Cellules Communistes Combattantes (CCC; Communist Combatant Cells, also known as Fighting Communist Cells) was a Belgian terrorist organization committed to a Communist ideology. The cells were active for less than two years in the mid-1980s; primarily engaged in bombings within Belgium's borders. CCC attacked perceived enemies of communism, specifically NATO, US and other international businesses and the Federation of Belgian Enterprises. The Cellules Communistes Combattantes primarily targeted property rather than human representatives of capitalism, NATO, etc., and warned authorities ahead of an attack. Nevertheless, CCC bombings led to several injuries and two deaths.

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  • Die Cellules Communistes Combattantes (CCC) (deutsch: Kämpfende kommunistische Zellen) waren eine in der Mitte der 1980er Jahre in Belgien aktive linksterroristische Gruppe. Sie waren für 24 Anschläge verantwortlich. Ideologisch waren sie marxistisch-leninistisch und antiimperialistisch ausgerichtet. (de)
  • Cellules Communistes Combattantes (CCC; Communist Combatant Cells, also known as Fighting Communist Cells) was a Belgian terrorist organization committed to a Communist ideology. The cells were active for less than two years in the mid-1980s; primarily engaged in bombings within Belgium's borders. CCC attacked perceived enemies of communism, specifically NATO, US and other international businesses and the Federation of Belgian Enterprises. The Cellules Communistes Combattantes primarily targeted property rather than human representatives of capitalism, NATO, etc., and warned authorities ahead of an attack. Nevertheless, CCC bombings led to several injuries and two deaths. The CCC's spate of bombings in 1985, as well as the unrelated Brabant killings at the time, shook this otherwise relatively tranquil country and created widespread security concerns. The government decided to deploy about 1,000 soldiers from the Belgian army as part of PM Wilfried Martens' security plan. In December 1985, police arrested CCC leader and founder Pierre Carette and others, in an American-styled burger restaurant. Carette's conviction on 14 January 1986 essentially eliminated the CCC. Pierre Carette was released from prison in February 2003. In 2008, Pierre Carette and Bertrand Sassoye were arrested again on parole violations and connections to the Italian terrorist group Partito Comunista Politico-Militare, but they were released by the court a few days later, on 18 June. (en)
  • Le Cellule Comuniste Combattenti erano un'organizzazione rivoluzionaria armata marxista-leninista belga. Tutta la loro attività politica e militare era tesa a far emergere e a far sviluppare un potente movimento proletario organizzato, per la liquidazione del sistema capitalistico e per la costruzione del socialismo. Il nucleo di militanti che darà vita all'organizzazione nasce nel 1983 a Bruxelles, grazie anche all'apporto di alcuni militanti della francese Action directe, durante un processo di riflessione sulle forze combattenti presenti in Belgio; sono persone che avevano avuto percorsi di vita differenti e avevano esperienze politiche molto diverse tra loro: alcuni erano semplicemente dei marxisti-leninisti che non avevano ancora preso coscienza della lotta armata; altri erano contrari alla pratica rivoluzionaria; molti la accettavano ma solo su lotte parziali, quali l'antifascismo, l'antimilitarismo e l'antimperialismo; altri ancora erano reduci da un lungo cammino politico ai limiti del riformismo. Tutte queste componenti, insieme, si convincono della bontà delle idee marxiste-leniniste accostate alla pratica della lotta armata. E così decidono di dare vita ad una nuova organizzazione rivoluzionaria in Belgio: le Cellule Comuniste Combattenti per la Costruzione dell', che nelle intenzioni dei fondatori dovrebbe essere il trampolino di lancio per la fondazione del . Il programma politico dell'organizzazione è piuttosto semplice, almeno all'inizio: nazionalizzazione senza indennizzo di tutte le industrie presenti sul suolo belga, lavoro e benessere per tutti, diminuzione dell'orario di lavoro a parità di salario, gratuità di tutti i servizi pubblici. Insomma la pianificazione socialista. (it)
  • Les Cellules communistes combattantes (CCC) sont une organisation belge terroriste d'extrême gauche, fondée en juin 1983 et responsable de plusieurs attentats. Après l'arrestation des principaux membres en 1985, le groupe disparaît. (fr)
  • 戦闘的共産主義者細胞(せんとうてききょうさんしゅぎしゃさいぼう、Cellules Communistes Combattantes、CCC)はベルギーの極左テロ組織。 (ja)
  • Cellules Communistes Combattantes (CCC) (Frans voor: Strijdende Communistische Cellen) is de benaming van een extreemlinkse actiegroep die in 1984 en 1985 veertien aanslagen pleegde in België. De CCC kondigden aanslagen vaak van tevoren aan. Toch werden twee brandweerlieden gedood en raakten 28 mensen gewond. Op 16 december 1985 werden vier leden opgepakt en kwam er aan de CCC-acties een einde. (nl)
  • Walczące Komórki Komunistyczne (fr. Cellules Communistes Combattantes, CCC) – belgijska organizacja terrorystyczna. (pl)
  • Сражающиеся коммунистические ячейки (фр. Cellules communistes combattantes) — бельгийская леворадикальная подпольная организация, созданная в 1983 г. Выступала с антиимпериалистических марксистско-ленинских позиций и вела в отличие от КПБ активную вооружённую борьбу, от чего и происходит название «сражающиеся». Была разгромлена в 1985 г.: руководитель группы и три члена организации были арестованы и осуждены на большие сроки заключения. В настоящее время все бывшие члены СКЯ на свободе, а и продолжают активно участвовать в левом движении в стране. (ru)
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  • Logo of the CCC (en)
dbp:crimes
  • Attacks on property and international organisation (en)
dbp:dates
  • (en)
dbp:financing
  • Robbery (en)
dbp:ideology
dbp:leader
  • Pierre Carette and Bertrand Sassoye (en)
dbp:logo
  • Communist Combatant Cells Logo.png (en)
dbp:name
  • CCC (en)
  • Cellules Communistes Combattantes (en)
dbp:status
  • Inactive (en)
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rdfs:comment
  • Die Cellules Communistes Combattantes (CCC) (deutsch: Kämpfende kommunistische Zellen) waren eine in der Mitte der 1980er Jahre in Belgien aktive linksterroristische Gruppe. Sie waren für 24 Anschläge verantwortlich. Ideologisch waren sie marxistisch-leninistisch und antiimperialistisch ausgerichtet. (de)
  • Les Cellules communistes combattantes (CCC) sont une organisation belge terroriste d'extrême gauche, fondée en juin 1983 et responsable de plusieurs attentats. Après l'arrestation des principaux membres en 1985, le groupe disparaît. (fr)
  • 戦闘的共産主義者細胞(せんとうてききょうさんしゅぎしゃさいぼう、Cellules Communistes Combattantes、CCC)はベルギーの極左テロ組織。 (ja)
  • Cellules Communistes Combattantes (CCC) (Frans voor: Strijdende Communistische Cellen) is de benaming van een extreemlinkse actiegroep die in 1984 en 1985 veertien aanslagen pleegde in België. De CCC kondigden aanslagen vaak van tevoren aan. Toch werden twee brandweerlieden gedood en raakten 28 mensen gewond. Op 16 december 1985 werden vier leden opgepakt en kwam er aan de CCC-acties een einde. (nl)
  • Walczące Komórki Komunistyczne (fr. Cellules Communistes Combattantes, CCC) – belgijska organizacja terrorystyczna. (pl)
  • Сражающиеся коммунистические ячейки (фр. Cellules communistes combattantes) — бельгийская леворадикальная подпольная организация, созданная в 1983 г. Выступала с антиимпериалистических марксистско-ленинских позиций и вела в отличие от КПБ активную вооружённую борьбу, от чего и происходит название «сражающиеся». Была разгромлена в 1985 г.: руководитель группы и три члена организации были арестованы и осуждены на большие сроки заключения. В настоящее время все бывшие члены СКЯ на свободе, а и продолжают активно участвовать в левом движении в стране. (ru)
  • Cellules Communistes Combattantes (CCC; Communist Combatant Cells, also known as Fighting Communist Cells) was a Belgian terrorist organization committed to a Communist ideology. The cells were active for less than two years in the mid-1980s; primarily engaged in bombings within Belgium's borders. CCC attacked perceived enemies of communism, specifically NATO, US and other international businesses and the Federation of Belgian Enterprises. The Cellules Communistes Combattantes primarily targeted property rather than human representatives of capitalism, NATO, etc., and warned authorities ahead of an attack. Nevertheless, CCC bombings led to several injuries and two deaths. (en)
  • Le Cellule Comuniste Combattenti erano un'organizzazione rivoluzionaria armata marxista-leninista belga. Tutta la loro attività politica e militare era tesa a far emergere e a far sviluppare un potente movimento proletario organizzato, per la liquidazione del sistema capitalistico e per la costruzione del socialismo. (it)
rdfs:label
  • Cellules Communistes Combattantes (de)
  • Communist Combatant Cells (en)
  • Cellules communistes combattantes (fr)
  • Cellule comuniste combattenti (it)
  • 戦闘的共産主義者細胞 (ja)
  • Cellules Communistes Combattantes (nl)
  • Walczące Komórki Komunistyczne (pl)
  • Сражающиеся коммунистические ячейки (ru)
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