About: Firebombing

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Firebombing is a bombing technique designed to damage a target, generally an urban area, through the use of fire, caused by incendiary devices, rather than from the blast effect of large bombs. In popular usage, any act in which an incendiary device is used to initiate a fire is often described as a "firebombing". This article is concerned with aerial incendiary bombing as a military tactic; for non-military (almost always criminal) acts, see arson.

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  • Firebombing is a bombing technique designed to damage a target, generally an urban area, through the use of fire, caused by incendiary devices, rather than from the blast effect of large bombs. In popular usage, any act in which an incendiary device is used to initiate a fire is often described as a "firebombing". This article is concerned with aerial incendiary bombing as a military tactic; for non-military (almost always criminal) acts, see arson. Although simple incendiary bombs have been used to destroy buildings since the start of gunpowder warfare, World War I saw the first use of strategic bombing from the air to damage the morale and economy of the enemy, such as the German Zeppelin air raids conducted on London during the Great War. The Chinese wartime capital of Chongqing was firebombed by the Imperial Japanese starting in early 1939. London, Coventry, and many other British cities were firebombed during the Blitz by Germany. Most large German cities were extensively firebombed starting in 1942, and almost all large Japanese cities were firebombed during the last six months of World War II. This technique makes use of small incendiary bombs (possibly delivered by a cluster bomb such as the Molotov bread basket). If a fire catches, it could spread, taking in adjacent buildings that would have been largely unaffected by a high explosive bomb. This is a more effective use of the payload that a bomber could carry. The use of incendiaries alone does not generally start uncontrollable fires where the targets are roofed with nonflammable materials such as tiles or slates. The use of a mixture of bombers carrying high explosive bombs, such as the British blockbuster bombs, which blew out windows and roofs and exposed the interior of buildings to the incendiary bombs, is much more effective. Alternatively, a preliminary bombing with conventional bombs can be followed by subsequent attacks by incendiary carrying bombers. (en)
  • Firebombing adalah teknik pengeboman yang merusak sasarannya dengan penggunaan api, sasaran yang biasanya diincar dalam sebuah firebombing adalah area urban. Firebombing memiliki efek yang destruktif dalam area kota karena api dapat menyebar dari satu bangunan ke bangunan yang lain, hingga berukuran cukup besar sehingga membentuk badai api. (in)
  • 燃烧弹轰炸是一种军事上的轰炸战术,其设计目的是不通过使用大型炸弹的爆炸效应,而是通过使用燃烧装置引起的火灾来破坏目标,通常燃烧弹轰炸战术是专门针对城市地区。 在常规的战争中,任何使用携带燃烧装置武器所引发的火灾行为通常都被被认为是“燃烧弹轰炸”。这篇条目是关于空中燃烧弹的军事战术;对于非军事(几乎是犯罪)行为,请参见纵火。 从火药战争时代开始,简单制作的燃烧弹则被用来摧毁建筑物。在第一次世界大战中,人们首次使用空中战略轰炸来打击敌人的士气和经济,例如在大战期间,德国对伦敦进行的齐柏林飞艇空袭。从1939年初开始,中国的战时首都重庆就遭到日本帝国的轰炸。在纳粹德国的闪电战中,伦敦、考文垂和许多其他英国城市也遭到了燃烧弹轰炸。从1942年开始,德国大多数城市都遭到了广泛的燃烧弹轰炸,在第二次世界大战的最后六个月里,几乎所有的日本城市也都遭到了燃烧弹轰炸。 这种技术利用了散布小型燃烧弹的作用(可由集束炸弹,如RRAB-3撒布式炸弹来进行作为携带装置)。部分的建筑物可能不会受到高爆炸弹的影响,但如果是由燃烧弹造成的火灾,就可能会蔓延至相邻的建筑物,并对建筑物和人员造成伤害。使用携带装置部属更多的燃烧弹,这也是对轰炸机炸弹携带量的最大化利用。 单独使用燃烧弹通常不会引发无法控制的火灾,其中对打击目标的建筑顶部通常都是采用的不可燃材料,如瓷砖或石板。所以使用携带高爆炸弹(附加燃烧弹)的轰炸机,如英国的重磅炸弹,可以轻易炸毁窗户和屋顶,将建筑物内部暴露在燃烧弹中,这样对打击的效果会更好。通常,一般常规炸弹进行初步轰炸之后,会有携带燃烧弹的轰炸机进行后续轰炸。 (zh)
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  • Firebombing adalah teknik pengeboman yang merusak sasarannya dengan penggunaan api, sasaran yang biasanya diincar dalam sebuah firebombing adalah area urban. Firebombing memiliki efek yang destruktif dalam area kota karena api dapat menyebar dari satu bangunan ke bangunan yang lain, hingga berukuran cukup besar sehingga membentuk badai api. (in)
  • Firebombing is a bombing technique designed to damage a target, generally an urban area, through the use of fire, caused by incendiary devices, rather than from the blast effect of large bombs. In popular usage, any act in which an incendiary device is used to initiate a fire is often described as a "firebombing". This article is concerned with aerial incendiary bombing as a military tactic; for non-military (almost always criminal) acts, see arson. (en)
  • 燃烧弹轰炸是一种军事上的轰炸战术,其设计目的是不通过使用大型炸弹的爆炸效应,而是通过使用燃烧装置引起的火灾来破坏目标,通常燃烧弹轰炸战术是专门针对城市地区。 在常规的战争中,任何使用携带燃烧装置武器所引发的火灾行为通常都被被认为是“燃烧弹轰炸”。这篇条目是关于空中燃烧弹的军事战术;对于非军事(几乎是犯罪)行为,请参见纵火。 从火药战争时代开始,简单制作的燃烧弹则被用来摧毁建筑物。在第一次世界大战中,人们首次使用空中战略轰炸来打击敌人的士气和经济,例如在大战期间,德国对伦敦进行的齐柏林飞艇空袭。从1939年初开始,中国的战时首都重庆就遭到日本帝国的轰炸。在纳粹德国的闪电战中,伦敦、考文垂和许多其他英国城市也遭到了燃烧弹轰炸。从1942年开始,德国大多数城市都遭到了广泛的燃烧弹轰炸,在第二次世界大战的最后六个月里,几乎所有的日本城市也都遭到了燃烧弹轰炸。 这种技术利用了散布小型燃烧弹的作用(可由集束炸弹,如RRAB-3撒布式炸弹来进行作为携带装置)。部分的建筑物可能不会受到高爆炸弹的影响,但如果是由燃烧弹造成的火灾,就可能会蔓延至相邻的建筑物,并对建筑物和人员造成伤害。使用携带装置部属更多的燃烧弹,这也是对轰炸机炸弹携带量的最大化利用。 (zh)
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  • Firebombing (en)
  • Firebombing (in)
  • 燃烧弹轰炸 (zh)
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