Captivity narratives are usually stories of people captured by enemies whom they consider uncivilized, or whose beliefs and customs they oppose. The best-known captivity narratives in North America are those concerning Europeans and Americans taken as captives and held by the indigenous peoples of North America. These narratives have had an enduring place in literature, history, ethnography, and the study of Native peoples.

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  • Der Ausdruck captivity narrative bezeichnet ein eigenständiges Genre der amerikanischen Literatur, das die Erfahrungen weißer Siedler in Nordamerika, zumeist Frauen, in indianischer Gefangenschaft schildert. Captivity narratives hatten im 17. Jahrhundert einen erheblichen Einfluss sowohl auf die autobiografische Literatur als auch später auf den amerikanischen Roman. Bekannt in diesem Zusammenhang wurden u. a. die Schicksale von Mary Rowlandson (1637–1711), Elizabeth Hanson (1684–1737) oder Cynthia Ann Parker (1826–1870). (de)
  • Captivity narratives are usually stories of people captured by enemies whom they consider uncivilized, or whose beliefs and customs they oppose. The best-known captivity narratives in North America are those concerning Europeans and Americans taken as captives and held by the indigenous peoples of North America. These narratives have had an enduring place in literature, history, ethnography, and the study of Native peoples. They were preceded, among English-speaking peoples, by publication of captivity narratives related to English taken captive and held by Barbary pirates, or sold for ransom or slavery. Others were taken captive in the Middle East. These accounts established some of the major elements of the form, often putting it within a religious framework, and crediting God or Providence for gaining freedom or salvation. Following the North American experience, additional accounts were written after British people were captured during exploration and settlement in India and East Asia. Since the late 20th century, captivity narratives have also been studied as accounts of persons leaving, or held in contemporary religious cults or movements, thanks to scholars of religion like David G. Bromley and James R. Lewis. Traditionally, historians have made limited use of many captivity narratives. They regarded the genre with suspicion because of its ideological underpinnings. As a result of new scholarly approaches since the late 20th century, historians with a more certain grasp of Native American cultures are distinguishing between plausible statements of fact and value-laden judgments in order to study the narratives as rare sources from "inside" Native societies. In addition, modern historians such as Linda Colley and anthropologists such as Pauline Turner Strong have also found the North American narratives useful in analyzing how the colonists or settlers constructed the "other". They also assess these works for what the narratives reveal about the settlers' sense of themselves and their culture, and the experience of crossing the line to another. Colley has studied the long history of English captivity among other cultures, both the Barbary pirate captives who preceded those in North America, and British captives in cultures such as India or East Asia, which began after the early North American experience. Certain North American captivity narratives related to being held among Native peoples were published from the 18th through the 19th centuries. They reflected an already well-established genre in English literature, which some colonists would likely have been familiar with. There had already been numerous English accounts of captivity by Barbary pirates. Other types of captivity narratives, such as those recounted by apostates from religious movements (i.e. "cult survivor" tales), have remained an enduring topic in modern media. They have been published in books, and periodicals, in addition to being the subjects of film and television programs, both fiction and non-fiction. (en)
  • Narasi penawanan biasanya cerita tentang orang-orang yang ditangkap oleh musuh yang mereka anggap tidak beradab, atau yang kepercayaan dan adat istiadat yang mereka lawan. (in)
  • Le récit de captivité est un genre littéraire. Il s'agit d'un récit narrant une détention, souvent longue de plusieurs mois voire plusieurs années. Il s'agit la plupart du temps d'un récit autobiographique, où l'auteur raconte sa propre captivité. On recense de nombreux récits de captivité à la suite de la Seconde Guerre mondiale, lorsque les rescapés des camps de concentration qui se décidaient à partager leur expérience publiaient leurs mémoires concernant leur captivité et leurs conditions de vie dans les camps. (fr)
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  • Der Ausdruck captivity narrative bezeichnet ein eigenständiges Genre der amerikanischen Literatur, das die Erfahrungen weißer Siedler in Nordamerika, zumeist Frauen, in indianischer Gefangenschaft schildert. Captivity narratives hatten im 17. Jahrhundert einen erheblichen Einfluss sowohl auf die autobiografische Literatur als auch später auf den amerikanischen Roman. Bekannt in diesem Zusammenhang wurden u. a. die Schicksale von Mary Rowlandson (1637–1711), Elizabeth Hanson (1684–1737) oder Cynthia Ann Parker (1826–1870). (de)
  • Narasi penawanan biasanya cerita tentang orang-orang yang ditangkap oleh musuh yang mereka anggap tidak beradab, atau yang kepercayaan dan adat istiadat yang mereka lawan. (in)
  • Le récit de captivité est un genre littéraire. Il s'agit d'un récit narrant une détention, souvent longue de plusieurs mois voire plusieurs années. Il s'agit la plupart du temps d'un récit autobiographique, où l'auteur raconte sa propre captivité. On recense de nombreux récits de captivité à la suite de la Seconde Guerre mondiale, lorsque les rescapés des camps de concentration qui se décidaient à partager leur expérience publiaient leurs mémoires concernant leur captivité et leurs conditions de vie dans les camps. (fr)
  • Captivity narratives are usually stories of people captured by enemies whom they consider uncivilized, or whose beliefs and customs they oppose. The best-known captivity narratives in North America are those concerning Europeans and Americans taken as captives and held by the indigenous peoples of North America. These narratives have had an enduring place in literature, history, ethnography, and the study of Native peoples. (en)
rdfs:label
  • Captivity narrative (de)
  • Captivity narrative (en)
  • Récit de captivité (fr)
  • Narasi penawanan (in)
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