The Nizam-ul-Mulk of Hyderabad, popularly known as the Nizam of Hyderabad, was a monarch of the Hyderabad State, now divided into Telangana state, Hyderabad-Karnataka region of Karnataka and Marathwada region of Maharashtra. Nizam, shortened from Nizam-ul-Mulk, meaning Administrator of the Realm, the title of the sovereigns of Hyderabad State, was the premier Prince of India, since 1724, belonging to the Asaf Jah dynasty. In 1903 the Berar region of the state was separated and merged into the Central Provinces of British India, to form the Central Provinces and Berar.

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  • Nizam (Nizam-ul-Mulk, del árabe, نظام الملك, «orden del poder monárquico») era el título de los soberanos del Hyderabad, que corresponde aproximadamente al Decán, en la India entre 1724 a 1949. Como sus predecesores los mogoles, los nizams eran musulmanes. (es)
  • The Nizam-ul-Mulk of Hyderabad, popularly known as the Nizam of Hyderabad, was a monarch of the Hyderabad State, now divided into Telangana state, Hyderabad-Karnataka region of Karnataka and Marathwada region of Maharashtra. Nizam, shortened from Nizam-ul-Mulk, meaning Administrator of the Realm, the title of the sovereigns of Hyderabad State, was the premier Prince of India, since 1724, belonging to the Asaf Jah dynasty. The Asaf Jah Dynasty was founded by Mir Qamar-ud-Din Siddiqi, a viceroy of the Deccan under the Mughal Empire from 1713 to 1721. He intermittently ruled after Aurangzeb's death in 1707. In 1724, Mughal control lapsed, and Asaf Jah declared himself independent in Hyderabad. Following the decline of the Mughal power, India saw the rise of Maratha Empire. The Nizam himself saw many invasions by the Marathas, which resulted in the Nizam paying a regular tax (Chauth) to the Marathas. The major battles fought between the Marathas and the Nizam include Palkhed, Udgir, Rakshasbhuvan, and Kharda, in all of which the Nizam lost. In 1903 the Berar region of the state was separated and merged into the Central Provinces of British India, to form the Central Provinces and Berar. In 1947, at the time of the partition of India, Britain offered the 566 princely states in the sub-continent the option of acceding to either India or Pakistan, or remaining independent. Hyderabad was the largest and most prosperous state of all princely states in India. It covered 82,698 square miles (214,190 km2) of fairly homogeneous territory and had a population of roughly 16.34 million people (as per the 1941 census), of which a majority (85%) was Hindu. Hyderabad State had its own army, airline, telecommunication system, railway network, postal system, currency and radio broadcasting service. In spite of the overwhelming Hindu majority, Hindus were severely under-represented in government, police and the military. Of 1765 officers in the State Army, 1268 were Muslims, 421 were Hindus, and 121 others were Christians, Parsis and Sikhs. Of the officials drawing a salary between Rs.600-1200 per month, 59 were Muslims, 5 were Hindus and 38 were of other religions. The Nizam and his nobles, who were mostly Muslims, owned 40% of the total land in the state The Nizam decided to keep Hyderabad independent, unlike the other princely states, most of which acceded to India or to Pakistan voluntarily. The leaders of the new Indian Union did not want an independent - and possibly hostile - state in the heart of their new country, and were determined to assimilate Hyderabad into the Indian Union, by force if necessary. In September 1948, in Operation Polo, the Indian Army marched into Hyderabad, deposed the Nizam, and annexed the state into the Indian Union. Seven Nizams ruled Hyderabad for two centuries until 1947. The Asaf Jahi rulers were great patrons of literature, art, architecture, and culture, and rich food. The Nizams patronized aspects of a Persianate society, copied from their Turco-Mongol Mughal overlords, and which became central to the Hyderabadi Muslim identity. The last Nizam had been the richest man in the world in his time. The Nizams also developed the railway, and the introduction of electricity; developed roads, airways, irrigation and reservoirs; in fact, all major public buildings in Hyderabad City were built during his reign under the British Raj. He pushed education, science, and establishment of Osmania University. (en)
  • سلالة نظام الحاكمة في الهند في حيدر اباد ن مجموعة سلالة حاكمة في الهند حيدر آباد والتي تقسكت الان الى تيلانغانا، كارناتاكا و ماهاراشترا. (ar)
  • Nizam al-Mulk (arabisch: نظام الملك; im Deutschen auch Nisam) ist der Titel der islamischen Herrscher des Fürstenstaats Hyderabad in Indien, der von 1724 bis 1949 bestand. (de)
  • Niẓām, versione abbreviata di Niẓām al-Mulk, che significa Governatore del Regno, è stato il titolo dei sovrani nativi dello Stato di Hyderabad, India, fin dal 1719. Il primo sovrano a portare questo titolo fu la dinastia Asaf Jah. La dinastia fu fondata da Mir Qamar al-Din, un viceré del Deccan sotto gli Imperatori Mughal dal 1713 to 1721, che governò con varie soluzioni di continuità sol titolo di Asaf Jah nel 1724. Dopo la morte di Aurangzeb nel 1707, l'Impero Mogul si frantumò e il viceré ad Hyderabad, il giovane Asaf Jah, si autoproclamò indipendente. I suoi rampolli, noti come Niẓām, governarono un reame più esteso della Francia. Furono fra le più ricche dinastie del mondo intero. Sette Niẓām governarono lo Stato di Hyderabad per due turbolenti secoli fino all'indipendenza dell'India nel 1947. I governanti Asaf Jahi furono importanti patroni della letteratura, dell'arte, dell'architettura, della cultura in genere e di quella gastronomica in particolare. Possedettero inoltre una delle più importanti collezioni di gioielli. I Niẓām ressero lo Stato fino all'annessione nell'Unione Indiana nel 1948. (it)
  • ニザーム(Nizam)は、インド・デカン地方に存在したニザーム王国(ハイダラーバード王国)の支配者の称号(君主号)。もともとはアラビア語であったが、16世紀からウルドゥー語にも用いられるようになった。 (ja)
  • De nizam-al-mulk (Arabisch: نظام الملك; ook wel nisam) of nizam van Haiderabad was in de 18e tot 20e eeuw de heerser van de Indiase vorstenstaat Haiderabad. Haiderabad was van 1724 tot 1949 een onafhankelijke of semi-onafhankelijke staat rond de gelijknamige stad Haiderabad. Tegenwoordig ligt de stad in de Indiase deelstaat Telangana. De titel duikt rond 1600 voor het eerst in documenten in het Urdu op. De eerste nizam van Haiderabad was een vazal van de in Delhi residerende Mogols. Toen het gezag van de Mogolkeizer aan het begin van de 18e eeuw afnam ging de nizam, Chin Qilich Khan, zich geleidelijk steeds onafhankelijker gedragen. Hij regeerde onder de naam "Asaf Jah" en de titel nizam ul-mulk werd erfelijk. Zijn opvolgers waren allen leden van de islamitische Asaf Jahidynastie. Onder hun heerschappij groeide Haiderabad uit tot het belangrijkste islamitische centrum in het zuiden van India. Aan het eind van de 18e eeuw arriveerden de Fransen en Britten aan het hof van Haiderabad. Met toestemming van de nizam vestigden beide koloniale machten een regiment in de stad. In naam dienden deze troepen de nizam, maar in werkelijkheid voerden de Fransen en Britten een strategisch spel om de hegemonie in het zuiden van India uit. De Britten wisten de gunst van de nizam te verwerven en de Fransen uit Haiderabad te verdrijven. Aan het hof van de nizam werd een Britse resident aangesteld. Hoewel de nizam in naam een onafhankelijke bondgenoot was, groeide de Britse invloed geleidelijk. De nizam bleef echter een eigen leger houden, en later ook een politie- en luchtmacht. In 1947 kon Lord Louis Mountbatten, die was aangewezen om als laatste onderkoning van India de onafhankelijkheid van India voor te bereiden, niet tot overeenstemming met de nizam komen over de politieke en staatkundige toekomst van Haiderabad. Formeel was Haiderabad een onafhankelijke staat en had de nizam zelfbeschikkingsrecht. De nizam overwoog om zijn land onafhankelijk te verklaren of voor aansluiting bij Pakistan te kiezen. De Indiase regering van Pandit Nehru greep echter in en met een snelle militaire operatie (met de codenaam "operatie Polo" aangeduid omdat de Indische vorsten graag polo speelden) werden enkele in India gelegen vorstenlanden, waaronder Haiderabad, veroverd en geannexeerd. De nizam werd met pensioen gestuurd maar bleef een royale toelage ontvangen. Alle nizams zijn in de Mekka-moskee bij de Charminar bijgezet. (nl)
  • Nizam (Nizam-ul-Mulk, em árabe: نظام الملك, «ordem do poder monárquico») era o título dos soberanos do Estado de Hyderabad, que corresponde aproximadamente ao Decão, na Índia entre 1724 a 1949. Como seus predecessores, os mogóis, os nizam eram muçulmanos. (pt)
  • Nizam - w dawnych Indiach tytuł władców niektórych państw muzułmańskich, zwłaszcza Hajdarabadu i Ahmadnagaru. W węższym sensie odnosi się do władców Hajdarabadu z dynastii założonej na początku XVIII w. przez Asafa Dżaha. (pl)
  • Низам аль-Мульк Хайдарабада (телугу నిజాం-ఉల్-ముల్క్ అఫ్ హైదరాబాద్; урду نظام-ال-ملک وف حیدرآباد; маратх. निझाम-उल-मुल्क ए हैदराबाद; канн. ನಿಜ್ಯಮ್-ಉಲ್-ಮುಲ್ಕ್ ಆಫ್ ಹೈದರಾಬಾದ್; перс. نظام-ال-ملک اف حیدرآباد‎), или сокращённо низам Хайдарабада — титул правителя индийского княжества Хайдарабад, существовавшего в 1720—1948 годах. (ru)
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  • 1724-07-31 (xsd:date)
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  • Sir Mir Osman Ali Khan
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  • Coat of Arms
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  • 1948-09-17 (xsd:date)
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  • Hyderabad
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  • Nizam
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rdfs:comment
  • Nizam (Nizam-ul-Mulk, del árabe, نظام الملك, «orden del poder monárquico») era el título de los soberanos del Hyderabad, que corresponde aproximadamente al Decán, en la India entre 1724 a 1949. Como sus predecesores los mogoles, los nizams eran musulmanes. (es)
  • سلالة نظام الحاكمة في الهند في حيدر اباد ن مجموعة سلالة حاكمة في الهند حيدر آباد والتي تقسكت الان الى تيلانغانا، كارناتاكا و ماهاراشترا. (ar)
  • Nizam al-Mulk (arabisch: نظام الملك; im Deutschen auch Nisam) ist der Titel der islamischen Herrscher des Fürstenstaats Hyderabad in Indien, der von 1724 bis 1949 bestand. (de)
  • ニザーム(Nizam)は、インド・デカン地方に存在したニザーム王国(ハイダラーバード王国)の支配者の称号(君主号)。もともとはアラビア語であったが、16世紀からウルドゥー語にも用いられるようになった。 (ja)
  • Nizam (Nizam-ul-Mulk, em árabe: نظام الملك, «ordem do poder monárquico») era o título dos soberanos do Estado de Hyderabad, que corresponde aproximadamente ao Decão, na Índia entre 1724 a 1949. Como seus predecessores, os mogóis, os nizam eram muçulmanos. (pt)
  • Nizam - w dawnych Indiach tytuł władców niektórych państw muzułmańskich, zwłaszcza Hajdarabadu i Ahmadnagaru. W węższym sensie odnosi się do władców Hajdarabadu z dynastii założonej na początku XVIII w. przez Asafa Dżaha. (pl)
  • Низам аль-Мульк Хайдарабада (телугу నిజాం-ఉల్-ముల్క్ అఫ్ హైదరాబాద్; урду نظام-ال-ملک وف حیدرآباد; маратх. निझाम-उल-मुल्क ए हैदराबाद; канн. ನಿಜ್ಯಮ್-ಉಲ್-ಮುಲ್ಕ್ ಆಫ್ ಹೈದರಾಬಾದ್; перс. نظام-ال-ملک اف حیدرآباد‎), или сокращённо низам Хайдарабада — титул правителя индийского княжества Хайдарабад, существовавшего в 1720—1948 годах. (ru)
  • The Nizam-ul-Mulk of Hyderabad, popularly known as the Nizam of Hyderabad, was a monarch of the Hyderabad State, now divided into Telangana state, Hyderabad-Karnataka region of Karnataka and Marathwada region of Maharashtra. Nizam, shortened from Nizam-ul-Mulk, meaning Administrator of the Realm, the title of the sovereigns of Hyderabad State, was the premier Prince of India, since 1724, belonging to the Asaf Jah dynasty. In 1903 the Berar region of the state was separated and merged into the Central Provinces of British India, to form the Central Provinces and Berar. (en)
  • Niẓām, versione abbreviata di Niẓām al-Mulk, che significa Governatore del Regno, è stato il titolo dei sovrani nativi dello Stato di Hyderabad, India, fin dal 1719. Il primo sovrano a portare questo titolo fu la dinastia Asaf Jah. La dinastia fu fondata da Mir Qamar al-Din, un viceré del Deccan sotto gli Imperatori Mughal dal 1713 to 1721, che governò con varie soluzioni di continuità sol titolo di Asaf Jah nel 1724. Dopo la morte di Aurangzeb nel 1707, l'Impero Mogul si frantumò e il viceré ad Hyderabad, il giovane Asaf Jah, si autoproclamò indipendente. (it)
  • De nizam-al-mulk (Arabisch: نظام الملك; ook wel nisam) of nizam van Haiderabad was in de 18e tot 20e eeuw de heerser van de Indiase vorstenstaat Haiderabad. Haiderabad was van 1724 tot 1949 een onafhankelijke of semi-onafhankelijke staat rond de gelijknamige stad Haiderabad. Tegenwoordig ligt de stad in de Indiase deelstaat Telangana. Alle nizams zijn in de Mekka-moskee bij de Charminar bijgezet. (nl)
rdfs:label
  • سلالة نظام الملك (الهند) (ar)
  • Nizam of Hyderabad (en)
  • Nizam (de)
  • Nizam (es)
  • Nizam (it)
  • ニザーム (ja)
  • Nizam van Haiderabad (nl)
  • Nizam (pl)
  • Nizam (pt)
  • Низам Хайдарабада (ru)
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