The Bell System was the system of companies, led by the Bell Telephone Company and later by AT&T, that dominated the telephone services industry in North America for 100 years from its creation in 1877 until its demise in the early 1980s. The system of companies was often colloquially called Ma Bell (as in "Mother Bell"), as it held a near-complete monopoly over telephone service in most areas of the United States and Canada. At the time of its breakup in the early 1980s, the Bell System had assets of $150 billion (equivalent to $370 billion in 2019) and employed over one million people.

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dbo:abstract
  • كان نظام بيل أو نظام الجرس نظام الشركات، بقيادة ، وبعد ذلك من قبل التليفون والتلغراف الأمريكي،والتي قدمت خدمات الهاتف إلى الكثير من الولايات المتحدة وكندا من 1877 حتي 1984، في أوقات مختلفة واحتكار. في 31 ديسمبر 1983، تم تقسيم النظام إلى شركات مستقلة من قبل ولاية وزارة العدل الأمريكية. هذه بذرة مقالة عن الولايات المتحدة بحاجة للتوسيع. شارك في تحريرها. في كومنز صور وملفات عن: نظام بيل * بوابة كندا * بوابة شركات * بوابة اتصال عن بعد * بوابة الولايات المتحدة (ar)
  • Bell System adalah suatu sistem perusahaan, yang dipimpin oleh dan kemudian dilanjutkan oleh AT&T. Perusahaan ini menyediakan layanan telepon ke sebagian besar wilayah di Kanada dan Amerika Serikat dari tahun 1877 hingga 1984, dengan sistem monopoli pada tahun yang bervariasi. Pada tanggal 31 Desember 1983, sistem ini dibagi menjadi perusahaan-perusahaan independen oleh . Setelah menerima paten untuk penemuan telepon pada 7 Maret 1876, Alexander Graham Bell membentuk Bell Telephone Company pada 1877, yang pada 1885 menjadi AT&T. (in)
  • The Bell System was the system of companies, led by the Bell Telephone Company and later by AT&T, that dominated the telephone services industry in North America for 100 years from its creation in 1877 until its demise in the early 1980s. The system of companies was often colloquially called Ma Bell (as in "Mother Bell"), as it held a near-complete monopoly over telephone service in most areas of the United States and Canada. At the time of its breakup in the early 1980s, the Bell System had assets of $150 billion (equivalent to $370 billion in 2019) and employed over one million people. In the early 1970s, American antitrust regulators became suspicious that Bell was abusing its monopoly power, and in 1974 the Antitrust Division of the U.S. Department of Justice brought a lawsuit against Bell claiming violations of the Sherman Act. In 1982, feeling that it could not win, Bell agreed to a Justice Department-mandated consent decree that settled the lawsuit and ordered it to break itself up into seven "Regional Bell Operating Companies" (known as "The Little Baby Bells"), which it did in 1984, ending the original company's existence. These "Baby Bells" are now independent companies, and several of them are very large corporations in their own right, such as AT&T, Verizon Communications, and CenturyLink. (en)
  • Bell System, ursprungligen American Bell Telephone Company och senare AT&T, ett samlingsnamn för telefonverksamhet i USA, men också ett samlingsbegrepp för företagsgruppen AT&T, Bell Labs, Western Electric och Bell-bolagen. Bell System, där AT&T var moderbolag, var den helt dominerande teleoperatören i Nordamerika fram till 1984 då den tvingades att delas upp i enskilda, oberoende bolag. (sv)
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  • كان نظام بيل أو نظام الجرس نظام الشركات، بقيادة ، وبعد ذلك من قبل التليفون والتلغراف الأمريكي،والتي قدمت خدمات الهاتف إلى الكثير من الولايات المتحدة وكندا من 1877 حتي 1984، في أوقات مختلفة واحتكار. في 31 ديسمبر 1983، تم تقسيم النظام إلى شركات مستقلة من قبل ولاية وزارة العدل الأمريكية. هذه بذرة مقالة عن الولايات المتحدة بحاجة للتوسيع. شارك في تحريرها. في كومنز صور وملفات عن: نظام بيل * بوابة كندا * بوابة شركات * بوابة اتصال عن بعد * بوابة الولايات المتحدة (ar)
  • Bell System adalah suatu sistem perusahaan, yang dipimpin oleh dan kemudian dilanjutkan oleh AT&T. Perusahaan ini menyediakan layanan telepon ke sebagian besar wilayah di Kanada dan Amerika Serikat dari tahun 1877 hingga 1984, dengan sistem monopoli pada tahun yang bervariasi. Pada tanggal 31 Desember 1983, sistem ini dibagi menjadi perusahaan-perusahaan independen oleh . Setelah menerima paten untuk penemuan telepon pada 7 Maret 1876, Alexander Graham Bell membentuk Bell Telephone Company pada 1877, yang pada 1885 menjadi AT&T. (in)
  • Bell System, ursprungligen American Bell Telephone Company och senare AT&T, ett samlingsnamn för telefonverksamhet i USA, men också ett samlingsbegrepp för företagsgruppen AT&T, Bell Labs, Western Electric och Bell-bolagen. Bell System, där AT&T var moderbolag, var den helt dominerande teleoperatören i Nordamerika fram till 1984 då den tvingades att delas upp i enskilda, oberoende bolag. (sv)
  • The Bell System was the system of companies, led by the Bell Telephone Company and later by AT&T, that dominated the telephone services industry in North America for 100 years from its creation in 1877 until its demise in the early 1980s. The system of companies was often colloquially called Ma Bell (as in "Mother Bell"), as it held a near-complete monopoly over telephone service in most areas of the United States and Canada. At the time of its breakup in the early 1980s, the Bell System had assets of $150 billion (equivalent to $370 billion in 2019) and employed over one million people. (en)
rdfs:label
  • Bell System (en)
  • نظام بيل (ar)
  • Bell System (in)
  • Bell System (sv)
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