Lucie Samuel (29 June 1912 – 14 March 2007), born Lucie Bernard, and better known as Lucie Aubrac (French pronunciation: [lysi obʁak] ()), was a French history teacher and member of the French Resistance during World War II. In 1938 she earned an agrégation of history, and in 1939 she married Raymond Samuel, who became known as Raymond Aubrac. In 1944 Charles de Gaulle appointed a consultative assembly, which Lucie joined as a resistance representative; this made her the first woman to sit in a French parliamentary assembly. In 1945 she published the first short history of the French Resistance.

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dbo:abstract
  • Lucie Aubrac, pseudònim de Lucie Bernard (París, 29 de juny de 1912 - Issy-els-Moulineaux, 14 de març de 2007), va ser una de les capdavanteres i participant activa en diverses operacions de rescat de la Resistència francesa durant la Segona Guerra Mundial i militant pacifista en la postguerra. (ca)
  • Lucie Aubrac (propranome Lucie Samuel, naskiĝnome Lucie Bernard) (naskiĝinta la 29-an de junio 1912 el familio de Saône-et-Loire, mortis la 14-an de marto 2007 en Issy-les-Moulineaux), estis kontraŭ la germana okupado kaj kontraŭ la ŝtatformo de Vichy dum la dua mondmilito. (eo)
  • Lucie Aubrac, seudónimo de Lucie Bernard (París, 29 de junio de 1912​-Issy-les-Moulineaux, Isla de Francia; 14 de marzo de 2007), fue una de las líderes y participante activa en diversas operaciones de rescate de la Resistencia francesa durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial y militante pacifista en la posguerra. (es)
  • Lucie Samuel (29 June 1912 – 14 March 2007), born Lucie Bernard, and better known as Lucie Aubrac (French pronunciation: [lysi obʁak] ()), was a French history teacher and member of the French Resistance during World War II. In 1938 she earned an agrégation of history, and in 1939 she married Raymond Samuel, who became known as Raymond Aubrac. In 1940 she joined the French Resistance. In Clermont-Ferrand, Emmanuel d'Astier de La Vigerie formed the Resistant group La Dernière Colonne, later known as Libération-sud, with her, her husband, and Jean Cavaillès. During 1941, the group carried out two sabotage attacks at train stations in Perpignan and Cannes. In February, they organised the distribution of 10,000 propaganda flyers, but one of the distributors was caught by the police, leading to the arrest of d'Astier's niece and uncle. The group decided to cease activities. After a few months' hiatus, they began to work on an underground newspaper, Libération. The first edition was put together with the help of the typographers from a local newspaper and printed on paper supplied by local trade-unionists. 10,000 copies were produced in July 1941. In March 1943 her husband was arrested, but he was released in May of that year, after she intervened with the local Vichy public prosecutor. However, in June of that year he was arrested again. Lucie then claimed to be his fiancée, saying he was named "Ermelin" (one of his aliases) and that he had been caught in the raid while innocently visiting a doctor. She was told that he was to be executed for resistance, and asked to marry him; a French legal clause allowed engaged people to marry if one of them was soon to die. Later, when he was being brought back to prison after the supposed marriage, he and fifteen other prisoners were rescued by resisters in cars, led by Lucie, who attacked the vehicle he was in. In 1944 Charles de Gaulle appointed a consultative assembly, which Lucie joined as a resistance representative; this made her the first woman to sit in a French parliamentary assembly. In 1945 she published the first short history of the French Resistance. In 1946 she and Raymond hosted Ho Chi Minh at their home in France, and he became friends with Raymond. He had gone to France in an unsuccessful mission to win independence for the then-French colony of Vietnam. In 1984 she published a semi-fictional version of her wartime diaries, the English translation of which is known as Outwitting the Gestapo. She was inspired to publish her own writing on the wartime after Klaus Barbie's claim that her husband Raymond had become an informer and betrayed Jean Moulin after his own arrest. The 1992 film Boulevard des hirondelles was about her and Raymond's life during the French Resistance. In 1996 Lucie was awarded the Legion of Honor by the French government for her heroism during World War II. The 1997 film Lucie Aubrac is about her efforts to rescue her husband; in it she is played by Carole Bouquet. She herself endorsed the film. In April 1997, Jacques Vergès produced a "Barbie testament" which he claimed that Klaus Barbie had given him ten years earlier which purported to show the Aubracs had tipped off Barbie regarding Moulin. Vergès's "Barbie testament" was timed for the publication of the book Aubrac Lyon 1943 by Gérard Chauvy, which was meant to prove that the Aubracs were the ones who informed Barbie about the fateful meeting at Caluire where Moulin was arrested in 1943. On 2 April 1998 following a civil suit launched by the Aubracs, a Paris court fined Chauvy and his publisher Albin Michel for "public defamation". In 1998, the French historian Jacques Baynac in his book Les Secrets de l'affaire Jean Moulin claimed that Moulin was planning to break with de Gaulle to recognize General Giraud, which led the Gaullists to tip off Barbie before this could happen. Twenty leading resistance survivors published a letter protesting the accusations against the Aubracs, and the Aubracs themselves asked to appear before a panel of leading French historians. The Aubracs did appear in a discussion between themselves and historians, organized by the newspaper Libération. While none of the historians involved believed that Raymond was an informer, they did note inconsistencies in Lucie's account of his case. Patrick Marnham's biography of Moulin, The Death of Jean Moulin: Biography of a Ghost (2001) suggests Raymond and possibly Lucie betrayed Moulin. As well, in his book Resistance and Betrayal: The Death and Life of the Greatest Hero of the French Resistance (2002), Patrick Marnham suggested that since Raymond Aubrac's overriding allegiance was to communism, he would not have considered himself a traitor if he had indeed betrayed Moulin, claiming that French Communists such as the Aubracs at times gave non-Communists such as Moulin to the Gestapo. Lucie had three children with Raymond. Charles de Gaulle was godfather to their first child, Catherine, and Ho Chi Minh was godfather to their second child, Elizabeth. President Nicolas Sarkozy, in a statement after Raymond's death in 2012, said that Raymond's escape from the Nazis led by Lucie in 1943 had "become a legend in the history of the Resistance" and praised him and all Resistance members as "heroes of the shadows who saved France's honor, at a time when it seemed lost." Serge Klarsfeld, the president of the Sons and Daughters of Jewish Deportees from France, said to BFM-TV, "They (Raymond and Lucie Aubrac) were a legendary couple," adding, "They were exceptional people." François Hollande said in a statement, "In our darkest times, he [Raymond] was, with Lucie Aubrac, among the righteous, who found, in themselves and in the universal values of our Republic, the strength to resist Nazi barbarism." Lucie's ashes are beside Raymond's in the family tomb of the cemetery in the Burgundian village of Salornay-sur-Guye. (en)
  • Lucie Aubrac (mit bürgerlichem Namen Lucie Samuel, geb. Bernard; * 29. Juni 1912 in Mâcon; † 14. März 2007 in Issy-les-Moulineaux) war eine französische Geschichtslehrerin. Während des Vichy-Regimes in Frankreich und der Besetzung durch die Wehrmacht im Zweiten Weltkrieg war sie Mitglied der Résistance. (de)
  • Lucie Aubrac (Lucie Samuel, née Bernard) née le 29 juin 1912 à Paris de parents originaires de Saône-et-Loire, morte le 14 mars 2007 à Issy-les-Moulineaux (Hauts-de-Seine), est une résistante française à l'Occupation allemande et au régime de Vichy pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale. Elle est l'épouse de Raymond Aubrac. (fr)
  • Lucie Bernard, detta Lucie Aubrac ((); Parigi, 29 giugno 1912 – Issy-les-Moulineaux, 14 marzo 2007), è stata una partigiana francese.Sposata con , anch'egli noto partigiano francese, partecipò alla resistenza contro l'occupazione tedesca della Francia e contro il Regime di Vichy, durante la seconda guerra mondiale. (it)
  • リュシー・オブラック (Lucie Aubrac, 1912年6月29日 - 2007年3月14日)は、第二次世界大戦時のフランスにおける対独レジスタンス運動の活動家。 「対独レジスタンスの象徴」といわれた。 ソーヌ=エ=ロワール県出身の両親の元パリに生まれ、歴史学教師となった。第二次世界大戦中、対独レジスタンスの結成に参加。リヨンを拠点に活動し、ナチスに捕らえられた夫レイモン・オブラックを4カ月がかりで救出した(映画『リュシー・オブラック』(監督クロード・ベリ、出演キャロル・ブーケ)では、その救出劇が描かれている)。 2007年、パリ近郊イシー=レ=ムリノーの病院で死去。94歳。 葬儀委員長はシラク大統領が務めた。 (ja)
  • Lucie Aubrac (Mâcon, 29 de Junho de 1912 - Issy-les-Moulineaux, 14 de Março de 2007) foi uma professora francesa, atuou ativamente na Resistência Francesa durante a ocupação nazi da França. (pt)
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  • Lucie Aubrac in 2001 (en)
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  • Issy-les-Moulineaux, Paris, France (en)
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  • Lucie Aubrac, pseudònim de Lucie Bernard (París, 29 de juny de 1912 - Issy-els-Moulineaux, 14 de març de 2007), va ser una de les capdavanteres i participant activa en diverses operacions de rescat de la Resistència francesa durant la Segona Guerra Mundial i militant pacifista en la postguerra. (ca)
  • Lucie Aubrac (propranome Lucie Samuel, naskiĝnome Lucie Bernard) (naskiĝinta la 29-an de junio 1912 el familio de Saône-et-Loire, mortis la 14-an de marto 2007 en Issy-les-Moulineaux), estis kontraŭ la germana okupado kaj kontraŭ la ŝtatformo de Vichy dum la dua mondmilito. (eo)
  • Lucie Aubrac, seudónimo de Lucie Bernard (París, 29 de junio de 1912​-Issy-les-Moulineaux, Isla de Francia; 14 de marzo de 2007), fue una de las líderes y participante activa en diversas operaciones de rescate de la Resistencia francesa durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial y militante pacifista en la posguerra. (es)
  • Lucie Aubrac (mit bürgerlichem Namen Lucie Samuel, geb. Bernard; * 29. Juni 1912 in Mâcon; † 14. März 2007 in Issy-les-Moulineaux) war eine französische Geschichtslehrerin. Während des Vichy-Regimes in Frankreich und der Besetzung durch die Wehrmacht im Zweiten Weltkrieg war sie Mitglied der Résistance. (de)
  • Lucie Aubrac (Lucie Samuel, née Bernard) née le 29 juin 1912 à Paris de parents originaires de Saône-et-Loire, morte le 14 mars 2007 à Issy-les-Moulineaux (Hauts-de-Seine), est une résistante française à l'Occupation allemande et au régime de Vichy pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale. Elle est l'épouse de Raymond Aubrac. (fr)
  • Lucie Bernard, detta Lucie Aubrac ((); Parigi, 29 giugno 1912 – Issy-les-Moulineaux, 14 marzo 2007), è stata una partigiana francese.Sposata con , anch'egli noto partigiano francese, partecipò alla resistenza contro l'occupazione tedesca della Francia e contro il Regime di Vichy, durante la seconda guerra mondiale. (it)
  • リュシー・オブラック (Lucie Aubrac, 1912年6月29日 - 2007年3月14日)は、第二次世界大戦時のフランスにおける対独レジスタンス運動の活動家。 「対独レジスタンスの象徴」といわれた。 ソーヌ=エ=ロワール県出身の両親の元パリに生まれ、歴史学教師となった。第二次世界大戦中、対独レジスタンスの結成に参加。リヨンを拠点に活動し、ナチスに捕らえられた夫レイモン・オブラックを4カ月がかりで救出した(映画『リュシー・オブラック』(監督クロード・ベリ、出演キャロル・ブーケ)では、その救出劇が描かれている)。 2007年、パリ近郊イシー=レ=ムリノーの病院で死去。94歳。 葬儀委員長はシラク大統領が務めた。 (ja)
  • Lucie Aubrac (Mâcon, 29 de Junho de 1912 - Issy-les-Moulineaux, 14 de Março de 2007) foi uma professora francesa, atuou ativamente na Resistência Francesa durante a ocupação nazi da França. (pt)
  • Lucie Samuel (29 June 1912 – 14 March 2007), born Lucie Bernard, and better known as Lucie Aubrac (French pronunciation: [lysi obʁak] ()), was a French history teacher and member of the French Resistance during World War II. In 1938 she earned an agrégation of history, and in 1939 she married Raymond Samuel, who became known as Raymond Aubrac. In 1944 Charles de Gaulle appointed a consultative assembly, which Lucie joined as a resistance representative; this made her the first woman to sit in a French parliamentary assembly. In 1945 she published the first short history of the French Resistance. (en)
rdfs:label
  • Lucie Aubrac (ca)
  • Lucie Aubrac (de)
  • Lucie Aubrac (en)
  • Lucie Aubrac (eo)
  • Lucie Aubrac (es)
  • Lucie Aubrac (fr)
  • Lucie Aubrac (it)
  • リュシー・オブラック (ja)
  • Lucie Aubrac (pt)
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