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The European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018 also known as the Great Repeal Act is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that provides both for repeal of the European Communities Act 1972, and for parliamentary approval to be required for any withdrawal agreement negotiated between the Government of the United Kingdom and the European Union. The bill's passage through both Houses of Parliament was completed on 20 June 2018 and it became law by Royal Assent on 26 June.

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dbo:abstract
  • The European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018 also known as the Great Repeal Act is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that provides both for repeal of the European Communities Act 1972, and for parliamentary approval to be required for any withdrawal agreement negotiated between the Government of the United Kingdom and the European Union. The bill's passage through both Houses of Parliament was completed on 20 June 2018 and it became law by Royal Assent on 26 June. The Act is to enable "cutting off the source of EU law in the UK ... and remove the competence of EU institutions to legislate for the UK". The 2017–2019 Government of Theresa May regarded it as the most significant constitutional legislation to have been passed by Parliament since the European Communities Act itself in 1972. To provide legal continuity, it enables the transposition of directly-applicable already-existing EU law into UK law, and so "create a new category of domestic law for the United Kingdom: retained EU law". It will also give the government some restricted power to adapt and remove laws that are no longer relevant. It makes future ratification of the withdrawal agreement, as a treaty between the UK and EU, depend upon the prior enactment of another Act of Parliament to approve the final terms of withdrawal when Brexit negotiations are completed. It fixed 21 January 2019 (at the latest) as the day on which the government must decide on how to proceed if the negotiations had not reached agreement in principle, on both the withdrawal arrangements and the framework for the future relationship between the UK and EU, and for parliamentary debate on this Government decision. The Act is one of a number of current and projected pieces of legislation affecting international transactions and control of borders, including movement of goods. The Act came fully into force on Friday 31 January 2020 at 23:00 Greenwich Mean Time, although it was amended by the European Union (Withdrawal Agreement) Act 2020 which saved the effect of the European Communities Act 1972 (ECA 1972) during the implementation period and formally ratified and incorporated the Withdrawal Agreement into domestic law after the United Kingdom formally left the European Union. (en)
  • La Great Repeal Bill est l'instrument par lequel le Royaume-Uni vise à intégrer dans son cadre juridique une large partie de l'acquis communautaire de l'Union européenne. La loi vise particulièrement le droit de l'Union ne nécessitant pas de dispositions d'application nationale, à l'image des règlements. Cette intégration vise à éviter tout vide juridique pouvant apparaitre à la suite de la sortie de la Grande Bretagne de l'Union européenne. La Great Repeal Bill ne s'appliquera qu'une fois le Royaume-Uni hors de l'Union. Cette intégration permettra à Londres d'abroger (repeal) les parties du droit de l'Union européenne intégré jugées incompatibles au regard des nouvelles options décrétées par Londres. En octobre 2016, Theresa May a promis une loi Great Repeal Bill, qui rapatrierait le European Communities Act 1972 et reformulerait dans la loi britannique tous les actes antérieurement en vigueur sous la loi européenne. Cette loi sera introduite en mai 2017, en session parlementaire et actée avant ou au cours de la négociation du Brexit ; elle n'entrera pas en vigueur avant la date de sortie (prévue en mars 2019). Elle devrait permettre une transition adoucie/lissée en assurant que chaque loi ou leur équivalent reste en vigueur jusqu'à ce qu'elle ne soit spécifiquement revue. Le Great Repeal Bill a été mis en avant par le gouvernement comme véhicule majeur de l'implication du Parlement britannique, y compris dans la possibilité d'en faire une alternative au vote sur l'accord do sortie de la Grande-Bretagne du Royaume-Uni. (fr)
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  • left (en)
dbp:amends
dbp:commencement
  • 2018-06-26 (xsd:date)
dbp:introducedBy
  • (en)
  • Baroness Evans of Bowes Park (en)
  • Lord Callanan (en)
  • David Davis, Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union (en)
dbp:legislationHistory
dbp:longTitle
  • An Act to Repeal the European Communities Act 1972 and make other provision in connection with the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the EU. (en)
dbp:originalText
dbp:parliament
  • Parliament of the United Kingdom (en)
dbp:quote
  • "Under the Standing Orders of the House of Commons it will be for the Speaker to determine whether a motion when it is introduced by the Government under the European Union Bill is or is not in fact cast in neutral terms and hence whether the motion is or is not amendable. The Government recognises that it is open for Ministers and members of the House of Commons to table motions on and debate matters of concern and that, as is the convention, parliamentary time will be provided for this." (en)
dbp:relatedLegislation
  • (en)
  • European Union Referendum Act 2015 (en)
  • European Union (Notification of Withdrawal) Act 2017 (en)
  • European Union (Withdrawal Agreement) Act 2020 (en)
  • Nuclear Safeguards Act 2018 (en)
  • European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2019 (en)
  • European Union (Withdrawal) (No. 2) Act 2019 (en)
  • United Kingdom Internal Market Act 2020 (en)
dbp:replaces
  • (en)
  • European Communities Act 1972 (en)
  • European Parliamentary Elections Act 2002 (en)
  • European Union Act 2011 (en)
  • European Parliament (Representation) Act 2003 (en)
  • European Union (Amendment) Act 2008 (en)
  • European Union Act 2013 (en)
  • European Union (Approvals) Act 2015 (en)
  • European Union (Finance) Act 2015 (en)
  • European Union (Approval of Treaty Amendment Decision) Act 2012 (en)
  • European Union Act 2014 (en)
  • Serious Crime Act 2015, (en)
  • sections 82 and 88 (en)
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dbp:royalAssent
  • 2018-06-26 (xsd:date)
dbp:shortTitle
  • European Union Act 2018 (en)
dbp:source
  • --06-21
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  • Amended (en)
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  • 2018 (xsd:integer)
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  • min-width: 25em (en)
dbp:territorialExtent
  • (en)
  • England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland (en)
dbp:type
  • Act (en)
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  • 20.0
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  • 2018 (xsd:integer)
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  • The European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018 also known as the Great Repeal Act is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that provides both for repeal of the European Communities Act 1972, and for parliamentary approval to be required for any withdrawal agreement negotiated between the Government of the United Kingdom and the European Union. The bill's passage through both Houses of Parliament was completed on 20 June 2018 and it became law by Royal Assent on 26 June. (en)
  • La Great Repeal Bill est l'instrument par lequel le Royaume-Uni vise à intégrer dans son cadre juridique une large partie de l'acquis communautaire de l'Union européenne. La loi vise particulièrement le droit de l'Union ne nécessitant pas de dispositions d'application nationale, à l'image des règlements. Cette intégration vise à éviter tout vide juridique pouvant apparaitre à la suite de la sortie de la Grande Bretagne de l'Union européenne. La Great Repeal Bill ne s'appliquera qu'une fois le Royaume-Uni hors de l'Union. Cette intégration permettra à Londres d'abroger (repeal) les parties du droit de l'Union européenne intégré jugées incompatibles au regard des nouvelles options décrétées par Londres. (fr)
rdfs:label
  • European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018 (en)
  • European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018 (fr)
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