Neuromorphic engineering, also known as neuromorphic computing, is a concept developed by Carver Mead, in the late 1980s, describing the use of very-large-scale integration (VLSI) systems containing electronic analog circuits to mimic neuro-biological architectures present in the nervous system. In recent times the term neuromorphic has been used to describe analog, digital, mixed-mode analog/digital VLSI, and software systems that implement models of neural systems (for perception, motor control, or multisensory integration). The implementation of neuromorphic computing on the hardware level can be realized by oxide-based memristors, threshold switches, and transistors.

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dbo:abstract
  • Neuromorphic engineering, also known as neuromorphic computing, is a concept developed by Carver Mead, in the late 1980s, describing the use of very-large-scale integration (VLSI) systems containing electronic analog circuits to mimic neuro-biological architectures present in the nervous system. In recent times the term neuromorphic has been used to describe analog, digital, mixed-mode analog/digital VLSI, and software systems that implement models of neural systems (for perception, motor control, or multisensory integration). The implementation of neuromorphic computing on the hardware level can be realized by oxide-based memristors, threshold switches, and transistors. A key aspect of neuromorphic engineering is understanding how the morphology of individual neurons, circuits, applications, and overall architectures creates desirable computations, affects how information is represented, influences robustness to damage, incorporates learning and development, adapts to local change (plasticity), and facilitates evolutionary change. Neuromorphic engineering is an interdisciplinary subject that takes inspiration from biology, physics, mathematics, computer science, and electronic engineering to design artificial neural systems, such as vision systems, head-eye systems, auditory processors, and autonomous robots, whose physical architecture and design principles are based on those of biological nervous systems. (en)
  • Der Begriff neuromorph wurde in den späten 1980er Jahren von Carver Mead zur Beschreibung von Very-Large-Scale-Integration-Systemen, die analoge elektronische Schaltkreise, welche neurobiologischen Strukturen des Nervensystems ähneln, enthalten, geprägt. Heute wird der Ausdruck sowohl für analoge als auch digitale sowie gemischte analog-digitale VLSI-Systeme verwendet. (de)
  • Ingeniería Neuromórfica, también conocida como computo neuromórfico, es un concepto desarrollado por Carver Mead, a finales de 1980, explicando el uso del sistema de integración a muy gran escala (VLSI) que contienen circuitos analógicos para imitar estructuras neuro-biológicas ubicadas en el sistema nervioso. En fechas más recientes, el término neuromórfico ha sido utilizado para describir software analógico, digital, y pseudo-analógico/digital VLSI que implementa modelos de sistemas neuronales (para percepción, control motriz, o integración multisensorial). Un aspecto clave de la Ingeniería Neuromórfica es entender como la morfología de neuronas individuales, circuitos y estructuras en general crean operaciones computacionales deseadas, afecta como la información es representada, influencia robustez al daño, incorpora aprendizaje y desarrollo, se adapta a cambios locales (plasticidad), y facilita cambios evolutivos. La ingeniería neuromórfica es un nuevo tema interdisciplinario que se basa en la biología, física, matemáticas, ciencias de la computación (informática) y ingeniería electrónica para diseñar sistemas neuronales artificiales, tales como sistemas visuales, sistemas de ojo-cabeza, procesadores auditivos y robots autónomos cuya estructura física y principios de diseño están basados en los sistemas biológicos nerviosos. (es)
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http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
rdfs:comment
  • Der Begriff neuromorph wurde in den späten 1980er Jahren von Carver Mead zur Beschreibung von Very-Large-Scale-Integration-Systemen, die analoge elektronische Schaltkreise, welche neurobiologischen Strukturen des Nervensystems ähneln, enthalten, geprägt. Heute wird der Ausdruck sowohl für analoge als auch digitale sowie gemischte analog-digitale VLSI-Systeme verwendet. (de)
  • Neuromorphic engineering, also known as neuromorphic computing, is a concept developed by Carver Mead, in the late 1980s, describing the use of very-large-scale integration (VLSI) systems containing electronic analog circuits to mimic neuro-biological architectures present in the nervous system. In recent times the term neuromorphic has been used to describe analog, digital, mixed-mode analog/digital VLSI, and software systems that implement models of neural systems (for perception, motor control, or multisensory integration). The implementation of neuromorphic computing on the hardware level can be realized by oxide-based memristors, threshold switches, and transistors. (en)
  • Ingeniería Neuromórfica, también conocida como computo neuromórfico, es un concepto desarrollado por Carver Mead, a finales de 1980, explicando el uso del sistema de integración a muy gran escala (VLSI) que contienen circuitos analógicos para imitar estructuras neuro-biológicas ubicadas en el sistema nervioso. En fechas más recientes, el término neuromórfico ha sido utilizado para describir software analógico, digital, y pseudo-analógico/digital VLSI que implementa modelos de sistemas neuronales (para percepción, control motriz, o integración multisensorial). (es)
rdfs:label
  • Neuromorphic engineering (en)
  • Neuromorph (de)
  • Ingeniería neuromórfica (es)
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