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New York Times Co. v. Sullivan, 376 U.S. 254 (1964), was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court ruling that the freedom of speech protections in the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution restrict the ability of American public officials to sue for defamation. Specifically, it held that if a plaintiff in a defamation lawsuit is a public official or person running for public office, not only must he or she prove the normal elements of defamation—publication of a false defamatory statement to a third party—he or she must also prove that the statement was made with "actual malice", meaning that the defendant either knew the statement was false or recklessly disregarded whether or not it was true.

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  • New York Times contra Sullivan
  • New York Times Co. v. Sullivan
  • 纽约时报诉沙利文案
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  • 纽约时报诉沙利文案(New York Times Co. v. Sullivan, 376 U.S. 254 (1964),美国最高法院在此案中确立了要求官员或公众人物在指控媒体报道涉嫌诽谤或侵害名誉时必须遵循的真實惡意原則,允许对美国南部民权运动的报道。该案是保障新闻自由的关键判决。真实恶意原则要求,诽谤案件的原告必须证明,所诉的报道出版者明知报道是假的,或者罔顾报道真伪。由于原告承担了极重的举证责任,而且证明一个人内心的活动较为困难,当涉及到公众人物时,此类案件极少会胜诉。 在此判决之前,来自南部州、针对新闻机构的诽谤案件赔偿额达到近3亿美元,这导致许多出版商在报道民权问题上慎之又慎,唯恐惹上诽谤官司。在《纽约时报》胜诉后,新闻机构得以自由报道大范围的动乱和对民权的侵犯。《纽约时报》坚持认为,针对它的此桩诉讼是要吓退新闻机构,阻止他们报道南部政府机构雇员为了继续推行种族隔离而采取非法行为。
  • El caso New York Times contra Sullivan (376 U.S. 254 1964)​ es un proceso judicial abordado ante la Corte Suprema de los Estados Unidos y resuelto el 9 de marzo de 1964. Es considerado el caso que da origen a la doctrina de la real malicia (en inglés y según la jurisprudencia estadounidense actual malice) referida a la libertad de prensa.
  • New York Times Co. v. Sullivan, 376 U.S. 254 (1964), was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court ruling that the freedom of speech protections in the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution restrict the ability of American public officials to sue for defamation. Specifically, it held that if a plaintiff in a defamation lawsuit is a public official or person running for public office, not only must he or she prove the normal elements of defamation—publication of a false defamatory statement to a third party—he or she must also prove that the statement was made with "actual malice", meaning that the defendant either knew the statement was false or recklessly disregarded whether or not it was true.
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  • Warren, Clark, Harlan, Stewart, White
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  • The New York Times Company v. L. B. Sullivan
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