Rudolph Schoenheimer (May 10, 1898 – September 11, 1941) was a German/ U.S. biochemist who developed the technique of isotope tagging of biomolecules, enabling detailed study of metabolism. This work revealed that all the constituents of an organism are in a constant state of chemical renewal. Born in Berlin, after graduating in medicine from the Friedrich Wilhelm University there, he learned further organic chemistry at the University of Leipzig and then studied biochemistry at the University of Freiburg where he rose to be Head of Physiological Chemistry.

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dbo:abstract
  • Rudolph Schoenheimer (May 10, 1898 – September 11, 1941) was a German/ U.S. biochemist who developed the technique of isotope tagging of biomolecules, enabling detailed study of metabolism. This work revealed that all the constituents of an organism are in a constant state of chemical renewal. Born in Berlin, after graduating in medicine from the Friedrich Wilhelm University there, he learned further organic chemistry at the University of Leipzig and then studied biochemistry at the University of Freiburg where he rose to be Head of Physiological Chemistry. He spent the 1930-31 academic year at the University of Chicago. In 1933, following the rise of the Nazis to power he emigrated from Germany to the Columbia University to join the department of Biological Chemistry. Working with David Rittenberg, from the radiochemistry laboratory of Harold C. Urey and later together with Konrad Bloch, they used stable isotopes to tag foodstuffs and trace their metabolism within living things. He further established that cholesterol is a risk factor in atherosclerosis. He suffered from manic depression all of his life, which led to him in 1941 committing suicide using cyanide. He had been honoured with the request to give the Dunham Lecture at Harvard before his death. It was read for him following his death. (en)
  • Rudolf Schönheimer, auch Schoenheimer, (* 10. Mai 1898 in Berlin; † 11. September 1941 in New York City) war ein deutscher, dann US-amerikanischer Biochemiker, der die Technik der Markierung von Molekülen mit stabilen Isotopen entwickelte, die bahnbrechend für die Erforschung der Stoffwechselvorgänge war. (de)
  • ルドルフ・シェーンハイマー(米:Rudolph Schoenheimer、1898年5月10日 - 1941年7月11日)は、ドイツ生まれのアメリカ合衆国の生化学者。代謝回転の詳細な調査を可能にする、同位体を用いた測定法を開発した。 ドイツのベルリンで生まれ、ベルリン大学医学部を卒業。その後、ライプツィヒ大学、フライブルク大学で生化学の教鞭を執った。 1933年にコロンビア大学に移り、生物化学部門に参加する。ハロルド・ユーリーの研究室の研究者やコンラート・ブロッホと共に、安定同位体を使用して生物が摂取するエサをマークし、生体内での代謝を追跡する方法を確立した。 さらにコレステロールが動脈硬化症の危険因子であることを発見する。 1941年、シアン化合物で自殺。 (ja)
  • Rudolph Schönheimer (10 de maio de 1898 – 11 de setembro de 1941) foi um bioquímico alemão/americano que desenvolveu a técnica de marcação de biomoléculas por isótopos, possibilitando o estudo detalhado do metabolismo. Nascido em Berlim, depois de se graduar em medicina na Universidade Friedrich Wilhelm, se aprofundou em química orgânica na Universidade de Leipzig e estudou bioquímica na Universidade de Freiburg. Em 1933, ele se mudou para a Universidade de Columbia para afiliar-se ao departamento de Química Biológica e trabalhou com David Rittenberg, do laboratório de radioquímica de Harold C. Urey, depois com Konrad Bloch, usando isótopos estáveis para sinalizar alimentos e traçar seu metabolismo dentro de seres vivos. Ele também descobriu que o colesterol é um fator de risco de ateroesclerose. Suicidou-se usando cianeto. (pt)
  • Рудольф Шенгеймер (10 мая 1898, Берлин Германия — 11 сентября 1941, Нью-Йорк США) — американский биохимик немецкого происхождения. (ru)
dbo:almaMater
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  • 1898-05-10 (xsd:date)
  • 1898-5-10
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dbo:deathCause
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  • 1941-9-11
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  • 669677 (xsd:integer)
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  • 738458108 (xsd:integer)
dbp:deathDate
  • --09-11
dbp:influenced
  • Peter D. Klein, Ph.D.
dbp:religion
  • [Jewish]
dbp:wordnet_type
dbp:workInstitutions
dct:description
  • German biochemist (en)
dct:subject
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • Rudolf Schönheimer, auch Schoenheimer, (* 10. Mai 1898 in Berlin; † 11. September 1941 in New York City) war ein deutscher, dann US-amerikanischer Biochemiker, der die Technik der Markierung von Molekülen mit stabilen Isotopen entwickelte, die bahnbrechend für die Erforschung der Stoffwechselvorgänge war. (de)
  • ルドルフ・シェーンハイマー(米:Rudolph Schoenheimer、1898年5月10日 - 1941年7月11日)は、ドイツ生まれのアメリカ合衆国の生化学者。代謝回転の詳細な調査を可能にする、同位体を用いた測定法を開発した。 ドイツのベルリンで生まれ、ベルリン大学医学部を卒業。その後、ライプツィヒ大学、フライブルク大学で生化学の教鞭を執った。 1933年にコロンビア大学に移り、生物化学部門に参加する。ハロルド・ユーリーの研究室の研究者やコンラート・ブロッホと共に、安定同位体を使用して生物が摂取するエサをマークし、生体内での代謝を追跡する方法を確立した。 さらにコレステロールが動脈硬化症の危険因子であることを発見する。 1941年、シアン化合物で自殺。 (ja)
  • Рудольф Шенгеймер (10 мая 1898, Берлин Германия — 11 сентября 1941, Нью-Йорк США) — американский биохимик немецкого происхождения. (ru)
  • Rudolph Schoenheimer (May 10, 1898 – September 11, 1941) was a German/ U.S. biochemist who developed the technique of isotope tagging of biomolecules, enabling detailed study of metabolism. This work revealed that all the constituents of an organism are in a constant state of chemical renewal. Born in Berlin, after graduating in medicine from the Friedrich Wilhelm University there, he learned further organic chemistry at the University of Leipzig and then studied biochemistry at the University of Freiburg where he rose to be Head of Physiological Chemistry. (en)
  • Rudolph Schönheimer (10 de maio de 1898 – 11 de setembro de 1941) foi um bioquímico alemão/americano que desenvolveu a técnica de marcação de biomoléculas por isótopos, possibilitando o estudo detalhado do metabolismo. Nascido em Berlim, depois de se graduar em medicina na Universidade Friedrich Wilhelm, se aprofundou em química orgânica na Universidade de Leipzig e estudou bioquímica na Universidade de Freiburg. Ele também descobriu que o colesterol é um fator de risco de ateroesclerose. Suicidou-se usando cianeto. (pt)
rdfs:label
  • Rudolph Schoenheimer (en)
  • Rudolf Schönheimer (de)
  • ルドルフ・シェーンハイマー (ja)
  • Rudolph Schönheimer (pt)
  • Шенгеймер, Рудольф (ru)
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  • male (en)
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  • Rudolf (en)
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  • Rudolph Schoenheimer (en)
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