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The Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011 (c. 14) (FTPA) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that for the first time sets in legislation a default fixed election date for a general election to the Westminster parliament. Before the passage of the Act elections were required by law to be held at least once every five years, but could be called earlier if the Prime Minister advised the monarch to exercise the royal prerogative to do so. Prime Ministers often employed this mechanism to call an election before the end of the five-year term, sometimes fairly early in it, and some critics saw this as giving an unfair advantage to an incumbent Prime Minister. An election could also take place following a vote of no confidence in the government: such a motion would be passed with an ordina

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dbo:abstract
  • Der Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011 ist ein Gesetz des britischen Parlaments, das am 15. September 2011 beschlossen wurde. Unter den Bestimmungen des Gesetzes müssen Parlamentswahlen alle fünf Jahre stattfinden (ab 2015). Die Einführung fester Legislaturperioden für das Parlament war ein Teil der Koalitionsvereinbarung 2010 zwischen den Konservativen und Liberaldemokraten nach der Regierungsbildung 2010. (de)
  • The Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011 (c. 14) (FTPA) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that for the first time sets in legislation a default fixed election date for a general election to the Westminster parliament. Before the passage of the Act elections were required by law to be held at least once every five years, but could be called earlier if the Prime Minister advised the monarch to exercise the royal prerogative to do so. Prime Ministers often employed this mechanism to call an election before the end of the five-year term, sometimes fairly early in it, and some critics saw this as giving an unfair advantage to an incumbent Prime Minister. An election could also take place following a vote of no confidence in the government: such a motion would be passed with an ordinary simple majority of those voting in the House of Commons and would, according to constitutional convention, force the government to resign, at which point the Prime Minister would generally advise the monarch to call for a new election. Under the FTPA the next general election is automatically scheduled for the first Thursday in May of the fifth year after the previous general election—or the fourth year if the date of the previous election was before the first Thursday in May. However, the FTPA also provides two ways to call an election earlier. One is a Commons vote of no confidence in the government, which still requires only a simple majority of those voting. The other is a vote explicitly in favour of an earlier election, which requires a qualified majority of two-thirds of the total membership of the Commons. The first election under the FTPA was held on 7 May 2015. An early election was held in 2017, after Prime Minister Theresa May received approval to call it by a two-thirds majority as provided in the Act. Under the FTPA the next general election was scheduled for 2022, but the Early Parliamentary General Election Act 2019, passed with Opposition support, circumvented the FTPA, providing for an election on 12 December 2019 while otherwise leaving the FTPA in place. The date for the next election is now scheduled by the FTPA for the fifth year after the election of 2019, in May 2024—subject to the possibility of an earlier election under the FTPA. The governing Conservative Party is committed to repealing the FTPA. In fulfilment of this manifesto pledge, the government published on 1 December 2020 a draft Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011 (Repeal) Bill that would repeal the FTPA and revive the royal prerogative power of dissolving Parliament as it existed before the Act. The legislation was formally announced as the Dissolution and Calling of Parliament Bill in the Queen's Speech of 11 May 2021. (en)
  • Undang-Undang Parlemen Masa Jabatan Sah 2011 (bahasa Inggris: Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011) adalah sebuah Undang-Undang Parlemen Britania Raya yang disahkan pada 15 September 2011, yang mengenalkan kepada parlemen Westminster untuk pertama kalinya. Di bawah tujuan UU tersebut, pemilihan umum harus dilakukan setiap lima tahun, bermula pada 2015. Namun, jika suara tak meyakinkan dalam Pemerintah, atau dua pertiga suara mayoritas dalam Dewan Rakyat, masih dapat dilakukan Pemilihan Umum pada waktu manapun. Parlemen Masa Jabatan Sah, dimana pemilihan umum biasa diadakan bertepatan dengan jadwal yang dimajukan, merupakan bagian dari yang dihasilkan setelah pemilihan umum 2010. (in)
  • 2011年議会任期固定法(2011ねんぎかいにんきこていほう)は、2011年9月15日にイギリス議会で成立し、イギリス(連合王国)の不成典憲法に含まれる法律の一つである。 長文題名は「議会の解散、議会の総選挙の選挙期日の決定等に関する法律」(ぎかいのかいさん、ぎかいのそうせんきょのせんきょきじつのけっていとうにかんするほうりつ)(英:An Act to make provision about the dissolution of Parliament and the determination of polling days for parliamentary general elections; and for connected purposes.)。 (ja)
  • 2011년 고정임기 의회법 (Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011, c. 14)은 영국 의회에 관한 으로 웨스트민스터 의회에 를 도입했다. 법 조항에 근거하여 2015년부터 매 5년마다 의회 선거가 열려야 한다. 고정임기 의회법은 2011년 9월 15일에 여왕의 재가를 받았다. 고정임기 의회제는 사전에 일찍이 설정된 일정에 따라 총선을 정규적으로 치루도록 하는 것으로, 2010년 총선 이후 조인된 보수-자민 연합협약에 담긴 사항 중 하나였다. (ko)
  • 《2011年定期國會法》(英語:Fixed-term Parliament Act 2011),即《定期國會法》(Fixed-term Parliament Act,簡稱FTPA),是英國下議院於2011年所制定規範本身解散、選舉日及屆期之法律。 (zh)
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  • Boris Johnson (en)
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  • An Act to make provision about the dissolution of Parliament and the determination of polling days for parliamentary general elections; and for connected purposes. (en)
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  • Parliament of the United Kingdom (en)
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  • Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011 (en)
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  • We will not allow the emphatic verdict of the referendum to be slowly suffocated by further calculated drift and paralysis. While the Opposition run from their duty to answer to those who put us here, they cannot hide forever. The moment will come when the people will finally get the chance to deliver their verdict on how faithfully this House executed their wishes, and I am determined that they will see that it was this Government who were on their side. (en)
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  • Der Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011 ist ein Gesetz des britischen Parlaments, das am 15. September 2011 beschlossen wurde. Unter den Bestimmungen des Gesetzes müssen Parlamentswahlen alle fünf Jahre stattfinden (ab 2015). Die Einführung fester Legislaturperioden für das Parlament war ein Teil der Koalitionsvereinbarung 2010 zwischen den Konservativen und Liberaldemokraten nach der Regierungsbildung 2010. (de)
  • 2011年議会任期固定法(2011ねんぎかいにんきこていほう)は、2011年9月15日にイギリス議会で成立し、イギリス(連合王国)の不成典憲法に含まれる法律の一つである。 長文題名は「議会の解散、議会の総選挙の選挙期日の決定等に関する法律」(ぎかいのかいさん、ぎかいのそうせんきょのせんきょきじつのけっていとうにかんするほうりつ)(英:An Act to make provision about the dissolution of Parliament and the determination of polling days for parliamentary general elections; and for connected purposes.)。 (ja)
  • 2011년 고정임기 의회법 (Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011, c. 14)은 영국 의회에 관한 으로 웨스트민스터 의회에 를 도입했다. 법 조항에 근거하여 2015년부터 매 5년마다 의회 선거가 열려야 한다. 고정임기 의회법은 2011년 9월 15일에 여왕의 재가를 받았다. 고정임기 의회제는 사전에 일찍이 설정된 일정에 따라 총선을 정규적으로 치루도록 하는 것으로, 2010년 총선 이후 조인된 보수-자민 연합협약에 담긴 사항 중 하나였다. (ko)
  • 《2011年定期國會法》(英語:Fixed-term Parliament Act 2011),即《定期國會法》(Fixed-term Parliament Act,簡稱FTPA),是英國下議院於2011年所制定規範本身解散、選舉日及屆期之法律。 (zh)
  • The Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011 (c. 14) (FTPA) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that for the first time sets in legislation a default fixed election date for a general election to the Westminster parliament. Before the passage of the Act elections were required by law to be held at least once every five years, but could be called earlier if the Prime Minister advised the monarch to exercise the royal prerogative to do so. Prime Ministers often employed this mechanism to call an election before the end of the five-year term, sometimes fairly early in it, and some critics saw this as giving an unfair advantage to an incumbent Prime Minister. An election could also take place following a vote of no confidence in the government: such a motion would be passed with an ordina (en)
  • Undang-Undang Parlemen Masa Jabatan Sah 2011 (bahasa Inggris: Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011) adalah sebuah Undang-Undang Parlemen Britania Raya yang disahkan pada 15 September 2011, yang mengenalkan kepada parlemen Westminster untuk pertama kalinya. Di bawah tujuan UU tersebut, pemilihan umum harus dilakukan setiap lima tahun, bermula pada 2015. Namun, jika suara tak meyakinkan dalam Pemerintah, atau dua pertiga suara mayoritas dalam Dewan Rakyat, masih dapat dilakukan Pemilihan Umum pada waktu manapun. (in)
rdfs:label
  • Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011 (de)
  • Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011 (en)
  • Undang-Undang Parlemen Masa Jabatan Sah 2011 (in)
  • 2011년 고정임기 의회법 (ko)
  • 2011年議会任期固定法 (ja)
  • 英國定期國會法 (zh)
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