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Violenza domestica Domestic violence 家庭暴力 Violência doméstica Huiselijk geweld Violencia doméstica Violence familiale عنف منزلي Домашнее насилие Häusliche Gewalt ドメスティックバイオレンス Przemoc domowa
rdfs:comment
On qualifie de violences familiales des violences exercées au sein de la famille, au sens large. L'expression regroupe aussi bien les faits de violence conjugale, de violences faites aux enfants, aux ascendants, ou à tout membre de la famille élargie, dès lors qu'elles partagent le même toit, voire, selon les cultures une communauté proche. Домашнее насилие, также семейное или бытовое насилие — это повторяющееся насилие одного партнёра или родственника по отношению к другому, в первую очередь внутри семьи. Может выражаться в форме физического, психологического, сексуального и экономического насилия. Домашнее насилие часто сопровождается насилием над детьми и жестоким обращением с животными. Гендерный характер домашнего насилия, по одним данным, существенно смещён в сторону насилия над женщинами со стороны мужчин, по другим — симметричен или близок к симметрии, но различен по значимости причинённого вреда. Przemoc domowa (przemoc w rodzinie) – zjawisko społeczne zachodzące, gdy członek rodziny, mąż, żona lub inna osoba wspólnie zamieszkująca lub gospodarująca próbuje zdominować fizycznie lub psychicznie drugiego partnera, dzieci, rodziców, dziadków, teściów itp., używając przewagi fizycznej, gróźb, szantażu, w celu zranienia moralnie lub fizycznie. Przemoc w rodzinie to zamierzone i wykorzystujące przewagę sił działanie przeciw członkowi rodziny, naruszające prawa i dobra osobiste, powodujące cierpienie i szkody. Przemoc domowa charakteryzuje się tym, że: 家庭暴力(英文:Domestic violence)簡稱家暴,是指家庭成員間實施身體或精神上的傷害行為,往往由于现实之亲属关系與利益的约束而出現一定程度的隐蔽性。 家庭暴力的侵害行為可包括了實際攻擊、傷害、虐待等直接實施暴力或在精神上威脅家庭成員。其涉及的成員可以指:配偶、前配偶、雙親、子女和繼親帶來的孩子、有血緣關係家人、同居伴侶、殘疾者與照顧者、情侶關係。 维基文库中相关的原始文献:家庭暴力防治法维基文库中相关的原始文献:中華人民共和國反家庭暴力法 La violenza domestica è il comportamento abusante di uno o entrambi i compagni in una relazione intima di coppia, quali il matrimonio e la coabitazione. Si estrinseca in molte forme, quali abusi sessuali, aggressione fisica, minacce di aggressione, intimidazione, controllo, stalking, violenza psicologica, trascuratezza, deprivazione economica. Tali comportamenti possono costituire reato a seconda della locale legislazione e della loro gravità. Domestic violence (also named domestic abuse, battering, or family violence) is a pattern of behavior which involves violence or other abuse by one person against another in a domestic setting, such as in marriage or cohabitation. Intimate partner violence is violence by a spouse or partner in an intimate relationship against the other spouse or partner. Domestic violence can take place in heterosexual and same-sex family relationships, and can involve violence against children in the family or, in some U.S. states, violence against a roommate. Huiselijk geweld is geweld dat door iemand uit de huiselijke of familiekring van het slachtoffer wordt gepleegd. De term huiselijk verwijst niet naar de plaats waar het geweld plaatsvindt, maar naar de relatie tussen pleger en slachtoffer, bijvoorbeeld (ex)partner, gezins- en familieleden en wordt daarom ook geweld in afhankelijkheidsrelaties genoemd. Dat geweld kan onder andere fysiek, seksueel en psychisch van aard zijn. Vormen van huiselijk geweld zijn: (ex)partnergeweld, kindermishandeling en verwaarlozing, ouderenmishandeling, eergerelateerd geweld, huwelijksdwang en huwelijkse gevangenschap, genitale verminking, mishandeling van ouders door hun kinderen, mishandeling van adolescenten door ouders of leeftijdgenoten. La violencia doméstica o violencia intrafamiliar es un concepto utilizado para referirse a «la violencia ejercida en el terreno de la convivencia familiar o asimilada, por parte de uno de los miembros contra otros, contra alguno de los demás o contra todos ellos». Comprende todos aquellos actos violentos, desde el empleo de la fuerza física, hasta el hostigamiento, el acoso, o la intimidación, que se producen en el seno de un hogar, y que perpetra por lo menos un miembro de la familia contra algún otro familiar. ドメスティック・バイオレンス(英: domestic violence、以下略称:DVと記述)とは、同居関係にある配偶者や内縁関係の間で起こる家庭内暴力のことである。近年ではDVの概念は婚姻の有無を問わず、元夫婦や恋人など近親者間に起こる暴力全般を指す場合もある。 英語「domestic」は「家庭の」という意味なので、日本語の「家庭内暴力」と同義に捉える誤解も存在するが、英語では日本語の家庭内暴力にあたる語は family violence と表現され使い分けられている。英語ではDVは intimate partner violence (IPV)と同義に使われる。よって報道等で「DV=夫婦間暴力」と説明することは間違いではない。またこのため、児童虐待をDVに含めるのは間違いである。 親権欲しさに虚偽DVで相手側親を訴える事例もある。 Häusliche Gewalt bezeichnet Gewalttaten zwischen Menschen, die in einem Haushalt zusammen leben. Unter den Oberbegriff der häuslichen Gewalt fallen deshalb nicht nur Gewalt in Paarbeziehungen (vor, während und nach einer Trennung), sondern auch Gewalt gegen Kinder, Gewalt von Kindern gegenüber ihren Eltern, Gewalt zwischen Geschwistern und Gewalt gegen im Haushalt lebende ältere Menschen. Andere, oft synonym verwendete Begriffe sind Gewalt in engen sozialen Beziehungen bzw. im sozialen Nahraum, Gewalt in der Familie, innerfamiliäre Gewalt und Gewalt in Ehe und Partnerschaft. Violência doméstica é a violência, explícita ou velada, literalmente praticada dentro de casa ou no ambiente familiar, entre indivíduos unidos por parentesco civil (marido e mulher, sogra, padrasto,filhos) ou parentesco natural (pai, mãe, filhos, irmãos, etc). Inclui diversas práticas, como a violência e o abuso sexual contra as crianças, maus-tratos contra idosos, e violência contra a mulher e contra o homem geralmente nos processos de separação litigiosa além da violência sexual contra o parceiro.
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Домашнее насилие, также семейное или бытовое насилие — это повторяющееся насилие одного партнёра или родственника по отношению к другому, в первую очередь внутри семьи. Может выражаться в форме физического, психологического, сексуального и экономического насилия. Домашнее насилие часто сопровождается насилием над детьми и жестоким обращением с животными. По определению Национального центра по предотвращению насилия «Анна», «семейное насилие — это повторяющийся с увеличением частоты цикл физического, сексуального, словесного, психологического и экономического оскорбления и давления по отношению к своим близким с целью обретения над ними власти и контроля». Гендерный характер домашнего насилия, по одним данным, существенно смещён в сторону насилия над женщинами со стороны мужчин, по другим — симметричен или близок к симметрии, но различен по значимости причинённого вреда. Домашнее насилие не зависит от гомосексуальности: и в мужских, и в женских однополых отношениях оно встречается так же часто, как и в разнополых, хотя степень его выраженности в однополых отношениях слабее. Общественная терпимость и законодательная наказуемость домашнего насилия различается в разных странах. Почти во всех западных странах и во многих странах бывшего СССР домашнее насилие является отдельным преступлением. В России в настоящее время нет закона о домашнем насилии, хотя соответствующий законопроект обсуждается в Госдуме и Общественной Палате. Domestic violence (also named domestic abuse, battering, or family violence) is a pattern of behavior which involves violence or other abuse by one person against another in a domestic setting, such as in marriage or cohabitation. Intimate partner violence is violence by a spouse or partner in an intimate relationship against the other spouse or partner. Domestic violence can take place in heterosexual and same-sex family relationships, and can involve violence against children in the family or, in some U.S. states, violence against a roommate. Domestic violence can take a number of forms, including physical, verbal, emotional, economic, religious, and sexual abuse, which can range from subtle, coercive forms to marital rape and to violent physical abuse such as female genital mutilation and acid throwing that results in disfigurement or death. Domestic murders include stoning, bride burning, honor killings, and dowry deaths. Globally, the victims of domestic violence are overwhelmingly women, and women tend to experience more severe forms of violence. However it has been shown in the United States that women are the primary perpetrators in non-reciprocal cases. In some countries, domestic violence is often seen as justified, particularly in cases of actual or suspected infidelity on the part of the woman, and is legally permitted. Research has also shown there to be a direct and significant correlation between a country's level of gender equality, and actual rates of domestic violence. Domestic violence is among the most underreported crimes worldwide for both men and women. Men face additional gender related barriers in reporting, due to social stigmas regarding male victimization, and an increased likelihood of being overlooked by healthcare providers. Domestic violence occurs when the abuser believes that abuse is acceptable, justified, or unlikely to be reported. It may produce intergenerational cycles of abuse in children and other family members, who may feel that such violence is acceptable or condoned. Very few people recognize themselves as abusers or victims because they may consider their experiences as family disputes that just got out of control. Awareness, perception, definition and documentation of domestic violence differs widely from country to country. Domestic violence often happens in the context of forced or child marriage. In abusive relationships, there may be a cycle of abuse during which tensions rise and an act of violence is committed, followed by a period of reconciliation and calm. Victims of domestic violence may be trapped in domestic violent situations through isolation, power and control, cultural acceptance, lack of financial resources, fear, shame, or to protect children. As a result of abuse, victims may experience physical disabilities, chronic health problems, mental illness, limited finances, and poor ability to create healthy relationships. Victims may experience psychological problems, such as post-traumatic stress disorder. Children who live in a household with violence often show psychological problems from an early age, such as dysregulated aggression which may later contribute to continuing the legacy of abuse when they reach adulthood. Przemoc domowa (przemoc w rodzinie) – zjawisko społeczne zachodzące, gdy członek rodziny, mąż, żona lub inna osoba wspólnie zamieszkująca lub gospodarująca próbuje zdominować fizycznie lub psychicznie drugiego partnera, dzieci, rodziców, dziadków, teściów itp., używając przewagi fizycznej, gróźb, szantażu, w celu zranienia moralnie lub fizycznie. Przemoc w rodzinie to zamierzone i wykorzystujące przewagę sił działanie przeciw członkowi rodziny, naruszające prawa i dobra osobiste, powodujące cierpienie i szkody. Przemoc domowa charakteryzuje się tym, że: 1. * Jest intencjonalna. Przemoc jest zamierzonym działaniem człowieka i ma na celu kontrolowanie i podporządkowanie ofiary. 2. * Siły są nierównomierne. W relacji jedna ze stron ma przewagę nad drugą. Ofiara jest słabsza, a sprawca silniejszy. 3. * Narusza prawa i dobra osobiste. Sprawca wykorzystuje przewagę siły narusza podstawowe prawa ofiary (np. prawo do nietykalności fizycznej, godności, szacunku itd.). 4. * Powoduje cierpienie i ból. Sprawca naraża zdrowie i życie ofiary na poważne szkody. Doświadczanie bólu i cierpienia sprawia, że ofiara ma mniejszą zdolność do samoobrony. Według ustawy z dnia 29 lipca 2005 r. o przeciwdziałaniu przemocy w rodzinie przemoc w rodzinie to jednorazowe albo powtarzające się umyślne działanie lub zaniechanie naruszające prawa lub dobra osobiste członków rodziny, w szczególności narażające te osoby na niebezpieczeństwo utraty życia, zdrowia, naruszające ich godność, nietykalnośćcielesną, wolność, w tym seksualną, powodujące szkody na ich zdrowiu fizycznym lub psychicznym, a także wywołujące cierpienia ikrzywdy moralne u osób dotkniętych przemocą. 家庭暴力(英文:Domestic violence)簡稱家暴,是指家庭成員間實施身體或精神上的傷害行為,往往由于现实之亲属关系與利益的约束而出現一定程度的隐蔽性。 家庭暴力的侵害行為可包括了實際攻擊、傷害、虐待等直接實施暴力或在精神上威脅家庭成員。其涉及的成員可以指:配偶、前配偶、雙親、子女和繼親帶來的孩子、有血緣關係家人、同居伴侶、殘疾者與照顧者、情侶關係。 维基文库中相关的原始文献:家庭暴力防治法维基文库中相关的原始文献:中華人民共和國反家庭暴力法 Huiselijk geweld is geweld dat door iemand uit de huiselijke of familiekring van het slachtoffer wordt gepleegd. De term huiselijk verwijst niet naar de plaats waar het geweld plaatsvindt, maar naar de relatie tussen pleger en slachtoffer, bijvoorbeeld (ex)partner, gezins- en familieleden en wordt daarom ook geweld in afhankelijkheidsrelaties genoemd. Dat geweld kan onder andere fysiek, seksueel en psychisch van aard zijn. Vormen van huiselijk geweld zijn: (ex)partnergeweld, kindermishandeling en verwaarlozing, ouderenmishandeling, eergerelateerd geweld, huwelijksdwang en huwelijkse gevangenschap, genitale verminking, mishandeling van ouders door hun kinderen, mishandeling van adolescenten door ouders of leeftijdgenoten. Huiselijk geweld komt vaak voor: van alle vrouwen en mannen tussen de achttien en zeventig jaar is 45% ooit slachtoffer geweest van huiselijk geweld. Deze cijfers (uit 1997) hebben betrekking op fysiek, seksueel en psychisch geweld tegen kinderen, partners of ouders. In de afgelopen vijf jaar is ruim 9% van de Nederlandse bevolking slachtoffer geworden van huiselijk geweld. In bijna 75% van de gevallen van ernstig huiselijk geweld gaat het om lichamelijk geweld (65%) en seksueel geweld (8%). Geschat wordt dat er jaarlijks in Nederland minstens 200.000 personen slachtoffer worden van (evident) huiselijk geweld. Bij de slachtoffers van evident huiselijk geweld is ongeveer 60% vrouw en 40% man - inclusief huiselijk geweld gepleegd tegen kinderen. Huiselijk geweld wordt gepleegd door naar schatting 100.000 à 110.000 verdachten, waarvan 87% man is en 13% vrouw. Ruim een derde van de slachtoffers geeft aan ook dader te zijn. La violencia doméstica o violencia intrafamiliar es un concepto utilizado para referirse a «la violencia ejercida en el terreno de la convivencia familiar o asimilada, por parte de uno de los miembros contra otros, contra alguno de los demás o contra todos ellos». Comprende todos aquellos actos violentos, desde el empleo de la fuerza física, hasta el hostigamiento, el acoso, o la intimidación, que se producen en el seno de un hogar, y que perpetra por lo menos un miembro de la familia contra algún otro familiar. El término incluye una amplia variedad de fenómenos, entre los que se encuentran algunos componentes de la violencia contra las mujeres, violencia contra el hombre, maltrato infantil, violencia filio-parental y abuso de ancianos. La violenza domestica è il comportamento abusante di uno o entrambi i compagni in una relazione intima di coppia, quali il matrimonio e la coabitazione. Si estrinseca in molte forme, quali abusi sessuali, aggressione fisica, minacce di aggressione, intimidazione, controllo, stalking, violenza psicologica, trascuratezza, deprivazione economica. Tali comportamenti possono costituire reato a seconda della locale legislazione e della loro gravità. Negli anni settanta il movimento femminista richiamò l'attenzione sul fenomeno delle donne picchiate dai loro partner. Tale visione si è estesa ad includere fra le vittime di violenza domestica le donne non sposate ma coabitanti e gli uomini vittima di violenze da parte delle loro mogli o compagne. Häusliche Gewalt bezeichnet Gewalttaten zwischen Menschen, die in einem Haushalt zusammen leben. Unter den Oberbegriff der häuslichen Gewalt fallen deshalb nicht nur Gewalt in Paarbeziehungen (vor, während und nach einer Trennung), sondern auch Gewalt gegen Kinder, Gewalt von Kindern gegenüber ihren Eltern, Gewalt zwischen Geschwistern und Gewalt gegen im Haushalt lebende ältere Menschen. Andere, oft synonym verwendete Begriffe sind Gewalt in engen sozialen Beziehungen bzw. im sozialen Nahraum, Gewalt in der Familie, innerfamiliäre Gewalt und Gewalt in Ehe und Partnerschaft. ドメスティック・バイオレンス(英: domestic violence、以下略称:DVと記述)とは、同居関係にある配偶者や内縁関係の間で起こる家庭内暴力のことである。近年ではDVの概念は婚姻の有無を問わず、元夫婦や恋人など近親者間に起こる暴力全般を指す場合もある。 英語「domestic」は「家庭の」という意味なので、日本語の「家庭内暴力」と同義に捉える誤解も存在するが、英語では日本語の家庭内暴力にあたる語は family violence と表現され使い分けられている。英語ではDVは intimate partner violence (IPV)と同義に使われる。よって報道等で「DV=夫婦間暴力」と説明することは間違いではない。またこのため、児童虐待をDVに含めるのは間違いである。 親権欲しさに虚偽DVで相手側親を訴える事例もある。 On qualifie de violences familiales des violences exercées au sein de la famille, au sens large. L'expression regroupe aussi bien les faits de violence conjugale, de violences faites aux enfants, aux ascendants, ou à tout membre de la famille élargie, dès lors qu'elles partagent le même toit, voire, selon les cultures une communauté proche. Violência doméstica é a violência, explícita ou velada, literalmente praticada dentro de casa ou no ambiente familiar, entre indivíduos unidos por parentesco civil (marido e mulher, sogra, padrasto,filhos) ou parentesco natural (pai, mãe, filhos, irmãos, etc). Inclui diversas práticas, como a violência e o abuso sexual contra as crianças, maus-tratos contra idosos, e violência contra a mulher e contra o homem geralmente nos processos de separação litigiosa além da violência sexual contra o parceiro.
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A purple ribbon to promote awareness of domestic violence
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Domestic violence by continent
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