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The term magistrate is used in a variety of systems of governments and laws to refer to a civilian officer who administers the law. In ancient Rome, a magistratus was one of the highest ranking government officers, and possessed both judicial and executive powers. In other parts of the world, such as China, a magistrate was responsible for administration over a particular geographic area. Today, in some jurisdictions, a magistrate is a judicial officer who hears cases in a lower court, and typically deals with more minor or preliminary matters. In other jurisdictions (e.g., England and Wales), magistrates may be volunteers without formal legal training who perform a judicial role with regard to minor matters.

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  • رجل قضاء
  • Magistrate
  • Magistrado
  • Magistrat
  • Magistrat
  • Magistrato
  • Magistraat
  • Magistrado
  • 裁判官
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  • رجل القضاء أو القاضي الحاكم (باللاتينية: magistratus) هو تعبير يستخدم في العديد من أنظمة وأشكال الحكومة والقضاء للإشارة إلى موظف مدني توكل إليه مهمة القضاء. توكل لرجل القضاء مهمة الفصل في قضايا المحاكم الدنيا مثل وغيرها.
  • The term magistrate is used in a variety of systems of governments and laws to refer to a civilian officer who administers the law. In ancient Rome, a magistratus was one of the highest ranking government officers, and possessed both judicial and executive powers. In other parts of the world, such as China, a magistrate was responsible for administration over a particular geographic area. Today, in some jurisdictions, a magistrate is a judicial officer who hears cases in a lower court, and typically deals with more minor or preliminary matters. In other jurisdictions (e.g., England and Wales), magistrates may be volunteers without formal legal training who perform a judicial role with regard to minor matters.
  • Magistrado (del latín magistratus) es un término utilizado para referirse a ciertos funcionarios públicos. Procede de los tiempos de la Antigua Grecia y ha evolucionado en los países de habla hispana para referirse a cargos administrativos o, especialmente, judiciales. Su principal función es la de juzgar y hacer ejecutar lo juzgado. Deben ser independientes (que no sean influidos por otro poder) e imparciales.
  • Le terme magistrat est né dans la Rome antique et il est toujours utilisé aujourd'hui, mais ne recouvre pas la même notion. Un magistrat au XXIe siècle est une personne ayant un pouvoir judiciaire.
  • Un magistrato (dal latino magistratus) è il titolare di un ufficio pubblico (in latino magisterium). Più specificamente, il termine designa funzionari investiti delle funzioni di giudice e, in certi ordinamenti, di pubblico ministero.
  • 裁判官(英語:magistrate)是指在各種政府體系和司法體系中執行法律的文職人員。在古羅馬,政務官(magistratus)是最高級別的官員之一,可執行司法和行政權力。到現代,在某些司法管轄區,裁判官是在下級法院審理案件的司法人員,通常處理較輕微的案件。在英格蘭和威爾斯,裁判官是指沒有受過正式法律培訓的志願人員,在處理輕微事項方面發揮司法作用。
  • Istilah Magistrat digunakan dalam berbagai sistem pemerintahan dan undang-undang untuk merujuk pada petugas sipil yang mengelola hukum. Di Roma kuno, seorang adalah salah satu perwira pemerintah berperingkat tertinggi, dan memiliki kekuasaan di eksekutif dan yudikatif sekaligus. Di yurisdiksi lain misalnya di Inggris dan Wales, hakim dapat menjadi sukarelawan tanpa pelatihan hukum formal dan melakukan peran yudisial terkait masalah-masalah hukum ringan.
  • Een magistraat is in principe iedereen die is verkozen of benoemd in een openbaar bestuursambt. In de praktijk wordt de term tegenwoordig alleen nog gebruikt bij de rechterlijke macht en bij burgemeesters. Magistratus populi Romani heette in het Oude Rome iedere burger die als gevolg van een verkiezing door het volk een openbaar bestuursambt bekleedde.
  • O magistrado (do latim magistratus, derivado de magister "chefe, superintendente") designava, em tempos passados, lato sensu, um funcionário do poder público investido de autoridade. Desta forma um Presidente da República, por exemplo, receberia o título de primeiro magistrado. O magistrado exercia sua autoridade nos limites de uma determinada atribuição, com poderes decorrentes de sua função, como os juízes, os prefeitos, os governadores e presidentes.
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  • Magistrate
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