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Sovereign immunity, or crown immunity, is a legal doctrine whereby a sovereign or state cannot commit a legal wrong and is immune from civil suit or criminal prosecution, strictly speaking in modern texts in its own courts. A similar, stronger rule as regards foreign courts is named state immunity. In its older sense, sovereign immunity is the original forebear of state immunity based on the classical concept of sovereignty in the sense that a sovereign could not be subjected without his or her approval to the jurisdiction of another. There are two forms of sovereign immunity:

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  • Sovereign immunity
  • حصانة سيادية
  • Irresponsabilità regia
  • 主権免除
  • 주권면제
  • Koninklijke onschendbaarheid
  • Åtalsimmunitet
  • 主權豁免
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  • 주권면제(主權免除, Sovereign immunity)란 주권(주인의 권한)을 가진 자가 누리는 법적인 면책의 상태를 말한다. 주권자의 면책특권(sovereign immunity) 또는 왕의 면책특권(crown immunity)이라고 부른다. 주권자 또는 국가는 법적인 잘못을 저지를 수 없는 무오류성을 가진다. 따라서 모든 민사책임과 형사책임으로부터 면책된다는 (legal doctrine)이다.
  • 主権免除(しゅけんめんじょ、sovereign immunity, l'immunité souveraine)とは、国際民事訴訟において、被告が国または下部の行政組織の場合、外国の裁判権から免除される、というもの。国際慣習法の一つ。国家免除(こっかめんじょ、State immunity)、裁判権免除(さいばんけんめんじょ、jurisdictional immunity, l'immunité de juridiction)とも呼ばれる。
  • L'irresponsabilità regia (in lingua inglese Sovereign immunity, detta anche immunità sovrana oppure immunità della corona, è il principio riconosciuto nel diritto costituzionale di pressoché tutti gli stati a regime monarchico costituzionale e per estensione accordato in molti stati repubblicani. Il concetto è spesso espresso anche con il termine immunità sovrana anche se i due concetti non sono esattamente sovrapponibili. L'immunità si riferisce all'impossibilità di incriminare davanti ad una Corte il sovrano, l'irresponsabilità era espressa soprattutto dall'espressione il re regna, ma non governa attribuita ad Adolphe Thiers.
  • Åtalsimmunitet är ett juridiskt begrepp. En person med åtalsimmunitet kan inte ställas till svars för något brott vederbörande begått. Formellt kan en person med åtalsimmunitet inte heller misstänkas för brott. I Sverige har kungen eller den regerande drottningen och en tillfällig ersättare för denne (riksföreståndaren åtalsimmunitet. Det sagda framgår av 5 kap. 8 § regeringsformen (1974:152. Denna juridikartikel saknar väsentlig information. Du kan hjälpa till genom att lägga till den.
  • 主權豁免(英文:Sovereign immunity) 或皇家豁免或君主豁免(英文:Crown immunity)是指一司法慣例。君主或國家不可能犯上法律上的過失,以及免於受到民事與刑事起訴。 在君主立憲制下,君主起初創立法庭以保護他的子民,也是法庭的權力來源;因此法庭無權強制君主遵從法庭的判決。
  • الحصانة السيادية كما تُعرف باسم حصانة التاج هو مبدأ قانوني يرى الدولة غير قادرة على اقتراف الأخطاء التي لا يسمح بها القانون ويحميها من مواجهة الدعاوى المدنية أو الملاحقة الجنائية. ويمثل أحد مبادئ القانون الدولي، ما يجعل الدولة ذات السيادة معفاة أمام المحاكم الأجنبية. تعتمد الحصانة السيادية على مفهوم السيادة فلا يجوز إخضاع سيادة الدولة دون موافقة هذه الدولة على الولاية القضائية التابعة لسيادة أخرى.
  • Onschendbaarheid was vanouds eigen aan de absolute vorsten. In zekere zin kunnen ‘onschendbaar’ en ‘absoluut’ worden opgevat als synoniemen: onschendbaar was de vorst, want geen andere macht in de staat kon rechtsgeldig tegen hem optreden; absoluut was de vorst, want hij zelf kon niet gebonden zijn aan de wetten, die hij immers als enige formuleert en afkondigt. Omdat het gezag van de vorst geheel onaangetast moet blijven, is zelfs openbare bespreking van diens beslissingen ontoelaatbaar.
  • Sovereign immunity, or crown immunity, is a legal doctrine whereby a sovereign or state cannot commit a legal wrong and is immune from civil suit or criminal prosecution, strictly speaking in modern texts in its own courts. A similar, stronger rule as regards foreign courts is named state immunity. In its older sense, sovereign immunity is the original forebear of state immunity based on the classical concept of sovereignty in the sense that a sovereign could not be subjected without his or her approval to the jurisdiction of another. There are two forms of sovereign immunity:
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