In metaphysics, abstract and concrete are classifications that denote whether the object that a term describes has physical referents. Abstract objects have no physical referents, whereas concrete objects do. They are most commonly used in philosophy and semantics. Abstract objects are sometimes called abstracta (sing. abstractum) and concrete objects are sometimes called concreta (sing. concretum). An abstract object is an object that does not exist at any particular time or place, but rather exists as a type of thing—i.e., an idea, or abstraction. The term abstract object is said to have been coined by Willard Van Orman Quine.

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  • In metaphysics, abstract and concrete are classifications that denote whether the object that a term describes has physical referents. Abstract objects have no physical referents, whereas concrete objects do. They are most commonly used in philosophy and semantics. Abstract objects are sometimes called abstracta (sing. abstractum) and concrete objects are sometimes called concreta (sing. concretum). An abstract object is an object that does not exist at any particular time or place, but rather exists as a type of thing—i.e., an idea, or abstraction. The term abstract object is said to have been coined by Willard Van Orman Quine. The study of abstract objects is called abstract object theory (AOT). According to AOT, some objects (the ordinary concrete ones around us, like tables and chairs) exemplify properties, while others (abstract objects like numbers, and what others would call "non-existent objects", like the round square, and the mountain made entirely of gold) merely encode them (this is also known as the dual copula strategy). (en)
  • Abstrait et concret sont des classifications qui dénotent si un terme décrit un objet avec ou sans référent physique. Elles sont le plus couramment utilisées en philosophie et en sémantique. Les objets abstraits sont parfois appelés abstracta (sing. abstractum) et les objets concrets concreta (sing. concretum). Un objet abstrait est un objet qui n'existe pas en aucun moment ou endroit particulier mais existe plutôt comme (en) de chose, c'est-à-dire une idée ou abstraction. Le terme « objet abstrait » passe pour avoir été forgé par Willard Van Orman Quine. L'étude des objets abstraits est appelée théorie de l'objet abstrait. (fr)
  • Абстра́ктне і конкре́тне (від лат. abstraho — відтягую, відриваю; лат. concretus — згущений, затверділий, цілісний) — філософські терміни, що застосовуються і як слова звичайної мови. (uk)
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  • Abstrait et concret sont des classifications qui dénotent si un terme décrit un objet avec ou sans référent physique. Elles sont le plus couramment utilisées en philosophie et en sémantique. Les objets abstraits sont parfois appelés abstracta (sing. abstractum) et les objets concrets concreta (sing. concretum). Un objet abstrait est un objet qui n'existe pas en aucun moment ou endroit particulier mais existe plutôt comme (en) de chose, c'est-à-dire une idée ou abstraction. Le terme « objet abstrait » passe pour avoir été forgé par Willard Van Orman Quine. L'étude des objets abstraits est appelée théorie de l'objet abstrait. (fr)
  • Абстра́ктне і конкре́тне (від лат. abstraho — відтягую, відриваю; лат. concretus — згущений, затверділий, цілісний) — філософські терміни, що застосовуються і як слова звичайної мови. (uk)
  • In metaphysics, abstract and concrete are classifications that denote whether the object that a term describes has physical referents. Abstract objects have no physical referents, whereas concrete objects do. They are most commonly used in philosophy and semantics. Abstract objects are sometimes called abstracta (sing. abstractum) and concrete objects are sometimes called concreta (sing. concretum). An abstract object is an object that does not exist at any particular time or place, but rather exists as a type of thing—i.e., an idea, or abstraction. The term abstract object is said to have been coined by Willard Van Orman Quine. (en)
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  • Abstract and concrete (en)
  • Abstrait et concret (fr)
  • Абстрактне і конкретне (uk)
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