About: John Fielding

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Sir John Fielding (16 September 1721 – 4 September 1780) was a notable English magistrate and social reformer of the 18th century. He was also the younger half-brother of novelist, playwright and chief magistrate Henry Fielding. Despite being blinded in a naval accident at the age of 19, John set up his own business and, in his spare time, studied law with Henry.

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  • Sir John Fielding (* 1721 in London; † 4. September 1780 ebenda) war ein britischer Richter, der durch seine Blindheit und seine sozialen Reformen bekannt wurde. (de)
  • John Fielding, né à Londres le 16 septembre 1721, et mort dans la même ville le 4 septembre 1780, est un magistrat et réformateur social britannique du XVIIIe siècle qui connut la célébrité en son temps. (fr)
  • Sir John Fielding (16 September 1721 – 4 September 1780) was a notable English magistrate and social reformer of the 18th century. He was also the younger half-brother of novelist, playwright and chief magistrate Henry Fielding. Despite being blinded in a naval accident at the age of 19, John set up his own business and, in his spare time, studied law with Henry. Appointed Henry's personal assistant in 1750, John helped him to root out corruption and improve the competence of those engaged in administering justice in London. They formed the first professional police force, the Bow Street Runners. Through the regular circulation of a police gazette containing descriptions of known criminals, Fielding also established the basis for the first police criminal records department. When Henry died in 1754, John was appointed magistrate at Bow Street in his place, becoming renowned as the "Blind Beak", and allegedly being able to recognize three thousand criminals by the sounds of their voices. He also continued to develop his ideas on crime prevention and youth employment, helping to found the Asylum for Orphan Girls in Lambeth in 1758. He was knighted in 1761. (en)
  • John Fielding (Londres, 16 de setembro de 1721 – Londres, 4 de setembro de 1780 foi um notável magistrado inglês e reformista social do século XVIII. Ele também era meio-irmão mais jovem do romancista, dramaturgo e magistrado chefe Henry Fielding. Apesar de ficar cego após um acidente na marinha quando tinha 19 anos, John continuou com seus negócios e, em seu tempo livre, estudou Direito com Henry. Nomeado assistente pessoal de Henry em 1750, John o ajudou a acabar com a corrupção e a melhorar a competência daqueles engajados na administração da justiça em Londres. Eles fundaram a primeira força policial profissional da cidade, os Bow Street Runners. Apesar da circulação regular de uma 'gazeta policial' contendo a descrição dos criminosos mais famosos, Fielding também estabeleceu a base para o primeiro departamento de relatórios criminais da polícia. Quando Henry morreu em 1754, John foi nomeado magistrado em , conhecido como o "Magistrado Cego", e alegadamente sendo capaz de reconhecer 3000 criminosos pelo som de suas vozes. Ele também continuou a desenvolver suas ideias sobre prevenção de crimes e criação de empregos para os jovens. Ganhou o título de Cavaleiro em 1761. (pt)
dbo:alias
  • Sir John Fielding, Blind Beak (en)
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  • 1721-09-16 (xsd:date)
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  • 1721-01-01 (xsd:gYear)
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  • 1780-09-04 (xsd:date)
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  • 1780-01-01 (xsd:gYear)
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  • 1721-09-16 (xsd:date)
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  • John Fielding (en)
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  • English (en)
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  • Magistrate, social reformer (en)
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  • Sir John Fielding, Blind Beak (en)
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  • Sir John Fielding (* 1721 in London; † 4. September 1780 ebenda) war ein britischer Richter, der durch seine Blindheit und seine sozialen Reformen bekannt wurde. (de)
  • John Fielding, né à Londres le 16 septembre 1721, et mort dans la même ville le 4 septembre 1780, est un magistrat et réformateur social britannique du XVIIIe siècle qui connut la célébrité en son temps. (fr)
  • Sir John Fielding (16 September 1721 – 4 September 1780) was a notable English magistrate and social reformer of the 18th century. He was also the younger half-brother of novelist, playwright and chief magistrate Henry Fielding. Despite being blinded in a naval accident at the age of 19, John set up his own business and, in his spare time, studied law with Henry. (en)
  • John Fielding (Londres, 16 de setembro de 1721 – Londres, 4 de setembro de 1780 foi um notável magistrado inglês e reformista social do século XVIII. Ele também era meio-irmão mais jovem do romancista, dramaturgo e magistrado chefe Henry Fielding. Apesar de ficar cego após um acidente na marinha quando tinha 19 anos, John continuou com seus negócios e, em seu tempo livre, estudou Direito com Henry. (pt)
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  • John Fielding (en)
  • John Fielding (de)
  • John Fielding (es)
  • John Fielding (fr)
  • John Fielding (pt)
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  • John Fielding (en)
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