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A private member's bill in a parliamentary system of government is a bill (proposed law) introduced into a legislature by a legislator who is not acting on behalf of the executive branch. The designation "private member's bill" is used in most Westminster system jurisdictions, in which a "private member" is any member of parliament (MP) who is not a member of the cabinet (executive). Other labels may be used for the concept in other parliamentary systems; for example, the label member's bill is used in the Scottish Parliament and the New Zealand Parliament, and the term private senator's bill is used in the Australian Senate. In presidential systems with a separation of the executive from the legislature, the concept does not arise since the executive cannot initiate legislation, and bills

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  • A private member's bill in a parliamentary system of government is a bill (proposed law) introduced into a legislature by a legislator who is not acting on behalf of the executive branch. The designation "private member's bill" is used in most Westminster system jurisdictions, in which a "private member" is any member of parliament (MP) who is not a member of the cabinet (executive). Other labels may be used for the concept in other parliamentary systems; for example, the label member's bill is used in the Scottish Parliament and the New Zealand Parliament, and the term private senator's bill is used in the Australian Senate. In presidential systems with a separation of the executive from the legislature, the concept does not arise since the executive cannot initiate legislation, and bills are introduced by individual legislators (or sometimes by popular initiative). In the Westminster system, most bills are "government bills" introduced by the executive, with private members' bills the exception; however, some time is set aside in the schedule for reading such bills. They may be introduced by non-ministerial MPs from government-supporting parties (backbenchers), by members of opposition parties (frontbencher or backbencher), or by independents or crossbenchers. The United Kingdom parliament has a long history of enacting private members' bills. In contrast, the Oireachtas (parliament) of the Republic of Ireland rarely passes private members' bills, with the overwhelming number of bills being passed being introduced by members of the cabinet. A private member's bill is not to be confused with a private bill, which is a bill that only affects an individual citizen or group. (en)
  • 私人草案(Private member's bill)在英國議會體制是指由議員主動提出的法案,以區別於由政府提出的法案(government bill)。在西敏制中,大多數法案是由行政部門提出的“政府法案”,然而預留了一些時間給私人草案。在英國議會有制定私人草案的悠久歷史。相比之下,愛爾蘭共和國的議會很少通過私人草案,絕大多數通過的法案都是由內閣成員提出的。 (zh)
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  • 1055906472 (xsd:integer)
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  • yes (en)
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  • July 2020 (en)
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  • 私人草案(Private member's bill)在英國議會體制是指由議員主動提出的法案,以區別於由政府提出的法案(government bill)。在西敏制中,大多數法案是由行政部門提出的“政府法案”,然而預留了一些時間給私人草案。在英國議會有制定私人草案的悠久歷史。相比之下,愛爾蘭共和國的議會很少通過私人草案,絕大多數通過的法案都是由內閣成員提出的。 (zh)
  • A private member's bill in a parliamentary system of government is a bill (proposed law) introduced into a legislature by a legislator who is not acting on behalf of the executive branch. The designation "private member's bill" is used in most Westminster system jurisdictions, in which a "private member" is any member of parliament (MP) who is not a member of the cabinet (executive). Other labels may be used for the concept in other parliamentary systems; for example, the label member's bill is used in the Scottish Parliament and the New Zealand Parliament, and the term private senator's bill is used in the Australian Senate. In presidential systems with a separation of the executive from the legislature, the concept does not arise since the executive cannot initiate legislation, and bills (en)
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  • Private member's bill (en)
  • 私人草案 (zh)
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