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The Uryankhay Republic (Chinese: 烏梁海共和國) was a nominally independent state that broke away from the Qing dynasty of China during the Xinhai Revolution. It was proclaimed as a republic in 1911 by the Tuvan separatist movement and was encouraged by the Russian Empire. On 1 December 1911, Outer Mongolia declared independence from the Qing dynasty of China. Throughout the rest of December, bands of Uriankhai began to plunder and burn Chinese-owned shops.

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rdfs:label
  • Uryankhay Republic
  • 乌梁海共和国
rdfs:comment
  • 乌梁海共和国是在辛亥革命期间脱离清帝国而名义上独立的国家。1911年,图瓦分离主义运动宣布成立这个共和国,其中背后受到俄罗斯帝国的鼓励。1911年12月1日,外蒙古宣布脱离中国独立。在12月剩下的时间里,乌梁海部落开始抢劫和烧毁中国人开的商店。
  • The Uryankhay Republic (Chinese: 烏梁海共和國) was a nominally independent state that broke away from the Qing dynasty of China during the Xinhai Revolution. It was proclaimed as a republic in 1911 by the Tuvan separatist movement and was encouraged by the Russian Empire. On 1 December 1911, Outer Mongolia declared independence from the Qing dynasty of China. Throughout the rest of December, bands of Uriankhai began to plunder and burn Chinese-owned shops.
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common name
  • Uryankhay Republic
date end
  • --04-17
date start
  • --12-01
deputy
foaf:name
  • Uryankhay Republic
  • Republic of Uryankhay
  • 烏梁海共和國
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  • External Image
  • External Image
  • External Image
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title deputy
today
year deputy
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government type
image map
  • Map_of_Uryankhay_Republic_in_Qing_China.png
p
  • Tannu Uriankhai
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  • Uryankhay Krai
image map caption
  • The Uryankhay Republic within Qing China
common languages
conventional long name
  • Republic of Uryankhay
  • 烏梁海共和國
flag p
  • Flag of China .svg
flag s
  • Flag of Uriankhai .svg
government type
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  • The Uryankhay Republic (Chinese: 烏梁海共和國) was a nominally independent state that broke away from the Qing dynasty of China during the Xinhai Revolution. It was proclaimed as a republic in 1911 by the Tuvan separatist movement and was encouraged by the Russian Empire. On 1 December 1911, Outer Mongolia declared independence from the Qing dynasty of China. Throughout the rest of December, bands of Uriankhai began to plunder and burn Chinese-owned shops. Uriankhai nobles were divided on their course of political action. The Uriankhai governor (amban-Noyon), Gombo-Dorzhu, advocated becoming a protectorate of Russia, hoping that the Russians would appoint him Governor of Uriankhai. However, the princess of two other (tuvan : Kozhuun meaning "Banners") preferred to submit to the new Outer Mongolian state under the theocratic rule of Buddhist spiritual leader Jebstundamba Khutukhtu of Urga. Undeterred, Gombu-Dorzhu sent a petition to the Tsar's Frontier Superintendent at Usinsk, stating that he had been chosen as leader of an independent Tannu Uriankhai state. He asked for protection and proposed that Russian troops be sent immediately into the country to prevent China from restoring its rule over the region. There was no reply – three months earlier, the Tsarist Council of Ministers had decided on a policy of cautious gradual absorption of Uriankhai by encouraging Russian colonization. The Council feared that precipitous action by Russia might provoke China. Tsar Nicholas II ordered Russian troops into the Uryankhay Republic in 1912, under the pretext that Russian settlers were allegedly being attacked. However, this position changed as a result of pressure from commercial circles in Russia for a more activist approach. Additionally, a Russian-sponsored petition from two Uriankhai khoshuuns in the fall of 1913 requested they be accepted as a part of Russia. Other Uriankhai khoshuuns soon followed suit. On 14 April 1914, the Uryankhay Republic became a Russian protectorate as the Uryankhay Krai.
  • 乌梁海共和国是在辛亥革命期间脱离清帝国而名义上独立的国家。1911年,图瓦分离主义运动宣布成立这个共和国,其中背后受到俄罗斯帝国的鼓励。1911年12月1日,外蒙古宣布脱离中国独立。在12月剩下的时间里,乌梁海部落开始抢劫和烧毁中国人开的商店。
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