The First Australian Imperial Force (1st AIF) was the main expeditionary force of the Australian Army during World War I. It was formed as the Australian Imperial Force (the AIF) on 15 August 1914, following Britain's declaration of war on Germany, initially with a strength of one infantry division and one light horse brigade. The infantry division subsequently fought at Gallipoli between April and December 1915, being reinforced by a second division which was later raised, as well as three light horse brigades. After being evacuated to Egypt the AIF was expanded to five infantry divisions, which were committed to the fighting in France and Belgium along the Western Front in March 1916. A sixth infantry division was partially raised in 1917 in the United Kingdom, but was broken up and used

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dbo:abstract
  • The First Australian Imperial Force (1st AIF) was the main expeditionary force of the Australian Army during World War I. It was formed as the Australian Imperial Force (the AIF) on 15 August 1914, following Britain's declaration of war on Germany, initially with a strength of one infantry division and one light horse brigade. The infantry division subsequently fought at Gallipoli between April and December 1915, being reinforced by a second division which was later raised, as well as three light horse brigades. After being evacuated to Egypt the AIF was expanded to five infantry divisions, which were committed to the fighting in France and Belgium along the Western Front in March 1916. A sixth infantry division was partially raised in 1917 in the United Kingdom, but was broken up and used as reinforcements following heavy casualties on the Western Front. Meanwhile, two mounted divisions remained in the Middle East to fight against Turkish forces in the Sinai and Palestine. An all volunteer force, by the end of the war the AIF had gained a reputation as being a well-trained and highly effective military force, playing a significant role in the final Allied victory. However, this reputation came at a heavy cost with a casualty rate among the highest of any belligerent for the war. The AIF included the Australian Flying Corps (AFC), which consisted of four combat and four training squadrons that were deployed to the United Kingdom, the Western Front and the Middle East throughout the war. After the war, the AFC evolved into the Royal Australian Air Force; the remainder of the 1st AIF was disbanded between 1919 and 1921. After the war the achievements of the AIF and its soldiers, known colloquially as "Diggers", became central to the national mythology of the "Anzac legend". Generally known at the time as the AIF, it is today referred to as the 1st AIF to distinguish it from the Second Australian Imperial Force raised during World War II. (en)
  • La première force impériale australienne (en anglais, « First Australian Imperial force »), ainsi abrégée en « 1st AIF » ou « 1re AIF », était le principal corps expéditionnaire australien pendant la Première Guerre mondiale. Il fut constitué le 15 août 1914 à la suite de la déclaration de guerre de la Grande-Bretagne à l’Allemagne. Connue à cette époque sous le nom de « force impériale australienne » (an anglais, « Australian Imperial force », abrégée en » AIF »), elle fut par la suite renommée 1re AIF pour la différencier de la 2e AIF, qui servit pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale. L’« Australian Flying Corps » faisait partie de l’AIF avant de constituer la Royal Australian Air Force. (fr)
  • De First Australian Imperial Force (1st AIF) was het eerste expeditieleger van de tijdens de Eerste Wereldoorlog. Het werd gevormd op 15 augustus 1914, na Brittannië's oorlogsverklaring aan Duitsland. Aanvankelijk had het leger een infanterie divise en een brigade. De infanterie divisie vocht vervolgens veel bij Gallipoli tussen april en december 1915, versterkt door een tweede divisie die later werd opgericht, samen met drie light horse brigades. Na een evacuatie naar Egypte werd de AIF uitgebreid tot vijf infanterie divisies die werden ingezet om te vechten in Frankrijk en België langs het westfront in maart 1916. Een zesde infanterie divisie werd gedeeltelijk opgericht in 1917 in het Verenigd Koninkrijk, maar werd opgeheven en gebruikt als versterkingen na zware verliezen op het westfront. (nl)
  • 1 Australijskie Siły Imperialne (ang. First Australian Imperial Force, 1st AIF) – główne siły ekspedycyjne Armii Australijskiej, podczas I wojny światowej, formowane od 15 sierpnia 1914, kiedy Wielka Brytania ogłosiła deklarację przystąpienia do wojny. Do Pierwszych Zbrojnych Sił Imperialnych Australii należało również lotnictwo australijskie - RAAF. 1 kwietnia 1921, jednostka została rozwiązana. (pl)
  • A Primeira Força Imperial Australiana (em inglês: First Australian Imperial Force, cuja sigla é 1st AIF) foi a principal força expedicionária do Exército Australiano durante a Primeira Guerra Mundial. Foi formada em 15 de agosto de 1914, seguindo a declaração da Grã-Bretanha de guerra à Alemanha. Conhecida na época como FIA, esta unidade militar incluiu o primeiro Flying Corps australiano, que foi rebatizado mais tarde de Força Aérea Real Australiana. (pt)
  • Австралийские имперские силы (АИС) (англ. Australian Imperial Force (AIF) — экспедиционные войска Австралийской армии периода Первой мировой войны. Были созданы 15 августа 1914 года вслед за британским объявлением войны Германской империи. В состав АИС входил Австралийский авиакорпус, впоследствии переименованный в Королевские военно-воздушные силы Австралии. (ru)
dbo:activeYearsEndYear
  • 1921-01-01 (xsd:date)
dbo:activeYearsStartYear
  • 1914-01-01 (xsd:date)
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  • 331,781 men (total)
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  • Expeditionary warfare
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  • 977369576 (xsd:integer)
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dbp:alt
  • Black and white photo of six men wearing military uniform seated on a muddy slope in France, December 1916. Unidentified members of the Australian 5th Division, enjoying a "smoko" near Mametz, on the Somme. Some are wearing slouch hats, steel helmets, sheepskin jackets and woollen gloves, demonstrating both the variety of official battledress, and how it was modified and augmented, for local conditions. (en)
dbp:battles
dbp:branch
dbp:caption
  • France, December 1916. Unidentified members of the Australian 5th Division, enjoying a "smoko" near Mametz, on the Somme. Some are wearing slouch hats, steel helmets, sheepskin jackets and woollen gloves, demonstrating both the variety of official battledress, and how it was modified and augmented, for local conditions. (en)
dbp:country
  • Australia (en)
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  • 1914 (xsd:integer)
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  • 300 (xsd:integer)
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  • 1 (xsd:integer)
dbp:notableCommanders
  • General William Birdwood (en)
  • Lieutenant General John Monash (en)
  • Major General William Bridges (en)
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  • 331781 (xsd:integer)
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  • First Australian Imperial Force (en)
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rdfs:comment
  • La première force impériale australienne (en anglais, « First Australian Imperial force »), ainsi abrégée en « 1st AIF » ou « 1re AIF », était le principal corps expéditionnaire australien pendant la Première Guerre mondiale. Il fut constitué le 15 août 1914 à la suite de la déclaration de guerre de la Grande-Bretagne à l’Allemagne. Connue à cette époque sous le nom de « force impériale australienne » (an anglais, « Australian Imperial force », abrégée en » AIF »), elle fut par la suite renommée 1re AIF pour la différencier de la 2e AIF, qui servit pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale. L’« Australian Flying Corps » faisait partie de l’AIF avant de constituer la Royal Australian Air Force. (fr)
  • 1 Australijskie Siły Imperialne (ang. First Australian Imperial Force, 1st AIF) – główne siły ekspedycyjne Armii Australijskiej, podczas I wojny światowej, formowane od 15 sierpnia 1914, kiedy Wielka Brytania ogłosiła deklarację przystąpienia do wojny. Do Pierwszych Zbrojnych Sił Imperialnych Australii należało również lotnictwo australijskie - RAAF. 1 kwietnia 1921, jednostka została rozwiązana. (pl)
  • A Primeira Força Imperial Australiana (em inglês: First Australian Imperial Force, cuja sigla é 1st AIF) foi a principal força expedicionária do Exército Australiano durante a Primeira Guerra Mundial. Foi formada em 15 de agosto de 1914, seguindo a declaração da Grã-Bretanha de guerra à Alemanha. Conhecida na época como FIA, esta unidade militar incluiu o primeiro Flying Corps australiano, que foi rebatizado mais tarde de Força Aérea Real Australiana. (pt)
  • Австралийские имперские силы (АИС) (англ. Australian Imperial Force (AIF) — экспедиционные войска Австралийской армии периода Первой мировой войны. Были созданы 15 августа 1914 года вслед за британским объявлением войны Германской империи. В состав АИС входил Австралийский авиакорпус, впоследствии переименованный в Королевские военно-воздушные силы Австралии. (ru)
  • The First Australian Imperial Force (1st AIF) was the main expeditionary force of the Australian Army during World War I. It was formed as the Australian Imperial Force (the AIF) on 15 August 1914, following Britain's declaration of war on Germany, initially with a strength of one infantry division and one light horse brigade. The infantry division subsequently fought at Gallipoli between April and December 1915, being reinforced by a second division which was later raised, as well as three light horse brigades. After being evacuated to Egypt the AIF was expanded to five infantry divisions, which were committed to the fighting in France and Belgium along the Western Front in March 1916. A sixth infantry division was partially raised in 1917 in the United Kingdom, but was broken up and used (en)
  • De First Australian Imperial Force (1st AIF) was het eerste expeditieleger van de tijdens de Eerste Wereldoorlog. Het werd gevormd op 15 augustus 1914, na Brittannië's oorlogsverklaring aan Duitsland. Aanvankelijk had het leger een infanterie divise en een brigade. De infanterie divisie vocht vervolgens veel bij Gallipoli tussen april en december 1915, versterkt door een tweede divisie die later werd opgericht, samen met drie light horse brigades. Na een evacuatie naar Egypte werd de AIF uitgebreid tot vijf infanterie divisies die werden ingezet om te vechten in Frankrijk en België langs het westfront in maart 1916. Een zesde infanterie divisie werd gedeeltelijk opgericht in 1917 in het Verenigd Koninkrijk, maar werd opgeheven en gebruikt als versterkingen na zware verliezen op het westf (nl)
rdfs:label
  • First Australian Imperial Force (en)
  • Première force impériale australienne (fr)
  • First Australian Imperial Force (nl)
  • 1 Australijskie Siły Imperialne (pl)
  • Primeira Força Imperial Australiana (pt)
  • Австралийские имперские силы (Первая мировая война) (ru)
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  • First Australian Imperial Force (en)
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  • 1st AIF (en)
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