The National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) is a United States environmental law that promotes the enhancement of the environment and established the President's Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ). The law was enacted on January 1, 1970. To date, more than 100 nations around the world have enacted national environmental policies modeled after NEPA.

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  • The National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) is a United States environmental law that promotes the enhancement of the environment and established the President's Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ). The law was enacted on January 1, 1970. To date, more than 100 nations around the world have enacted national environmental policies modeled after NEPA. Prior to NEPA, Federal agencies were mission oriented. An example of mission orientation was to select highway routes as the shortest route between two points. NEPA was necessary to require Federal agencies to evaluate the environmental effects of their actions. NEPA's most significant outcome was the requirement that all executive Federal agencies prepare environmental assessments (EAs) and environmental impact statements (EISs). These reports state the potential environmental effects of proposed Federal agency actions. Further the U.S. Congress recognizes that each person has a responsibility to preserve and enhance the environment as trustees for succeeding generations. NEPA's procedural requirements do not apply to the President, Congress, or the Federal courts since they are not a "Federal agency" by definition. However, a Federal agency taking action under authority ordered by the President may be a final agency action subject to NEPA's procedural requirements. A U.S. District Court describes the need for even the President to have the NEPA analysis information before making a decision as follows: "No agency possesses discretion whether to comply with procedural requirements such as NEPA. The relevant information provided by a NEPA analysis needs to be available to the public and the people who play a role in the decision-making process. This process includes the President." "And Congress has not delegated to the President the decision as to the route of any pipeline." (en)
  • La loi nationale sur l'environnement, en anglais National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), est une loi de politique environnementale aux États-Unis qui encourage la protection de l’environnement et déclare la création du (en) (CEQ). Adoptée en 1969, cette loi est entrée en vigueur le 1er janvier 1970. Le NEPA est parfois appelé « environmental Magna Carta », car c'est le premier texte législatif pour une politique écologique aux États-Unis. C'est surtout le texte fondateur des « études d'impact » (sur l'environnement au départ), qui a inspiré la législation française avec l'article 2 de la loi de 1976 pour la protection de la nature, puis la législation de l'Union européenne et progressivement la plupart des législations nationales. (fr)
  • Закон о национальной политике в области окружающей среды (National Environmental Policy Act, NEPA) — один из законодательных актов США в сфере охраны окружающей среды, утвержденный (). Был принят 1 января 1970 года. Данный закон — один из первых шагов в развитии экологической политики США, который также называют как "экологическая хартия вольностей". Наиболее важным результатом принятия данного закона стало требование подготовки исполнительными органами власти оценки воздействия на окружающую среду (ОВОС) и . Эти отчеты предполагают оценку потенциальных экологических последствий деятельности государства. Данный закон не распространяется на Президента, Конгресс и федеральных судей. (ru)
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  • NEPA (en)
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  • Office of the Federal Register (en)
  • Office of the Law Revision Counsel (en)
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  • --07-03
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  • National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (en)
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  • S. 1075 (en)
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  • Henry M. Jackson (en)
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  • Senate (en)
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  • National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (en)
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  • House of Representatives (en)
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  • 1969-12-20 (xsd:date)
  • 1969-12-23 (xsd:date)
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  • et seq. (en)
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  • The National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) is a United States environmental law that promotes the enhancement of the environment and established the President's Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ). The law was enacted on January 1, 1970. To date, more than 100 nations around the world have enacted national environmental policies modeled after NEPA. (en)
  • La loi nationale sur l'environnement, en anglais National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), est une loi de politique environnementale aux États-Unis qui encourage la protection de l’environnement et déclare la création du (en) (CEQ). Adoptée en 1969, cette loi est entrée en vigueur le 1er janvier 1970. Le NEPA est parfois appelé « environmental Magna Carta », car c'est le premier texte législatif pour une politique écologique aux États-Unis. (fr)
  • Закон о национальной политике в области окружающей среды (National Environmental Policy Act, NEPA) — один из законодательных актов США в сфере охраны окружающей среды, утвержденный (). Был принят 1 января 1970 года. Данный закон — один из первых шагов в развитии экологической политики США, который также называют как "экологическая хартия вольностей". (ru)
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  • National Environmental Policy Act (en)
  • Loi nationale sur l'environnement (fr)
  • Закон о национальной политике в области окружающей среды (ru)
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