Viktor Vasilyevich Grishin (Russian: Ви́ктор Васи́льевич Гри́шин; 18 September [O.S. 5 September] 1914 – 25 May 1992) was a Soviet politician. He was a Candidate (1961–1971) and Full Member (1971–1986) of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. In late-December 1985, Grishin was replaced by Boris Yeltsin as the First Secretary of the Moscow Party Committee. Grishin lost his position as a member of the Politburo soon thereafter.

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  • Viktor Vasilyevich Grishin (Russian: Ви́ктор Васи́льевич Гри́шин; 18 September [O.S. 5 September] 1914 – 25 May 1992) was a Soviet politician. He was a Candidate (1961–1971) and Full Member (1971–1986) of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. Grishin was born in Serpukhov, in the Moscow Governorate of the Russian Empire. He served in the Red Army from 1938 until 1940. In 1941, he was a Communist Party functionary. He eventually rose to be the leader of the Communist Party in the city of Moscow from 1967 until 1985. He was renowned for his hardline stance. During the final months of Konstantin Chernenko's life, Grishin had been considered as a possible contender to succeed Chernenko as the General Secretary and as a possible alternative to Mikhail Gorbachev. In an attempt to stress his closeness to Chernenko, he dragged the terminally ill Soviet leader out to vote in early 1985. This action by Grishin backfired and was almost universally viewed as a cruel act. After Chernenko's death in March 1985, he declined to put himself forward as a candidate for succession and instead offered his support, albeit lukewarm, to Gorbachev. Gorbachev was subsequently unanimously elected as the General Secretary. In late-December 1985, Grishin was replaced by Boris Yeltsin as the First Secretary of the Moscow Party Committee. Grishin lost his position as a member of the Politburo soon thereafter. In an interview with the conservative Russian newspaper Molodaya Gvardiya in 1991, he claims that the only reason he lost was because "younger Party leaders, such as Yegor Ligachev, supported Gorbachev because they feared that if I had become Party boss, they would lose their posts." On 25 May 1992, Grishin died at the age of 77. He suffered a heart attack at a welfare office in Moscow, where he went to register an increase in his state pension. (en)
  • Wiktor Wassiljewitsch Grischin (russisch Виктор Васильевич Гришин; * 5. Septemberjul./ 18. September 1914greg. in Serpuchow; † 25. Mai 1992 in Moskau) war ein sowjetischer Politiker. (de)
  • ヴィクトル・ワシリエヴィッチ・グリシン(Ви́ктор Васи́льевич Гри́шин、Viktor Vasilyevich Grishin 1914年9月18日 - 1992年5月25日)は、ソビエト連邦の政治家。 (ja)
  • Ви́ктор Васи́льевич Гри́шин (18 сентября 1914 года, г. Серпухов, Московская губерния, Российская империя — 25 мая 1992 года, г. Москва, Россия) — советский партийный и государственный деятель, первый секретарь Московского горкома КПСС (1967-85 г.г.). Депутат Совета Союза Верховного Совета СССР (1954-87 г.г.). Депутат Верховного Совета РСФСР (1963-87 г.г.). (ru)
  • Viktor Vasilyevich Grishin (em russo: Ви́ктор Васи́льевич Гри́шин; 18 de setembro de 1914 – 25 de maio de 1992) foi um político soviético, conhecido por sua linha dura dentro das discussões partidárias, exercidas principalmente durante a Era da Estagnação.Seu mais alto cargo foi a associação ao Politburo da União Soviética, entre 1971 e 1986, após dez anos como candidato. Nasceu em Serpukhov, Moscou, entre 1938 e 1941, serviu ao Exército Vermelho, e em 1941 torna-se funcionário do Partido Comunista, em 1967, alcança sua aspiração e torna-se líder do partido na região de Moscou.Ficou conhecido por suas atitudes duras, como nas eleições para presidente do Soviete Supremo, em 1985, Grishin fez com que o já doente terminal Konstantin Chernenko votasse por ele, marcando para sempre a carreira de Grishin.Mesmo com o voto de Chernenko, Grishin perdeu a eleição de 1985 para Gorbachov, e mais tarde se tornaria um fraco apoiante do novo presidente.Mais tarde, Gorbachov expulsaria Grishin do partido. Em uma entrevista para o jornal conservador russo A Jovem Guarda, em 1991, Grishin declarou que o único motivo de sua derrota foram os pensamentos da juventude do partido, citando inclusive Igor Ligachev, o mesmo que articulou o golpe contra Gorbachov, em 1991, mas que inicialmente detinha apoio de Gorbachov, e acrescentou que o temiam como o chefe do partido, pois eles sabiam que perderiam seus cargos." Aos 78 anos de idade, morre Viktor Grishin, que por seus atos heróicos durante a Grande Guerra Patriótica é enterrado na Necrópole da Muralha do Kremlin.O então retirado Grishin, extremamente conservador foi substituído por Bóris Iéltsin, totalmente liberal, como líder do partido comunista em Moscou. (pt)
  • Wiktor Wasiljewicz Griszyn (ros. Ви́ктор Васи́льевич Гри́шин; ur. 18 września 1914 w Sierpuchowie, zm. 25 maja 1992 w Moskwie) - radziecki polityk, członek Biura Politycznego KC KPZR (1971-1986), deputowany do Rady Najwyższej ZSRR (1954-1987), dwukrotny Bohater Pracy Socjalistycznej (1974 i 1984). Z zawodu geodeta, później inżynier mechanik, 1938-1940 służył w Armii Czerwonej jako politruk, w 1939 wstąpił do WKP(b), od 1942 II sekretarz, a później I sekretarz komitetu partyjnego w Sierpuchowie. Od 1952 II, a od 1967 do 1985 I sekretarz komitetu partyjnego w Moskwie, 1956-1967 przewodniczący Rady Związków Zawodowych, od 1952 do 1986 członek Komitetu Centralnego KPZR, a 9 IV 1971 - 18 II 1986 Biura Politycznego KC KPZR. Od 1954 do 1987 deputowany do Rady Najwyższej ZSRR. Po śmierci Czernienki w 1985 brany pod uwagę jako kandydat na jego następcę. (pl)
  • 维克托·瓦西里耶维奇·格里申(俄语:Ви́ктор Васи́льевич Гри́шин;1914年9月5日 - 1992年5月25日)是一位苏联政治人物。他曾任苏共中央政治局(主席团)候补委员 (1961-1971) 和委员(1971–1986)。 格里申生于莫斯科州谢尔普霍夫。他于1938年至1940年间效力于苏联红军,1941年进入苏联共产党工作。他最终在1967年升至莫斯科共产党的领导,并一直工作到1985年。格里申因其立场强硬而著名。 1985年12月下旬,鲍里斯·叶利钦代替格里申接任了莫斯科共产党第一书记的职务,并在次年失去苏共中央政治局委员资格。 在俄罗斯保守派报纸Molodaya Gvardiya 1991年的采访中,格里申声称那些年轻的党内领导诸如利加乔夫之所以支持戈尔巴乔夫是因为他们担心格里申上台后,自己的官位难保。 1992年5月25日,格里申在其登记增加养老金时因心脏病发作死于莫斯科,享年78岁。 (zh)
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  • 1914-9-18
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  • Viktor Vasilyevich Grishin (en)
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  • 1992-05-25 (xsd:date)
  • 1992-5-25
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  • Full member of the24th,25th,26thPolitburo
  • First Secretary of theMoscow City Committeeof theCommunist Party
  • Candidate member of the22nd,23rdPolitburo
  • Chairman of theAll-Union Council of Trade Unions
  • Full member of the19th,20th,22nd,23rd,24th,25th,26thCentral Committee
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  • Soviet politician (en)
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  • Wiktor Wassiljewitsch Grischin (russisch Виктор Васильевич Гришин; * 5. Septemberjul./ 18. September 1914greg. in Serpuchow; † 25. Mai 1992 in Moskau) war ein sowjetischer Politiker. (de)
  • ヴィクトル・ワシリエヴィッチ・グリシン(Ви́ктор Васи́льевич Гри́шин、Viktor Vasilyevich Grishin 1914年9月18日 - 1992年5月25日)は、ソビエト連邦の政治家。 (ja)
  • Ви́ктор Васи́льевич Гри́шин (18 сентября 1914 года, г. Серпухов, Московская губерния, Российская империя — 25 мая 1992 года, г. Москва, Россия) — советский партийный и государственный деятель, первый секретарь Московского горкома КПСС (1967-85 г.г.). Депутат Совета Союза Верховного Совета СССР (1954-87 г.г.). Депутат Верховного Совета РСФСР (1963-87 г.г.). (ru)
  • 维克托·瓦西里耶维奇·格里申(俄语:Ви́ктор Васи́льевич Гри́шин;1914年9月5日 - 1992年5月25日)是一位苏联政治人物。他曾任苏共中央政治局(主席团)候补委员 (1961-1971) 和委员(1971–1986)。 格里申生于莫斯科州谢尔普霍夫。他于1938年至1940年间效力于苏联红军,1941年进入苏联共产党工作。他最终在1967年升至莫斯科共产党的领导,并一直工作到1985年。格里申因其立场强硬而著名。 1985年12月下旬,鲍里斯·叶利钦代替格里申接任了莫斯科共产党第一书记的职务,并在次年失去苏共中央政治局委员资格。 在俄罗斯保守派报纸Molodaya Gvardiya 1991年的采访中,格里申声称那些年轻的党内领导诸如利加乔夫之所以支持戈尔巴乔夫是因为他们担心格里申上台后,自己的官位难保。 1992年5月25日,格里申在其登记增加养老金时因心脏病发作死于莫斯科,享年78岁。 (zh)
  • Viktor Vasilyevich Grishin (Russian: Ви́ктор Васи́льевич Гри́шин; 18 September [O.S. 5 September] 1914 – 25 May 1992) was a Soviet politician. He was a Candidate (1961–1971) and Full Member (1971–1986) of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. In late-December 1985, Grishin was replaced by Boris Yeltsin as the First Secretary of the Moscow Party Committee. Grishin lost his position as a member of the Politburo soon thereafter. (en)
  • Viktor Vasilyevich Grishin (em russo: Ви́ктор Васи́льевич Гри́шин; 18 de setembro de 1914 – 25 de maio de 1992) foi um político soviético, conhecido por sua linha dura dentro das discussões partidárias, exercidas principalmente durante a Era da Estagnação.Seu mais alto cargo foi a associação ao Politburo da União Soviética, entre 1971 e 1986, após dez anos como candidato. (pt)
  • Wiktor Wasiljewicz Griszyn (ros. Ви́ктор Васи́льевич Гри́шин; ur. 18 września 1914 w Sierpuchowie, zm. 25 maja 1992 w Moskwie) - radziecki polityk, członek Biura Politycznego KC KPZR (1971-1986), deputowany do Rady Najwyższej ZSRR (1954-1987), dwukrotny Bohater Pracy Socjalistycznej (1974 i 1984). (pl)
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  • Viktor Grishin (en)
  • Wiktor Wassiljewitsch Grischin (de)
  • ヴィクトル・グリシン (ja)
  • Wiktor Griszyn (pl)
  • Гришин, Виктор Васильевич (ru)
  • Viktor Grishin (pt)
  • 维克托·瓦西里耶维奇·格里申 (zh)
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  • Viktor Grishin (en)
  • (Ви́ктор Гри́шин) (en)
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  • Grishin (en)
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