Galdan Tseren (?–1745) was a Choros-Oirat prince and the Khong Tayiji of the Dzungar Khanate from 1727 until his death in 1745. Galdan Tseren was the eldest son of Tsewang Rabtan. After the assassination of his father by rival factions, a civil war followed between his sons of which Galdan Tseren emerged victorious and crowned himself the new Dzungar Khan. Galdan Tseren continued his fathers policies of confrontation with the Qing dynasty. He refused to surrender , the leader of the revolt of the Kokonor (Qinghai) Khoshuts of 1723, and he initiated a policy of harassment of the Khalkha Mongols, the Manchu's allies.

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  • Galdan Tsereng († August oder September 1745) war von 1727 bis 1745 Khan des Dsungarischen Khanats. Er war der Sohn und Nachfolger von Tsewangrabtan und setzte dessen Politik mit ähnlichem Erfolg fort. (de)
  • Galdan Tseren (mongol : ᠺᠠᠯᠳᠠᠨᠼᠧᠷᠢᠩ, cyrillique : Галдан цэрэн ; chinois simplifié : 噶尔丹策棱 ; chinois traditionnel : 噶爾丹策棱 ; pinyin : gá'ěrdān cèlèng), né en 1695 et décédé en 1745 est un prince Dzoungar-Oïrat du Khanat dzoungar. (fr)
  • Galdan Tseren (?–1745) was a Choros-Oirat prince and the Khong Tayiji of the Dzungar Khanate from 1727 until his death in 1745. Galdan Tseren was the eldest son of Tsewang Rabtan. After the assassination of his father by rival factions, a civil war followed between his sons of which Galdan Tseren emerged victorious and crowned himself the new Dzungar Khan. Galdan Tseren continued his fathers policies of confrontation with the Qing dynasty. He refused to surrender , the leader of the revolt of the Kokonor (Qinghai) Khoshuts of 1723, and he initiated a policy of harassment of the Khalkha Mongols, the Manchu's allies. In the spring of 1729, war broke out against the Chinese and Galdan Tseren's forces obtained numerous victories against the Manchu. The war dragged on until 1737. Peace negotiations had already started in 1734. In 1737 both sides finally made peace and the Galdan Tseren accepted the condition of tributary. Galdan Tseren not only viewed war as the only medium to strengthen his kingdom, he also worked to improve its economic and technological base. On his campaigns he captured many learned men and put them to work for the benefit of his state. Turkic oasis dwellers worked on developing irrigation projects for agriculture, he built factories to produce velvet, paper and cloth. Galdan Tseren possessed a powerful army of 80–100,000 cavalrymen, all armed with firearms and with sufficient mounts. He also developed his own small military industry with the help of captured officers like the Swedish Johan Gustaf Renat. But the base of Galdan Tseren's finances lay in the profits gained from his control of the trade route between Russia and China, the well known Tea Road, along which valuable Chinese products flowed to Moscow. Galdan Tseren died in 1745, the Dzungar Khanate that he had strengthened would fall prey to a succession dispute among his three sons, and would later be defeated and subject to genocide by the Qing Qianlong Emperor. (en)
  • Galdan Tseren (overleden 1745) was vanaf 1727 de heerser van het kanaat Dzjoengarije. Tijdens zijn periode kwamen afgebakende en gemarkeerde grenzen tot stand tussen het kanaat en het China van de Qing-dynastie. (nl)
  • Галдан-Цэрэн (Эрдэни-Батур-хунтайджи II) (1693? — 1745) — IV правитель Ойратской державы (Джунгарии) (1727—1745). Представитель рода чорос, старший сын и преемник джунгарского хана Цэван-Рабдана. (ru)
  • 噶尔丹策零,又译噶勒丹策凌(蒙古语:ᠺᠠᠯᠳᠠᠨ ᠼᠧᠷᠢᠩ,西里尔字母:Галдан цэрэн,1695年-1745年),为18世纪准噶尔汗国的可汗,策妄阿拉布坦之子。1727年,策妄阿拉布坦暴毙,他承继父位,设立了独立的军事组织“昂吉”,组建了1000人的专门炮兵部队——“包沁”。两年后,雍正帝采纳大学士张廷玉的意见,以傅尔丹为靖边大将军,出北路阿尔泰;以岳钟琪为宁远大将军,出西路巴里坤。1731年,傅尔丹驻科布多,在和通泊被准噶尔偷袭,大败。岳钟琪围魏救赵,攻打乌鲁木齐,准噶尔弃城先走,岳钟琪一无所获,和通泊之战,准噶尔胜利。雍正帝将傅尔丹免职,由马尔赛为抚远大将军,驻军归化城。1732年七月,噶尔丹策零亲自东征外蒙古,兵至杭爱山。土谢图汗部首领额驸策棱,率军三万大败噶尔丹策零,噶尔丹策零因马尔赛未加配合才得以逃脱。雍正帝怒斩马尔赛,厚赏额驸策棱。1734年,清准和谈,以阿尔泰山为界。西北进入了十年和平时期。1745年,准噶尔汗国爆发大瘟疫,五十岁的噶尔丹策零9月在伊犁染病去世。之后,次子策妄多尔济那木扎尔和长子喇嘛达尔扎争位,十年后,清朝就攻灭了准噶尔汗国。 (zh)
  • Галдан-Церен (бл. 1693—1745) — 6-й хан Джунгарії в 1727—1745 роках. (uk)
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  • Galdan Tsereng († August oder September 1745) war von 1727 bis 1745 Khan des Dsungarischen Khanats. Er war der Sohn und Nachfolger von Tsewangrabtan und setzte dessen Politik mit ähnlichem Erfolg fort. (de)
  • Galdan Tseren (mongol : ᠺᠠᠯᠳᠠᠨᠼᠧᠷᠢᠩ, cyrillique : Галдан цэрэн ; chinois simplifié : 噶尔丹策棱 ; chinois traditionnel : 噶爾丹策棱 ; pinyin : gá'ěrdān cèlèng), né en 1695 et décédé en 1745 est un prince Dzoungar-Oïrat du Khanat dzoungar. (fr)
  • Galdan Tseren (overleden 1745) was vanaf 1727 de heerser van het kanaat Dzjoengarije. Tijdens zijn periode kwamen afgebakende en gemarkeerde grenzen tot stand tussen het kanaat en het China van de Qing-dynastie. (nl)
  • Галдан-Цэрэн (Эрдэни-Батур-хунтайджи II) (1693? — 1745) — IV правитель Ойратской державы (Джунгарии) (1727—1745). Представитель рода чорос, старший сын и преемник джунгарского хана Цэван-Рабдана. (ru)
  • 噶尔丹策零,又译噶勒丹策凌(蒙古语:ᠺᠠᠯᠳᠠᠨ ᠼᠧᠷᠢᠩ,西里尔字母:Галдан цэрэн,1695年-1745年),为18世纪准噶尔汗国的可汗,策妄阿拉布坦之子。1727年,策妄阿拉布坦暴毙,他承继父位,设立了独立的军事组织“昂吉”,组建了1000人的专门炮兵部队——“包沁”。两年后,雍正帝采纳大学士张廷玉的意见,以傅尔丹为靖边大将军,出北路阿尔泰;以岳钟琪为宁远大将军,出西路巴里坤。1731年,傅尔丹驻科布多,在和通泊被准噶尔偷袭,大败。岳钟琪围魏救赵,攻打乌鲁木齐,准噶尔弃城先走,岳钟琪一无所获,和通泊之战,准噶尔胜利。雍正帝将傅尔丹免职,由马尔赛为抚远大将军,驻军归化城。1732年七月,噶尔丹策零亲自东征外蒙古,兵至杭爱山。土谢图汗部首领额驸策棱,率军三万大败噶尔丹策零,噶尔丹策零因马尔赛未加配合才得以逃脱。雍正帝怒斩马尔赛,厚赏额驸策棱。1734年,清准和谈,以阿尔泰山为界。西北进入了十年和平时期。1745年,准噶尔汗国爆发大瘟疫,五十岁的噶尔丹策零9月在伊犁染病去世。之后,次子策妄多尔济那木扎尔和长子喇嘛达尔扎争位,十年后,清朝就攻灭了准噶尔汗国。 (zh)
  • Галдан-Церен (бл. 1693—1745) — 6-й хан Джунгарії в 1727—1745 роках. (uk)
  • Galdan Tseren (?–1745) was a Choros-Oirat prince and the Khong Tayiji of the Dzungar Khanate from 1727 until his death in 1745. Galdan Tseren was the eldest son of Tsewang Rabtan. After the assassination of his father by rival factions, a civil war followed between his sons of which Galdan Tseren emerged victorious and crowned himself the new Dzungar Khan. Galdan Tseren continued his fathers policies of confrontation with the Qing dynasty. He refused to surrender , the leader of the revolt of the Kokonor (Qinghai) Khoshuts of 1723, and he initiated a policy of harassment of the Khalkha Mongols, the Manchu's allies. (en)
rdfs:label
  • Galdan Tsereng (de)
  • Galdan Tseren (en)
  • Galdan Tseren (fr)
  • Galdan Tseren (nl)
  • Галдан-Цэрэн (ru)
  • Галдан-Церен (uk)
  • 噶尔丹策零 (zh)
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  • Galdan Tseren (en)
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