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In linguistics, the aspect of a verb is a grammatical category that defines the temporal flow (or lack thereof) in a given action, event, or state. As its name suggests, the habitual aspect (abbreviated HAB), not to be confused with iterative aspect or frequentative aspect, specifies an action as occurring habitually: the subject performs the action usually, ordinarily, or customarily. As such, the habitual aspect provides structural information on the nature of the subject referent, "John smokes" being interpretable as "John is a smoker", "Enjoh habitually gets up early in the morning" as "Enjoh is an early bird". The habitual aspect is a type of imperfective aspect, which does not depict an event as a single entity viewed only as a whole but instead specifies something about its internal

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  • Habitual (auch: Habitualis, Habituell, Habituativ) bezeichnet eine Aktionsart bzw. einen Aspekt des Verbs, die eine gewohnheitsmäßige Handlung beschreibt. Der Habitual kann auf verschiedene Arten zum Ausdruck gebracht werden, z. B. durch ein Hilfsverb oder eine spezielle Verbform: * Deutsch: er pflegte zu gehen * Englisch: he used to go „er ging gewöhnlich/normalerweise“ * Latein: fact-it-are „gewöhnlich machen, gewerbsmäßig betreiben“ * Hausa: yakàn tàfi „er geht/ging gewöhnlich“ Der Habitual kann als Unterkategorie der durativen Aktionsart bzw. des imperfektiven (unvollendeten) Aspekts verstanden werden. In der medizinischen Terminologie steht habituell für „wiederkehrend“ oder „gewohnheitsmäßig“. (de)
  • In linguistics, the aspect of a verb is a grammatical category that defines the temporal flow (or lack thereof) in a given action, event, or state. As its name suggests, the habitual aspect (abbreviated HAB), not to be confused with iterative aspect or frequentative aspect, specifies an action as occurring habitually: the subject performs the action usually, ordinarily, or customarily. As such, the habitual aspect provides structural information on the nature of the subject referent, "John smokes" being interpretable as "John is a smoker", "Enjoh habitually gets up early in the morning" as "Enjoh is an early bird". The habitual aspect is a type of imperfective aspect, which does not depict an event as a single entity viewed only as a whole but instead specifies something about its internal temporal structure. Östen Dahl found that the habitual past, the most common tense context for the habitual, occurred in only seven of 60 languages sampled, including English. Especially in Turkic languages such as Azerbaijani and Turkish, he found that the habitual can occur in combination with the predictive mood. (en)
  • В лингвистике хабитуáлис, или хабитуальный аспект, — это набор грамматических или лексических значений, выражающих регулярное повторение действия или привычность, традиционность состояния. Хабитуальный аспект можно считать частным случаем , и тогда он противопоставляется второй разновидности имперфектива — . Согласно исследованию Эстена Даля специальная грамматическая форма хабитуалиса отмечается в английском, грузинском, шведском, бенгальском и целом ряде других языков. (ru)
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  • В лингвистике хабитуáлис, или хабитуальный аспект, — это набор грамматических или лексических значений, выражающих регулярное повторение действия или привычность, традиционность состояния. Хабитуальный аспект можно считать частным случаем , и тогда он противопоставляется второй разновидности имперфектива — . Согласно исследованию Эстена Даля специальная грамматическая форма хабитуалиса отмечается в английском, грузинском, шведском, бенгальском и целом ряде других языков. (ru)
  • Habitual (auch: Habitualis, Habituell, Habituativ) bezeichnet eine Aktionsart bzw. einen Aspekt des Verbs, die eine gewohnheitsmäßige Handlung beschreibt. Der Habitual kann auf verschiedene Arten zum Ausdruck gebracht werden, z. B. durch ein Hilfsverb oder eine spezielle Verbform: * Deutsch: er pflegte zu gehen * Englisch: he used to go „er ging gewöhnlich/normalerweise“ * Latein: fact-it-are „gewöhnlich machen, gewerbsmäßig betreiben“ * Hausa: yakàn tàfi „er geht/ging gewöhnlich“ In der medizinischen Terminologie steht habituell für „wiederkehrend“ oder „gewohnheitsmäßig“. (de)
  • In linguistics, the aspect of a verb is a grammatical category that defines the temporal flow (or lack thereof) in a given action, event, or state. As its name suggests, the habitual aspect (abbreviated HAB), not to be confused with iterative aspect or frequentative aspect, specifies an action as occurring habitually: the subject performs the action usually, ordinarily, or customarily. As such, the habitual aspect provides structural information on the nature of the subject referent, "John smokes" being interpretable as "John is a smoker", "Enjoh habitually gets up early in the morning" as "Enjoh is an early bird". The habitual aspect is a type of imperfective aspect, which does not depict an event as a single entity viewed only as a whole but instead specifies something about its internal (en)
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  • Habitual (de)
  • Habitual aspect (en)
  • Хабитуалис (ru)
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