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Scottish castles are buildings that combine fortifications and residence, built within the borders of modern Scotland. Castles arrived in Scotland with the introduction of feudalism in the twelfth century. Initially these were wooden motte-and-bailey constructions, but many were replaced by stone castles with a high curtain wall. During the Wars of Independence, Robert the Bruce pursued a policy of castle slighting. In the late Middle Ages new castles were built, some on a grander scale as "livery and maintenance" castles that could support a large garrison. Gunpowder weaponry led to the use of gun ports, platforms to mount guns and walls adapted to resist bombardment.

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  • Scottish castles
  • Châteaux écossais
  • Castelli della Scozia
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  • Scottish castles are buildings that combine fortifications and residence, built within the borders of modern Scotland. Castles arrived in Scotland with the introduction of feudalism in the twelfth century. Initially these were wooden motte-and-bailey constructions, but many were replaced by stone castles with a high curtain wall. During the Wars of Independence, Robert the Bruce pursued a policy of castle slighting. In the late Middle Ages new castles were built, some on a grander scale as "livery and maintenance" castles that could support a large garrison. Gunpowder weaponry led to the use of gun ports, platforms to mount guns and walls adapted to resist bombardment.
  • Les châteaux écossais sont des bâtiments qui combinent fortifications et résidence, construits à l'intérieur des frontières de l'Écosse moderne. Les châteaux sont arrivés en Écosse avec l'introduction du féodalisme au XIIe siècle. Au départ, il s'agissait de constructions en motte et bailey en bois, mais beaucoup ont été remplacées par des châteaux de pierre avec un haut mur-rideau. Pendant les guerres d'indépendance, Robert le Bruce a mené une politique d'allégeance au château. À la fin du Moyen Âge, de nouveaux châteaux ont été construits, certains à plus grande échelle en tant que châteaux de " livrée et d'entretien " pouvant soutenir une grande garnison. L'armement de la poudre à canon a conduit à l'utilisation de ports d'armes à feu, de plates-formes pour monter des canons et des murs
  • I castelli scozzesi sono edifici che combinano fortificazioni e residenza, costruiti all'interno dei confini della Scozia moderna e presenti su tutto il suo territorio. Diversi per dimensione e caratteristiche, i castelli scozzesi furono utilizzati come abitazioni reali, come grandi avamposti militari o come fattorie fortificate. Della maggior parte di questi castelli rimangono oggi solo delle rovine. Di altri se ne conosce l'esistenza solo attraverso documenti storici.
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