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The spark spread is the theoretical gross margin of a gas-fired power plant from selling a unit of electricity, having bought the fuel required to produce this unit of electricity. All other costs (operation and maintenance, capital and other financial costs) must be covered from the spark spread. The term was first coined by Tony West's trading team on the trading floor of National Power Ltd in Swindon, UK during the late 1990s and quickly came into common usage as other traders realised the trading and hedging opportunities.

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  • Spark Spread
  • Spark spread
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  • Der Spark Spread ist die theoretische Bruttomarge eines Gaskraftwerkes aus dem Verkauf einer Einheit Strom und dem Kauf der Einheiten Gas, die zur Produktion erforderlich ist. Alle anderen Kosten (Betrieb, Wartung, Kapital und andere Kosten) müssen durch den Spark Spread gedeckt werden. Der Begriff Dark Spread bezeichnet die entsprechende Bruttomarge für Kohlekraftwerke. Clean Spread Indikatoren berücksichtigen zusätzlich den Preis für die CO2-Zertifikate, die benötigt werden, um die Einheit Strom zu produzieren.
  • The spark spread is the theoretical gross margin of a gas-fired power plant from selling a unit of electricity, having bought the fuel required to produce this unit of electricity. All other costs (operation and maintenance, capital and other financial costs) must be covered from the spark spread. The term was first coined by Tony West's trading team on the trading floor of National Power Ltd in Swindon, UK during the late 1990s and quickly came into common usage as other traders realised the trading and hedging opportunities.
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  • Der Spark Spread ist die theoretische Bruttomarge eines Gaskraftwerkes aus dem Verkauf einer Einheit Strom und dem Kauf der Einheiten Gas, die zur Produktion erforderlich ist. Alle anderen Kosten (Betrieb, Wartung, Kapital und andere Kosten) müssen durch den Spark Spread gedeckt werden. Der Begriff Dark Spread bezeichnet die entsprechende Bruttomarge für Kohlekraftwerke. Diese Indizes sind regelmäßig Inhalt publizierter Marktberichte. Sie sind nützlich, um die Preisentwicklung auf Energiemärkten zu verfolgen, die Performance eines eigenen Kraftwerks zu benchmarken und gelegentlich auch Inhalt der politischen Diskussion. Je höher der Spark oder Dark Spread, desto profitabler das idealtypische Gas- oder Kohlekraftwerk. Für die operative Einsatzoptimierung oder für Investitionsentscheidungen sind veröffentlichte Spreadindizes nicht ausreichend. Die technischen Eigenschaften, der Wirkungsgrad und die verfügbaren Marktzugänge der individuellen Anlage müssen berücksichtigt werden (siehe Kraftwerkseinsatzoptimierung). Clean Spread Indikatoren berücksichtigen zusätzlich den Preis für die CO2-Zertifikate, die benötigt werden, um die Einheit Strom zu produzieren.
  • The spark spread is the theoretical gross margin of a gas-fired power plant from selling a unit of electricity, having bought the fuel required to produce this unit of electricity. All other costs (operation and maintenance, capital and other financial costs) must be covered from the spark spread. The term was first coined by Tony West's trading team on the trading floor of National Power Ltd in Swindon, UK during the late 1990s and quickly came into common usage as other traders realised the trading and hedging opportunities. The term dark spread, quark spread and bark spread refers to the similarly defined difference between cash streams (spread) for coal-fired power plants, nuclear power plants and bio-mass power plants respectively. These indicators of power plant economics are useful for tracing energy markets. For operating or investment decisions published "spread" data are not applicable. Local market conditions, actual plant efficiencies and other plant costs have to be considered. A higher dark spread is more economically beneficial to the owner of the generator; an IPP with a dark spread of €15/MWh will be more profitable than a competitor with a dark spread of only €10/MWh. Further definition of clean spread indicators include the price of carbon dioxide emission allowances (see: Emission trading).
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