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Sanskritisation (Indian English) or Sanskritization (American English, Oxford spelling) is a particular form of social change found in India. It denotes the process by which caste or tribes placed lower in the caste hierarchy seek upward mobility by emulating the rituals and practices of the upper or dominant castes. It is a process similar to passing in sociological terms. This term was made popular by Indian sociologist M. N. Srinivas in the 1950s. According to Christophe Jaffrelot a similar heuristic is described in Castes in India: Their Mechanism, Genesis and Development by B. R. Ambedkar. Jaffrelot goes on to say, "While the term was coined by Srinivas, the process itself had been described by colonial administrators such as E. T. Atkinson in his Himalayan Gazetteer and Alfred Lyall

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  • Sanskritisation
  • Sanskritisasi
  • サンスクリット化
  • Sanscritizzazione
  • 梵化
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  • Sanskritisasi adalah suatu bentuk perubahan sosial yang terjadi di India. Hal tersebut ditandai dengan proses ketika kasta atau suku yang posisinya berada paling bawah dalam strata masyarakat, akhirnya berusaha menaikkan derajatnya dengan menyamai ritual dan praktik yang lazim dilakukan oleh kasta dominan atau yang di atas mereka. Proses ini mirip dengan passing dalam sosiologi. Istilah tersebut dipopulerkan oleh , seorang sosiolog India pada 1950-an. Menurut , heuristik serupa juga ditemukan pada makalah oleh B. R. Ambedkar. Jaffrelot menambahkan, "Kendati istilah tersebut dicetuskan oleh Srinivas, proses itu sendiri dijelaskan oleh petugas kolonial [India] seperti dalam Himalayan Gazetteer, dan , yang mungkin digali kembali oleh Ambedkar."
  • サンスクリット化(サンスクリットか)とは、インドにみられる特異な社会変化の様式である。上位または、(カーストの儀礼的上下にかかわらず、経済的に)優位にあるカーストの儀礼や実践を模倣することにより、カースト階層の低位の者が上の階層を目指す過程(プロセス)を指している。社会学的用語としての「」に近いプロセスである。 この語は、1950年代に、インド人社会学者、によって一般化された。 しかしこれより以前に、ビームラーオ・アンベードカルの『インドのカースト-その昨日、起源、発展』がこのプロセスについて言及している。 また、脈絡は違うが、この「社会的階梯における上から下への模倣の降下」というプロセスについては、最も早いものとして、ガブリエル・タルドの『模倣の法則』に見ることができる。
  • 梵化,是指低種姓(首陀羅)的人與賤民通過模仿高種姓(婆羅門)的行為來提升種姓。也是指一些民族吸收了印度教生活习惯和聘請婆羅門為祭司後。成为印度教中的种姓。 種姓原則上在人一生中不可改變,但如整個種姓不再從事受歧視的工作,素食與禁止寡婦再婚,則可以在四至五代提高種姓(泰米爾納德邦有一些種姓成功了)。尼泊尔的一些佛教民族如尼瓦尔人、卡斯人与馬嘉族也被印度教化。
  • Sanskritisation (Indian English) or Sanskritization (American English, Oxford spelling) is a particular form of social change found in India. It denotes the process by which caste or tribes placed lower in the caste hierarchy seek upward mobility by emulating the rituals and practices of the upper or dominant castes. It is a process similar to passing in sociological terms. This term was made popular by Indian sociologist M. N. Srinivas in the 1950s. According to Christophe Jaffrelot a similar heuristic is described in Castes in India: Their Mechanism, Genesis and Development by B. R. Ambedkar. Jaffrelot goes on to say, "While the term was coined by Srinivas, the process itself had been described by colonial administrators such as E. T. Atkinson in his Himalayan Gazetteer and Alfred Lyall
  • In sociologia e nelle scienze etnoantropologiche è definito sanscritizzazione un processo sociale osservato in India che porta i gruppi appartenenti alle caste più basse a tentare di innalzare il livello sociale adottando gli usi e le credenze delle caste più alte. Ciò avviene tramite l'emulazione delle caste rituali più elevate, ad esempio adottando una dieta vegetariana, o ancora indossare certi abiti rituali. Il sistema gerarchico delle caste non viene tuttavia alterato da questo processo.
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