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In India, "The Emergency" refers to a 21-month period from 1975 to 1977 when Prime Minister Indira Gandhi had a state of emergency declared across the country. Officially issued by President Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed under Article 352 of the Constitution because of the prevailing "internal disturbance", the Emergency was in effect from 25 June 1975 until its withdrawal on 21 March 1977. The order bestowed upon the Prime Minister the authority to rule by decree, allowing elections to be suspended and civil liberties to be curbed. For much of the Emergency, most of Indira Gandhi's political opponents were imprisoned and the press was censored. Several other human rights violations were reported from the time, including a mass forced sterilization campaign spearheaded by Sanjay Gandhi, the Prime M

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  • The Emergency (India)
  • Ausnahmezustand in Indien 1975–1977
  • État d'urgence (Inde)
  • Masa Darurat (India)
  • 비상사태 (인도)
  • Чрезвычайное положение в Индии (1975—1977)
  • 紧急状态 (印度)
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  • Am 25. Juni 1975 ließ Premierministerin Indira Gandhi den Ausnahmezustand in Indien proklamieren (englisch unter dem Begriff The Emergency bekannt). Der Ausnahmezustand bestand über 21 Monate bis zum 21. März 1977. In dieser Zeit waren die Grundrechte wie Pressefreiheit aufgehoben oder eingeschränkt, zahlreiche Oppositionelle wurden inhaftiert und die Premierministerin regierte weitgehend per Dekret. Die Zeit des Ausnahmezustandes zählt zu den am kontroversesten diskutierten Perioden der neueren indischen Geschichte.Bei der im März 1977 durchgeführten Parlamentswahl erlitt die von Indira Gandhi geführte Kongresspartei eine schwere Niederlage, die erste größere in ihrer Geschichte, was das Ende des Ausnahmezustandes bedeutete.
  • L'état d'urgence du 25 juin 1975 au 21 mars 1977 est la période de 21 mois pendant laquelle le président Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed, sur la recommandation de la Première ministre Indira Gandhi, a mis en application l'article 352 de la Constitution et proclamé l'état d'urgence en Inde, suspendant ainsi les libertés publiques et les élections. Il s'agit de la période la plus controversée de l'histoire récente de l'Inde.
  • 비상사태(the Emergency)는 인도의 역사에서 인디라 간디 수상이 일방적으로 국가비상사태를 선포한 1975년 6월 25일부터 1977년 3월 21일까지의 21개월을 가리킨다. 이에 따라 선거가 연기되고 시민자유가 제한되었다. 비상사태 기간 동안 간디의 정치적 반대자들은 대부분 투옥되었고 언론은 검열되었다. 사실상의 친위 쿠데타로, 인도 현대사에서 가장 논쟁적인 주제이기도 하다.
  • Чрезвычайное положение в Индии (хинди आपातकाल (भारत); англ. The Emergency (India)) — авторитарное правление Индиры Ганди и Индийского национального конгресса с июня 1975 по март 1977. Имело целью подавление политической оппозиции и массового недовольства в стране, укрепление властных позиций ИНК и его лидера. Характеризовалось отменой конституционных гарантий, запретом оппозиционных организаций, цензурой СМИ, политическими репрессиями, резким ужесточением социальной политики. Завершилось поражением ИНК на парламентских выборах и приходом к власти оппозиционной коалиции.
  • 在印度,“ 非常时刻”(the Emergency)是指1975年至1977年的21个月的紧急状态,总理英迪拉·甘地在全国范围内宣布紧急状态。由于普遍存在的“内部骚乱”,法赫德丁·阿里·艾哈迈德总统根据印度宪法第352条宣布的紧急状态从1975年6月25日起生效,直到1977年3月21日撤回为止。赋予总理权力的规定法令,可以暂停选举,并遏制公民自由。在紧急状态的大部分时间里,甘地的大多数政治对手都被监禁,新闻界受到审查。据报道还有其他几起侵犯人权事件,其中包括总理的儿子桑贾伊·甘地带头的的强制大规模绝育活动。紧急状态是印度历史上最有争议的时期之一。
  • In India, "The Emergency" refers to a 21-month period from 1975 to 1977 when Prime Minister Indira Gandhi had a state of emergency declared across the country. Officially issued by President Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed under Article 352 of the Constitution because of the prevailing "internal disturbance", the Emergency was in effect from 25 June 1975 until its withdrawal on 21 March 1977. The order bestowed upon the Prime Minister the authority to rule by decree, allowing elections to be suspended and civil liberties to be curbed. For much of the Emergency, most of Indira Gandhi's political opponents were imprisoned and the press was censored. Several other human rights violations were reported from the time, including a mass forced sterilization campaign spearheaded by Sanjay Gandhi, the Prime M
  • Di India, "Masa Darurat" merujuk kepada periode 21 bulan dari 1975 sampai 1977 saat Perdana Menteri Indira Gandhi mendeklarasikan di seluruh negeri. Resmi dikeluarkan oleh Presiden Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed di bawah Artikel 352(1) dari Konstitusi karena "gangguan dalam negeri", Masa Darurat tersebut berlaku dari 25 Juni 1975 sampai pengangkatannya pada 21 Maretn 1977. Perintah tersebut dilayangkan dari Perdana Menteri kepada otoritas melalui , membolehkan pemilihan-pemilihan ditunda dan kebebasan sipil dibelenggu. Selama sebagian besar Masa Darurat, kebanyakan lawan politik Gandhi ditahan dan pers disensor. Beberapa pelanggaran HAM lain dikabarkan pada masa itu, termasuk kampanye sterilisasi massal paksa yang dinaungi oleh , putra Perdana Menteri tersebut. Masa Darat tersebut adalah periode pa
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