #E0E6F8
dbp:caption
  • Shaw in 1911, by Alvin Langdon Coburn
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  • 467 (xsd:integer)
dbp:name
  • Bernard Shaw
  • George Bernard Shaw
dbp:nationality
  • British
  • Irish
dbp:occupation
  • Playwright, critic, political activist
dbp:quote
  • ;1900–09 ;Full-length plays *The Admirable Bashville *Man and Superman *John Bull's Other Island *Major Barbara *The Doctor's Dilemma *Getting Married *Misalliance Short plays *How He Lied to Her Husband *Passion, Poison, and Petrifaction *The Shewing-Up of Blanco Posnet *Press Cuttings *The Fascinating Foundling *The Glimpse of Reality
  • 1890.0
  • ;1920–50 ;Full length plays * Saint Joan * The Apple Cart * Too True to Be Good * On the Rocks * The Simpleton of the Unexpected Isles * The Millionairess * Geneva * In Good King Charles's Golden Days * Buoyant Billions ;Short plays * A Village Wooing * The Six of Calais * Cymbeline Refinished * Farfetched Fables * Shakes versus Shav * Why She Would Not
  • "We the undersigned are recent visitors to the USSR ... We desire to record that we saw nowhere evidence of economic slavery, privation, unemployment and cynical despair of betterment. ... Everywhere we saw [a] hopeful and enthusiastic working-class ... setting an example of industry and conduct which would greatly enrich us if our systems supplied our workers with any incentive to follow it."
  • "The rest of Shaw's life was quiet and solitary. The loss of his wife was more profoundly felt than he had ever imagined any loss could be: for he prided himself on a stoical fortitude in all loss and misfortune."
  • ;1910–19 ;Full–length plays *Fanny's First Play *Androcles and the Lion *Pygmalion *Heartbreak House ;Short plays *The Dark Lady of the Sonnets *Overruled *The Music Cure *Great Catherine *The Inca of Perusalem *O'Flaherty V.C. *Augustus Does His Bit *Annajanska, the Bolshevik Empress
  • Shaw was a poseur and a puritan; he was similarly a bourgeois and an antibourgeois writer, working for Hearst and posterity; his didacticism is entertaining and his pranks are purposeful; he supports socialism and is tempted by fascism.
  • "The most striking result of our present system of farming out the national Land and capital to private individuals has been the division of society into hostile classes, with large appetites and no dinners at one extreme, and large dinners and no appetites at the other"
  • Shaw, arguably the most important English-language playwright after Shakespeare, produced an immense oeuvre, of which at least half a dozen plays remain part of the world repertoire.... Academically unfashionable, of limited influence even in areas such as Irish drama and British political theatre where influence might be expected, Shaw's unique and unmistakable plays keep escaping from the safely dated category of period piece to which they have often been consigned.
  • "I see the Junkers and Militarists of England and Germany jumping at the chance they have longed for in vain for many years of smashing one another and establishing their own oligarchy as the dominant military power of the world."
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  • left
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  • --03-02
  • Leonard Feinberg, The Satirist
  • Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre
  • Shaw, Fabian Tract No. 2: A Manifesto .
  • Shaw: Common Sense About the War .
  • St John Ervine on Shaw, 1959
dbp:title
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  • 300 (xsd:integer)
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  • 1923-12-24 (xsd:date)
dct:description
  • Irish playwright (en)
dct:subject
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • George Bernard Shaw (* 26. Juli 1856 in Dublin, Irland; † 2. November 1950 in Ayot Saint Lawrence, England) war ein irischer Dramatiker, Politiker, Satiriker, Musikkritiker und Pazifist, der 1925 den Nobelpreis für Literatur und 1939 den Oscar für das beste adaptierte Drehbuch erhielt. (de)
  • George Bernard Shaw (Dublín, 26 de julio de 1856 – Ayot St. Lawrence, Hertfordshire, 2 de noviembre de 1950) fue un escritor irlandés, ganador del Premio Nobel de literatura en 1925 y del Óscar en 1938. (es)
  • George Bernard Shaw (Dublin, 26 juillet 1856 - Ayot St Lawrence (en), Angleterre, 2 novembre 1950) est un critique musical, dramaturge, essayiste, auteur de pièces de théâtre et scénariste irlandais. Acerbe et provocateur, pacifiste et anticonformiste, il obtient le prix Nobel de littérature en 1925. (fr)
  • George Bernard Shaw (Dublin, 26 juli 1856 – Ayot Saint Lawrence, 2 november 1950) was een Iers toneelschrijver, socialist en theatercriticus. Hij was een vrijdenker, ondersteunde de strijd voor gelijke rechten voor vrouwen en was voorstander van gelijke beloning voor mannen en vrouwen. Tevens was hij overtuigd vegetariër en tegenstander van dierproeven. Hij won de Nobelprijs voor de Literatuur in 1925 – hij accepteerde de eer maar weigerde het geld. In 1939 ontving hij een Oscar voor zijn werk aan het scenario van de film Pygmalion. (nl)
  • ジョージ・バーナード・ショー(George Bernard Shaw, 1856年7月26日 - 1950年11月2日)はアイルランドの文学者、脚本家、劇作家、評論家、政治家、教育家、ジャーナリスト。 ヴィクトリア朝時代から近代にかけて、イギリスやアメリカなど英語圏の国々で多様な功績を残した才人として知られている。 (ja)
  • 蕭伯纳(George Bernard Shaw,1856年7月26日-1950年11月2日),直譯為喬治·伯纳德·蕭,英国/爱尔兰剧作家和伦敦政治经济学院的联合创始人。早年靠写作音乐和文学评论谋生,后来因为写作戏剧而出名。萧伯纳一生写过超过60部戏剧,擅长以黑色幽默的形式来揭露社会问题。1925年「因為作品具有理想主義和人道主義」而獲諾貝爾文學獎,Alan Lerner曾改編其喜劇作品《賣花女》(Pygmalion)成音樂劇《窈窕淑女》(My Fair Lady),該音樂劇又改編為好萊塢同名賣座電影而家喻戶曉。 (zh)
  • George Bernard Shaw (26 July 1856 – 2 November 1950), known at his insistence simply as Bernard Shaw, was an Irish playwright, critic and polemicist whose influence on Western theatre, culture and politics extended from the 1880s to his death and beyond. He wrote more than sixty plays, including major works such as Man and Superman (1902), Pygmalion (1912), and Saint Joan (1923). With a range incorporating both contemporary satire and historical allegory, Shaw became the leading dramatist of his generation, and in 1925 was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature. (en)
  • 25بك المحتوى هنا ينقصه الاستشهاد بمصادر. يرجى إيراد مصادر موثوق بها. أي معلومات غير موثقة يمكن التشكيك بها وإزالتها. (أغسطس_2012) جورج برنارد شو (بالإنجليزية: George Bernard Shaw) (ولد 26 يوليو 1856 - توفي 2 نوفمبر 1950)، مؤلف أيرلندي شهير. وُلِد في دبلن، وانتقل إلى لندن حين أصبح في العشرينات. أول نجاحاته كانت في النقد الموسيقي والأدبي، ولكنه انتقل إلى المسرح، وألّف مايزيد عن ستين مسرحية خلال سنين مهنته. أعماله تحتوي على جرعة كوميديا، لكن تقريباً كلها تحمل رسائل اتهامات أمِل برنارد شو أن يحتضنها جمهوره. (ar)
  • George Bernard Shaw (ur. 26 lipca 1856 w Dublinie, zm. 2 listopada 1950 w Ayot St Lawrence) – irlandzki dramaturg i prozaik, przedstawiciel dramatu realistycznego. Jako filozof twórca koncepcji tzw. siły życiowej (Life Force) i ewolucji twórczej (Creative Evolution). Indywidualność twórcza, outsider i obcokrajowiec, irlandzki obserwator, żyjący w niezgodzie ze społeczeństwem, które znaczyło dla niego mniej niż ludzie, których znał i lubił (John Matthews). Znany zwłaszcza dzięki sztuce Pigmalion oraz często przywoływanym aforyzmom. (pl)
  • George Bernard Shaw (Dublin, 26 de julho de 1856 — Ayot St Lawrence, 2 de novembro de 1950) foi um dramaturgo, romancista, contista, ensaísta e jornalista irlandês. Cofundador da London School of Economics, foi também o autor de comédias satíricas de espírito irreverente e inconformista. (pt)
  • Джордж Бе́рнард Шо́у (англ. George Bernard Shaw; 26 июля 1856, Дублин, Ирландия — 2 ноября 1950, Хартфордшир, Англия) — выдающийся английский драматург и романист ирландского происхождения, лауреат Нобелевской премии в области литературы и один из наиболее известных ирландских литературных деятелей.Общественный деятель (социалист-фабианец, сторонник реформы английской письменности). Один из основателей Лондонской школы экономики и политических наук. Второй (после Шекспира) по популярности драматург в английском театре. (ru)
rdfs:label
  • George Bernard Shaw (en)
  • جورج برنارد شو (ar)
  • George Bernard Shaw (de)
  • George Bernard Shaw (es)
  • George Bernard Shaw (fr)
  • George Bernard Shaw (it)
  • ジョージ・バーナード・ショー (ja)
  • George Bernard Shaw (nl)
  • George Bernard Shaw (pl)
  • George Bernard Shaw (pt)
  • Шоу, Джордж Бернард (ru)
  • 萧伯纳 (zh)
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