From February 20–25, 1944, as part of the European strategic bombing campaign, the United States Strategic Air Forces (USSTAF) launched Operation Argument, a series of missions against the Third Reich that became known as Big Week. The planners intended to lure the Luftwaffe into a decisive battle by launching massive attacks on the German aircraft industry. By defeating the Luftwaffe, the Allies would achieve air superiority and the invasion of Europe could proceed. The daylight bombing campaign was also supported by RAF Bomber Command, operating against the same targets at night. Arthur Harris resisted contributing RAF forces as it diverted them from the British area bombing offensive. It took a direct order from Air Chief Marshal Sir Charles Portal, Chief of the Air Staff to force Harri

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dbo:abstract
  • Mit Big Week (engl. für ‚Große Woche‘, Codebezeichnung: Operation Argument) wurde eine Reihe alliierter Luftangriffe während des Zweiten Weltkrieges auf speziell ausgewählte Ziele der deutschen Rüstungsindustrie zwischen dem 20. und dem 25. Februar 1944 bezeichnet. Dafür setzten die Amerikaner (USAAF) und die Briten (RAF) rund 6.000 Bomber und 3.670 Begleitjäger ein. Die Big Week war der Beginn des entscheidenden Abschnitts des alliierten Luftkriegs gegen das Deutsche Reich. Amerikaner und Briten beabsichtigten, die deutsche Luftwaffe planmäßig durch Zerstörung der Flugzeugwerke und durch eine Abnutzungsschlacht gegen die Jagdflugzeuge zu vernichten. (de)
  • From February 20–25, 1944, as part of the European strategic bombing campaign, the United States Strategic Air Forces (USSTAF) launched Operation Argument, a series of missions against the Third Reich that became known as Big Week. The planners intended to lure the Luftwaffe into a decisive battle by launching massive attacks on the German aircraft industry. By defeating the Luftwaffe, the Allies would achieve air superiority and the invasion of Europe could proceed. The daylight bombing campaign was also supported by RAF Bomber Command, operating against the same targets at night. Arthur Harris resisted contributing RAF forces as it diverted them from the British area bombing offensive. It took a direct order from Air Chief Marshal Sir Charles Portal, Chief of the Air Staff to force Harris to comply. RAF Fighter Command also provided escort for USAAF bomber formations, just at the time that the Eighth Air Force had started introducing the P-51 long-range fighter to take over the role. (en)
  • La Big Week (« La Grosse semaine ») est le nom couramment donné à l'opération Argument, une série de missions américaines de bombardement qui se déroulèrent entre le 20 et le 25 février 1944 lors de la Seconde Guerre mondiale. Ils visaient à provoquer une bataille décisive contre la Luftwaffe en lançant des attaques massives sur l'industrie aéronautique du Reich. En battant l'aviation de chasse allemande et en réduisant fortement la capacité de production aéronautique du Reich, les Alliés souhaitaient définitivement conforter leur supériorité aérienne et ainsi pouvoir lancer le débarquement en Europe. La campagne de bombardement de jour fut également soutenue par le Bomber Command de la RAF, lançant ses bombardiers sur les mêmes cibles la nuit. Son chef Arthur Harris s'opposa initialement à cet engagement des forces de la RAF car elles les détournaient de l'offensive sur les propres zones de bombardements britanniques. Il fallut un ordre direct de l'Air Chief Marshal Sir Charles Portal, Chief of the Air Staff, pour forcer Harris. Le Fighter Command britannique fournit également des escortes pour les formations de bombardiers de l'USAAF, juste au moment où la 8th Air Force américaine commençait à introduire le P-51 à long rayon d'action pour reprendre ce rôle. (fr)
  • L'operazione Argument è stata un'offensiva aerea intrapresa dalla RAF e dall'USAAF dal 20 al 25 febbraio 1944, per questo chiamata anche Big Week (grande settimana). L'obiettivo erano le diciassette maggiori fabbriche aeronautiche e i venti principali aeroporti della Germania. Lo sforzo maggiore fu sostenuto dalla United States Strategic Air Forces che si avvalse anche della scorta dei caccia del Fighter Command britannico, ma alcune azioni notturne furono compiute pure dal Bomber Command. Nonostante l'impegno profuso dalle forze aeree Alleate, l'industria di Adolf Hitler non subì il calo produttivo che avevano immaginato i comandanti attaccanti. (it)
dbo:causalties
  • 131 bombers
  • 226 heavy bombers
  • 28 fighters
  • Over 2,000 aircrew killed or captured
  • RAF:
  • USAAF:
dbo:commander
dbo:isPartOfMilitaryConflict
dbo:place
dbo:result
  • Allied victory
dbo:strength
  • Luftwaffe
  • RAF Bomber Command
  • RAF Fighter Command
  • US Eighth Air Force
  • US Fifteenth Air Force
dbo:wikiPageExternalLink
dbo:wikiPageID
  • 1700843 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 739555729 (xsd:integer)
dbp:casualties
  • 250 (xsd:integer)
  • 262 (xsd:integer)
dbp:date
  • --02-20
dbp:wordnet_type
dct:subject
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • Mit Big Week (engl. für ‚Große Woche‘, Codebezeichnung: Operation Argument) wurde eine Reihe alliierter Luftangriffe während des Zweiten Weltkrieges auf speziell ausgewählte Ziele der deutschen Rüstungsindustrie zwischen dem 20. und dem 25. Februar 1944 bezeichnet. Dafür setzten die Amerikaner (USAAF) und die Briten (RAF) rund 6.000 Bomber und 3.670 Begleitjäger ein. Die Big Week war der Beginn des entscheidenden Abschnitts des alliierten Luftkriegs gegen das Deutsche Reich. Amerikaner und Briten beabsichtigten, die deutsche Luftwaffe planmäßig durch Zerstörung der Flugzeugwerke und durch eine Abnutzungsschlacht gegen die Jagdflugzeuge zu vernichten. (de)
  • From February 20–25, 1944, as part of the European strategic bombing campaign, the United States Strategic Air Forces (USSTAF) launched Operation Argument, a series of missions against the Third Reich that became known as Big Week. The planners intended to lure the Luftwaffe into a decisive battle by launching massive attacks on the German aircraft industry. By defeating the Luftwaffe, the Allies would achieve air superiority and the invasion of Europe could proceed. The daylight bombing campaign was also supported by RAF Bomber Command, operating against the same targets at night. Arthur Harris resisted contributing RAF forces as it diverted them from the British area bombing offensive. It took a direct order from Air Chief Marshal Sir Charles Portal, Chief of the Air Staff to force Harri (en)
  • L'operazione Argument è stata un'offensiva aerea intrapresa dalla RAF e dall'USAAF dal 20 al 25 febbraio 1944, per questo chiamata anche Big Week (grande settimana). L'obiettivo erano le diciassette maggiori fabbriche aeronautiche e i venti principali aeroporti della Germania. Lo sforzo maggiore fu sostenuto dalla United States Strategic Air Forces che si avvalse anche della scorta dei caccia del Fighter Command britannico, ma alcune azioni notturne furono compiute pure dal Bomber Command. (it)
  • La Big Week (« La Grosse semaine ») est le nom couramment donné à l'opération Argument, une série de missions américaines de bombardement qui se déroulèrent entre le 20 et le 25 février 1944 lors de la Seconde Guerre mondiale. Ils visaient à provoquer une bataille décisive contre la Luftwaffe en lançant des attaques massives sur l'industrie aéronautique du Reich. En battant l'aviation de chasse allemande et en réduisant fortement la capacité de production aéronautique du Reich, les Alliés souhaitaient définitivement conforter leur supériorité aérienne et ainsi pouvoir lancer le débarquement en Europe. La campagne de bombardement de jour fut également soutenue par le Bomber Command de la RAF, lançant ses bombardiers sur les mêmes cibles la nuit. Son chef Arthur Harris s'opposa initialement (fr)
rdfs:label
  • Big Week (de)
  • Big Week (en)
  • Operazione Argument (it)
  • Big Week (fr)
owl:sameAs
prov:wasDerivedFrom
foaf:isPrimaryTopicOf
foaf:name
  • Operation Argument (en)
is dbo:battle of
is dbo:isPartOfMilitaryConflict of
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