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The Romani language has for most of its history been an entirely oral language, with no written form in common use. Although the first example of written Romani dates from 1542, it is not until the twentieth century that vernacular writing by native Romani people arose. Printed anthologies of Romani folktales and poems began in the 20th century in Eastern Europe, using the respective national scripts (Latin or Cyrillic).Written Romani in the 20th century used the writing systems of their respective host societies, mostly Latin alphabets (Romanian, Czech, Croatian, etc.).

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  • L’alphabet romani standard est un système orthographique pour l’écriture du romani utilisant l’alphabet latin proposée dans les années 1980 et 1990 par Marcel Courthiade et adopté par l'Union romani internationale (URI) en 1990, au 4e congrès mondiale romani de Varsovie. Cependant, cette orthographe est loin d’être adoptée par tous les écrivains en romani. Cette orthographe dite « méta-phonologique » est censée « permettre aux variations dialectales d’être traitées au niveau phonologique et morpho-phonologique ».Courthiade a obtenu le soutien de la Commission européenne, qui a financé un groupe d’action et de recherche sur la linguistique romani en 1992.Cet orthographe est utilisé par l’URI, certains manuels linguistiques comme ceux de Gheorghe Sarău, et quelques autres publications comme le journal polonais Informaciaqo lil. Selon Ronald Lee, bien que cet orthographe soit utile d’un point de vue linguistique, l’adoption de cet orthographe est freinée par le manque d’agencement de clavier permettant d’obtenir les caractères spéciaux de taper ej ‹ ʒ › et thêta ‹ θ › et de la police d’écriture pour les correctement. (fr)
  • The Romani language has for most of its history been an entirely oral language, with no written form in common use. Although the first example of written Romani dates from 1542, it is not until the twentieth century that vernacular writing by native Romani people arose. Printed anthologies of Romani folktales and poems began in the 20th century in Eastern Europe, using the respective national scripts (Latin or Cyrillic).Written Romani in the 20th century used the writing systems of their respective host societies, mostly Latin alphabets (Romanian, Czech, Croatian, etc.). (en)
  • A língua romani foi durante a maior parte de sua história uma língua inteiramente oral, sem forma escrita de uso comum. Embora o primeiro exemplo de Romani escrito seja de 1542, só no século XX é que surgiram os escritos vernáculos dos [ciganos] nativos. Antologias inerentes de contos populares e poemas romanos formados no século XX na Europa Oriental, utilizando as mesmas escritas nacionais (latinas ou circulares.O Romani escrito no século XX usava os sistemas de escrita de suas respectivas sociedades hospedeiras, principalmente o alfabeto latino usado pelas línguas romena, checa, croata, etc. (pt)
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  • The Romani language has for most of its history been an entirely oral language, with no written form in common use. Although the first example of written Romani dates from 1542, it is not until the twentieth century that vernacular writing by native Romani people arose. Printed anthologies of Romani folktales and poems began in the 20th century in Eastern Europe, using the respective national scripts (Latin or Cyrillic).Written Romani in the 20th century used the writing systems of their respective host societies, mostly Latin alphabets (Romanian, Czech, Croatian, etc.). (en)
  • L’alphabet romani standard est un système orthographique pour l’écriture du romani utilisant l’alphabet latin proposée dans les années 1980 et 1990 par Marcel Courthiade et adopté par l'Union romani internationale (URI) en 1990, au 4e congrès mondiale romani de Varsovie. Cependant, cette orthographe est loin d’être adoptée par tous les écrivains en romani. (fr)
  • A língua romani foi durante a maior parte de sua história uma língua inteiramente oral, sem forma escrita de uso comum. Embora o primeiro exemplo de Romani escrito seja de 1542, só no século XX é que surgiram os escritos vernáculos dos [ciganos] nativos. (pt)
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  • Alphabet romani standard (fr)
  • Romani alphabets (en)
  • Escritas do romani (pt)
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