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Nankai megathrust earthquakes are great megathrust earthquakes that occur along the Nankai megathrust – the fault under the Nankai Trough – which forms the plate interface between the subducting Philippine Sea Plate and the overriding Amurian Plate (part of the Eurasian Plate), which dips beneath southwestern Honshu, Japan. The fault is divided into five segments in three zones, which rupture separately or in combination, and depending on location, the resulting earthquakes are subdivided by zone from west to east into Nankai earthquakes, Tōnankai earthquakes, and Tōkai earthquakes.

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  • Nankai megathrust earthquakes are great megathrust earthquakes that occur along the Nankai megathrust – the fault under the Nankai Trough – which forms the plate interface between the subducting Philippine Sea Plate and the overriding Amurian Plate (part of the Eurasian Plate), which dips beneath southwestern Honshu, Japan. The fault is divided into five segments in three zones, which rupture separately or in combination, and depending on location, the resulting earthquakes are subdivided by zone from west to east into Nankai earthquakes, Tōnankai earthquakes, and Tōkai earthquakes. The earthquakes occur with a return period of about 90–200 years, and often occur in pairs, where a rupture along part of the fault is followed by a rupture elsewhere, notably the 1854 Ansei-Tōkai earthquake and the 1854 Ansei-Nankai earthquake the next day, and the 1944 Tōnankai earthquake, followed by the 1946 Nankaidō earthquake. In one recorded case (the 1707 Hōei earthquake) the fault ruptured along its entire length. All of these great earthquakes have resulted in damaging tsunamis, which are particularly damaging due to the Japanese population being concentrated on the Taiheiyō Belt, especially the coastal cities of Tokyo and Osaka, the two most populous in Japan. The area remains seismically active, and future earthquakes are anticipated, with a high risk of a Nankai earthquake in the near future, which could be potentially very damaging. (en)
  • 난카이 해곡 거대지진(일본어: 南海トラフ巨大地震 난카이토라후쿄다이지신[*])은 필리핀해판과 아무르판 사이 판 경계의 섭입 지대인 난카이 해곡에서 일어날 것으로 추정하는 거대지진을 일컫는 말이다. 때로는 규모 Mw9.0이 넘는 초거대지진이 일어날 수도 있다고 가정하고 있다. 자세히로는 난카이 해곡을 따라 발생하는 거대지진(일본어: 南海トラフ沿いの巨大地震 난카이토라후조이노쿄다이지신[*])이라고 부른다. 2011년 8월 일본 내각부에 설치된 "난카이 해곡 거대지진 모델 검토회"(南海トラフの巨大地震モデル検討会)가 검토한, 난카이 해곡을 따라가는 지역에 발생할 것으로 예상되는 최대규모의 지진도 "난카이 해곡 거대지진"이라고 부르거나 짧게 난카이 해곡 지진(南海トラフ地震)이라 부르며 이 문서에서도 위의 정의를 중심으로 서술한다. (ko)
  • 南海トラフ巨大地震(なんかいトラフきょだいじしん)は、フィリピン海プレートとアムールプレートとのプレート境界の沈み込み帯である南海トラフ沿いが震源域と考えられている巨大地震。時に超巨大地震となることもある。詳しくは南海トラフ沿いの巨大地震(なんかいトラフぞいのきょだいじしん)と呼ばれる。 また、2011年8月に内閣府に設置された「南海トラフの巨大地震モデル検討会」が検討を行っている、南海トラフ沿いで発生すると想定される最大クラスの地震も「南海トラフ巨大地震」と称し、あるいは南海トラフ地震(なんかいトラフじしん)と略称され、本項でもそれを基に解説している。 (ja)
  • 南海海沟特大地震(日语:南海トラフ巨大地震(なんかいトラフきょだいじしん)),是预测将会发生在菲律宾海板块与阿穆尔板块板块边界俯冲带的,震源地沿南海海沟的特大地震或超级地震。完整称作「南海海沟沿线的特大地震」。此外,2011年8月日本内阁府设立的「南海海沟的特大地震模型研讨会」,将预测中南海海沟可能发生的最大规模地震,称为「南海海沟特大地震」,本条目也将基于此进行解说。 (zh)
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  • 난카이 해곡 거대지진(일본어: 南海トラフ巨大地震 난카이토라후쿄다이지신[*])은 필리핀해판과 아무르판 사이 판 경계의 섭입 지대인 난카이 해곡에서 일어날 것으로 추정하는 거대지진을 일컫는 말이다. 때로는 규모 Mw9.0이 넘는 초거대지진이 일어날 수도 있다고 가정하고 있다. 자세히로는 난카이 해곡을 따라 발생하는 거대지진(일본어: 南海トラフ沿いの巨大地震 난카이토라후조이노쿄다이지신[*])이라고 부른다. 2011년 8월 일본 내각부에 설치된 "난카이 해곡 거대지진 모델 검토회"(南海トラフの巨大地震モデル検討会)가 검토한, 난카이 해곡을 따라가는 지역에 발생할 것으로 예상되는 최대규모의 지진도 "난카이 해곡 거대지진"이라고 부르거나 짧게 난카이 해곡 지진(南海トラフ地震)이라 부르며 이 문서에서도 위의 정의를 중심으로 서술한다. (ko)
  • 南海トラフ巨大地震(なんかいトラフきょだいじしん)は、フィリピン海プレートとアムールプレートとのプレート境界の沈み込み帯である南海トラフ沿いが震源域と考えられている巨大地震。時に超巨大地震となることもある。詳しくは南海トラフ沿いの巨大地震(なんかいトラフぞいのきょだいじしん)と呼ばれる。 また、2011年8月に内閣府に設置された「南海トラフの巨大地震モデル検討会」が検討を行っている、南海トラフ沿いで発生すると想定される最大クラスの地震も「南海トラフ巨大地震」と称し、あるいは南海トラフ地震(なんかいトラフじしん)と略称され、本項でもそれを基に解説している。 (ja)
  • 南海海沟特大地震(日语:南海トラフ巨大地震(なんかいトラフきょだいじしん)),是预测将会发生在菲律宾海板块与阿穆尔板块板块边界俯冲带的,震源地沿南海海沟的特大地震或超级地震。完整称作「南海海沟沿线的特大地震」。此外,2011年8月日本内阁府设立的「南海海沟的特大地震模型研讨会」,将预测中南海海沟可能发生的最大规模地震,称为「南海海沟特大地震」,本条目也将基于此进行解说。 (zh)
  • Nankai megathrust earthquakes are great megathrust earthquakes that occur along the Nankai megathrust – the fault under the Nankai Trough – which forms the plate interface between the subducting Philippine Sea Plate and the overriding Amurian Plate (part of the Eurasian Plate), which dips beneath southwestern Honshu, Japan. The fault is divided into five segments in three zones, which rupture separately or in combination, and depending on location, the resulting earthquakes are subdivided by zone from west to east into Nankai earthquakes, Tōnankai earthquakes, and Tōkai earthquakes. (en)
rdfs:label
  • Nankai megathrust earthquakes (en)
  • 南海トラフ巨大地震 (ja)
  • 난카이 해곡 거대지진 (ko)
  • 南海海槽特大地震 (zh)
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