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Barbara Anne Castle, Baroness Castle of Blackburn, PC (née Betts; 6 October 1910 – 3 May 2002), was a British Labour Party politician who was a Member of Parliament from 1945 to 1979, making her one of the longest-serving female MPs in British history. Regarded as one of the most significant Labour Party politicians, Castle developed a close political partnership with Prime Minister Harold Wilson and held several roles in the Cabinet. She remains to date the only woman to have held the office of First Secretary of State.

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dbo:abstract
  • Barbara Anne Castle, Baroness Castle of Blackburn, geb. Betts, (* 6. Oktober 1910 in Chesterfield; † 3. Mai 2002 in Ibstone, Buckinghamshire) war eine britische Politikerin der Labour Party. 1945 ins Unterhaus gewählt, stieg sie zu einer der bedeutendsten Labour-Politikerinnen des 20. Jahrhunderts auf. Sie war die Frau mit der längsten durchgängigen Parlamentszugehörigkeit, bis ihr Rekord 2007 von Gwyneth Dunwoody gebrochen wurde. Sie war die erste und bis heute einzige Frau im Amt des First Secretary of State. (de)
  • Barbara Anne Castle, Baroness Castle of Blackburn, PC (née Betts; 6 October 1910 – 3 May 2002), was a British Labour Party politician who was a Member of Parliament from 1945 to 1979, making her one of the longest-serving female MPs in British history. Regarded as one of the most significant Labour Party politicians, Castle developed a close political partnership with Prime Minister Harold Wilson and held several roles in the Cabinet. She remains to date the only woman to have held the office of First Secretary of State. A graduate of the University of Oxford, Castle worked as a journalist for both Tribune and the Daily Mirror, before being elected to Parliament as MP for Blackburn at the 1945 election. During the Attlee Government, she was Parliamentary Private Secretary to Stafford Cripps, and later to Harold Wilson, marking the beginning of their partnership. She was a strong supporter of Wilson during his campaign to become Leader of the Labour Party, and following his victory at the 1964 election, Wilson appointed Castle to the Cabinet as Minister for Overseas Development, and later as Minister of Transport. In the latter role, she proved an effective reformer, overseeing the introduction of permanent speed limits for the first time on British roads, as well as legislating for breathalyser tests and compulsory seat belts. In 1968, Wilson promoted Castle to become First Secretary of State, the second-most senior member of the Cabinet, as well as Secretary of State for Employment. In the latter role, Castle fiercely advocated for the passage of the In Place of Strife legislation which would have greatly overhauled the operating framework for British trade union. The proposal split the Cabinet, and was eventually withdrawn. Castle was also notable for her successful intervention over the strike by Ford sewing machinists against gender pay discrimination, speaking out in support of the strikers, and overseeing the passage of the Equal Pay Act. After Labour unexpectedly lost the 1970 election, some blamed Castle's role in the debate over trade union for the defeat, a charge she resisted. Upon Labour's return to power after the 1974 election, Wilson appointed Castle Secretary of State for Health and Social Services, during which time she was responsible for the creation of Carer's Allowance and the passage of the Child Benefit Act. She was also a prominent opponent of Britain's continued membership of the European Economic Community during the 1975 referendum. When Castle's bitter political rival, James Callaghan, replaced Wilson as Prime Minister in 1976, he sacked her immediately from the Cabinet; the two would remain bitter towards each other for the rest of their lives. Opting to retire from Parliament at the 1979 election, Castle quickly sought election to the European Parliament, representing Greater Manchester from 1979 to 1989; during this time, she was the Leader of the European Parliamentary Labour Party from 1979 to 1985, and publicly reversed her previous stance of Euroscepticism. She became a member of the House of Lords, having been granted a life peerage, in 1990, and remained active in politics until her death in 2002 at the age of 91. (en)
  • Barbara Anne Castle, baronesa Castle of Blackburn, (Chesterfield, Derbyshire; 6 de octubre de 1910–3 de mayo de 2002), fue una política británica del Partido Laborista miembro del Parlamento desde 1945 a 1979. Segunda diputada más longeva después de Gwyneth Dunwoody. Considerada una de la más significativas políticas del Partido Laborista, desarrolló una amistad cercana con el Primer ministro del Reino Unido Harold Wilson y tuvo distintas funciones en el Gabinete. Hasta ahora ha sido la única mujer como primer secretario de Estado.​ (es)
  • Barbara Castle, baronne Castle of Blackburn, née le 6 octobre 1910 à Chesterfield dans le Derbyshire et morte le 3 mai 2002 dans le Buckinghamshire, est une femme politique britannique membre du Parti travailliste britannique. Elle est élue députée pour la première fois en 1945 et devient présidente du comité national exécutif du parti en 1958. Ayant occupé plusieurs ministères, elle est en particulier connue pour avoir poussé à l'adoption en 1970 de l'Equal Pay Act, qui instaure au Royaume-Uni l'égalité de rémunération entre hommes et femmes, à compétence égale. Elle a été députée au Parlement européen de 1979 à 1989. (fr)
  • 캐슬오브블랙번 여남작 바버라 앤 캐슬(Barbara Anne Castle, Baroness Castle of Blackburn, PC)은 영국의 정치인이다. 노동당 소속 국회의원이었다. 해럴드 윌슨 총리시절 윌슨 내각에서 여러 직책을 맡았다. (ko)
  • Barbara Anne Castle, baronowa Castle of Blackburn (ur. 6 października 1910 w Chesterfield, zm. 3 maja 2002 w hrabstwie Buckinghamshire) – brytyjska polityk, członkini Partii Pracy, minister w rządach Harolda Wilsona. Była córką Franka Bettsa i Annie Rebbecci. (pl)
  • Барбара Касл, баронесса Касл Блэкбёрнская (до замужества Беттс, англ. Barbara Anne Castle, Baroness Castle of Blackburn; 6 октября 1910, Честерфилд, графство Дербишир, Великобритания — 3 мая 2002, Чилтерн, графство Бакингемшир, Великобритания) — британский государственный деятель, министр здравоохранения и социальных служб Великобритании (1974—1976). До 2007 года она удерживала рекорд по продолжительности непрерывного пребывания в Палате общин среди женщин-политиков. Считалась одним из самых влиятельных британских лейбористов XX века. (ru)
  • Barbara Castle, Baroness Castle of Blackburn, född 6 oktober 1910 i Chesterfield i Derbyshire, död 3 maj 2002 i Chiltern i Buckinghamshire, var en brittisk labourpolitiker. Invald i parlamentet 1945 kom hon att bli en av de viktigaste labourpolitikerna under 1900-talet. Hon är den första och hittills enda kvinna som haft posten som vice premiärminister. (sv)
  • 布力般的卡素爾女男爵芭芭拉·安妮·卡素爾,PC(英語:Barbara Anne Castle, Baroness Castle of Blackburn;1910年10月6日-2002年5月3日),英國工黨左翼政治家,1945年至1979年擔任下議院布力般選區議員,期間於1964年至1965年任、1965年至1968年任、1968年至1970年任兼、以及在1974年至1976年任。離開下院後,她在1979年至1989年代表大曼徹斯特選區出任歐洲議會議員,1990年獲封終身貴族加入上議院。 卡素爾從小便對社會主義產生濃厚興趣,在牛津大學求學期間已開始參與工黨活動。1945年當選國會議員前,她曾在多份左翼報章和刊物任職記者和編輯,二戰期間也曾以公務員身份加入過英政府擔任政務主任。作為下院少有的女性議員,她憑藉其鮮明的立場和不易妥協的作風,逐漸建立知名度,但她在五十年代也因為大肆批評英軍鎮壓反殖武裝力量,使她成為議會內的惹火人物。 卡素爾與另一工黨人物哈羅德·韋爾遜在政治上具密切的關係。她早於1947年至1951年擔任韋爾遜的,並成為了他的追隨者。當韋爾遜在1964年出任首相後,她隨即獲邀加入內閣,更一度被視作韋爾遜的潛在接班人。在內閣任職期間,她成功推動多項改革,原本頗獲韋爾遜器重,但她在就業及生產力大臣任內於1969年1月發表的《》白皮書,卻成為其仕途的轉捩點。該份白皮書建議立法制約工會權力,結果引起工會群起聲討,內閣以詹姆斯·卡拉漢為首代表工會的一派更公開表態反對白皮書,兩人關係從此決裂,白皮書最終胎死腹中。 卡素爾此後雖然在政壇浮沉,未能再上層樓,但她繼續活躍政壇,到晚年仍關注退休人士福利方面的政策,被視為上一代「舊工黨」的元老人物之一。卡素爾從政接近60年,其敢言作風深入民心,她把婦女參政的程度提升到更高和更前的層次,啟引後來保守黨的戴卓爾夫人在1979年當選為英國歷史上首位女首相。 (zh)
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  • Barbara Anne Castle, Baroness Castle of Blackburn, geb. Betts, (* 6. Oktober 1910 in Chesterfield; † 3. Mai 2002 in Ibstone, Buckinghamshire) war eine britische Politikerin der Labour Party. 1945 ins Unterhaus gewählt, stieg sie zu einer der bedeutendsten Labour-Politikerinnen des 20. Jahrhunderts auf. Sie war die Frau mit der längsten durchgängigen Parlamentszugehörigkeit, bis ihr Rekord 2007 von Gwyneth Dunwoody gebrochen wurde. Sie war die erste und bis heute einzige Frau im Amt des First Secretary of State. (de)
  • Barbara Anne Castle, baronesa Castle of Blackburn, (Chesterfield, Derbyshire; 6 de octubre de 1910–3 de mayo de 2002), fue una política británica del Partido Laborista miembro del Parlamento desde 1945 a 1979. Segunda diputada más longeva después de Gwyneth Dunwoody. Considerada una de la más significativas políticas del Partido Laborista, desarrolló una amistad cercana con el Primer ministro del Reino Unido Harold Wilson y tuvo distintas funciones en el Gabinete. Hasta ahora ha sido la única mujer como primer secretario de Estado.​ (es)
  • Barbara Castle, baronne Castle of Blackburn, née le 6 octobre 1910 à Chesterfield dans le Derbyshire et morte le 3 mai 2002 dans le Buckinghamshire, est une femme politique britannique membre du Parti travailliste britannique. Elle est élue députée pour la première fois en 1945 et devient présidente du comité national exécutif du parti en 1958. Ayant occupé plusieurs ministères, elle est en particulier connue pour avoir poussé à l'adoption en 1970 de l'Equal Pay Act, qui instaure au Royaume-Uni l'égalité de rémunération entre hommes et femmes, à compétence égale. Elle a été députée au Parlement européen de 1979 à 1989. (fr)
  • 캐슬오브블랙번 여남작 바버라 앤 캐슬(Barbara Anne Castle, Baroness Castle of Blackburn, PC)은 영국의 정치인이다. 노동당 소속 국회의원이었다. 해럴드 윌슨 총리시절 윌슨 내각에서 여러 직책을 맡았다. (ko)
  • Barbara Anne Castle, baronowa Castle of Blackburn (ur. 6 października 1910 w Chesterfield, zm. 3 maja 2002 w hrabstwie Buckinghamshire) – brytyjska polityk, członkini Partii Pracy, minister w rządach Harolda Wilsona. Była córką Franka Bettsa i Annie Rebbecci. (pl)
  • Барбара Касл, баронесса Касл Блэкбёрнская (до замужества Беттс, англ. Barbara Anne Castle, Baroness Castle of Blackburn; 6 октября 1910, Честерфилд, графство Дербишир, Великобритания — 3 мая 2002, Чилтерн, графство Бакингемшир, Великобритания) — британский государственный деятель, министр здравоохранения и социальных служб Великобритании (1974—1976). До 2007 года она удерживала рекорд по продолжительности непрерывного пребывания в Палате общин среди женщин-политиков. Считалась одним из самых влиятельных британских лейбористов XX века. (ru)
  • Barbara Castle, Baroness Castle of Blackburn, född 6 oktober 1910 i Chesterfield i Derbyshire, död 3 maj 2002 i Chiltern i Buckinghamshire, var en brittisk labourpolitiker. Invald i parlamentet 1945 kom hon att bli en av de viktigaste labourpolitikerna under 1900-talet. Hon är den första och hittills enda kvinna som haft posten som vice premiärminister. (sv)
  • Barbara Anne Castle, Baroness Castle of Blackburn, PC (née Betts; 6 October 1910 – 3 May 2002), was a British Labour Party politician who was a Member of Parliament from 1945 to 1979, making her one of the longest-serving female MPs in British history. Regarded as one of the most significant Labour Party politicians, Castle developed a close political partnership with Prime Minister Harold Wilson and held several roles in the Cabinet. She remains to date the only woman to have held the office of First Secretary of State. (en)
  • 布力般的卡素爾女男爵芭芭拉·安妮·卡素爾,PC(英語:Barbara Anne Castle, Baroness Castle of Blackburn;1910年10月6日-2002年5月3日),英國工黨左翼政治家,1945年至1979年擔任下議院布力般選區議員,期間於1964年至1965年任、1965年至1968年任、1968年至1970年任兼、以及在1974年至1976年任。離開下院後,她在1979年至1989年代表大曼徹斯特選區出任歐洲議會議員,1990年獲封終身貴族加入上議院。 卡素爾從小便對社會主義產生濃厚興趣,在牛津大學求學期間已開始參與工黨活動。1945年當選國會議員前,她曾在多份左翼報章和刊物任職記者和編輯,二戰期間也曾以公務員身份加入過英政府擔任政務主任。作為下院少有的女性議員,她憑藉其鮮明的立場和不易妥協的作風,逐漸建立知名度,但她在五十年代也因為大肆批評英軍鎮壓反殖武裝力量,使她成為議會內的惹火人物。 卡素爾此後雖然在政壇浮沉,未能再上層樓,但她繼續活躍政壇,到晚年仍關注退休人士福利方面的政策,被視為上一代「舊工黨」的元老人物之一。卡素爾從政接近60年,其敢言作風深入民心,她把婦女參政的程度提升到更高和更前的層次,啟引後來保守黨的戴卓爾夫人在1979年當選為英國歷史上首位女首相。 (zh)
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  • Barbara Castle, Baroness Castle of Blackburn (de)
  • Barbara Castle (en)
  • Barbara Castle (es)
  • Barbara Castle (fr)
  • 바버라 캐슬 (ko)
  • Barbara Castle (pl)
  • Barbara Castle (sv)
  • Касл, Барбара (ru)
  • 芭芭拉·卡素爾 (zh)
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  • The Baroness Castle of Blackburn (en)
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