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Bilad al-Sham (Arabic: بِلَاد الشَّام, romanized: Bilād al-Shām), often referred to as Islamic Syria or simply Syria in English-language sources, was a province of the Rashidun, Umayyad, Abbasid, and Fatimid caliphates. It roughly corresponded with the Byzantine Diocese of the East, conquered by the Muslims in 634–647. Under the Umayyads (661–750) Bilad al-Sham was the metropolitan province of the Caliphate and different localities throughout the province served as the seats of the Umayyad caliphs and princes.

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rdf:type
rdfs:label
  • Bilad al-Sham
  • بلاد الشام (ولاية إسلامية)
  • Bilad al-Sham (histórico)
  • Bilad el-Cham
  • Bilad asy-Syam
  • Bilade Xame
  • 沙姆地区
rdfs:comment
  • بلاد الشام اسم أطلقه المسلمون على سورية بعد الفتح الإسلامي لبلاد الشام. شملت هذه الولاية كل مناطق سوريا الكبرى.
  • Bilad asy-Syam (bahasa Arab: بلاد الشام‎, "negara utara", diyakini Suriah) adalah sebuah provinsi Rashidun, dan kemudian Kekhalifahan Abbasiyah di . Ini menginkorporasikan bekas kawasan Bizantium dari , yang diorganisir tak lama setelah penaklukan Suriah oleh Muslim pada pertengahan abad ke-7, yang membulatkan Pertempuran Yarmuk. Nama Bilad asy-Syām artinya "tanah di utara"; atau secara harfiah artinya "tanah di tangan kiri", berseberangan dengan wilayah di Hijaz yang menghadap ke timur (Yaman artinya "tanah tangan kanan").
  • Bilade Xame ou Bilade Axame (em árabe: بِـلَاد الـشَّـام; romaniz.: Bilād Xām ou Bilād ax-Xām), cujo nome significava "Região à esquerda" em referência ao nascer do Sol, era o território administrado sucessivamente pelos Califados Ortodoxo (632–661), Omíada (661–750) e Abássida (750–1258). No início do período islâmico, correspondia o que no século XX, diplomática e politicamente, era a Grande Síria, que incluía as atuais Síria, Líbano, Jordânia, Israel e Cisjordânia e as províncias de Hatai, Gaziantepe e Diarbaquir, na Turquia. O seu nome ainda designava sua capital administrativa, Damasco.
  • 沙姆地区或沙姆(阿拉伯语:بلاد الشام‎或الشام‎,拉丁化:Bilād-al-Shām或al-Shām),是阿拉伯世界对于地中海东岸的整个累范特地区或大叙利亚地区的称呼,而随着历史的发展,所指亦有所不同。如今阿拉伯人所说的沙姆地区一般包括叙利亚、约旦、黎巴嫩和巴勒斯坦(巴勒斯坦国)。
  • Bilad al-Sham (Arabic: بِلَاد الشَّام, romanized: Bilād al-Shām), often referred to as Islamic Syria or simply Syria in English-language sources, was a province of the Rashidun, Umayyad, Abbasid, and Fatimid caliphates. It roughly corresponded with the Byzantine Diocese of the East, conquered by the Muslims in 634–647. Under the Umayyads (661–750) Bilad al-Sham was the metropolitan province of the Caliphate and different localities throughout the province served as the seats of the Umayyad caliphs and princes.
  • El Bilad Al-Sham (en árabe بلاد الشام, literalmente «País del Sham») fue una provincia del Califato Rashidun, el Califato Omeya, el Califato abasí y el Califato fatimí ubicada en las actuales Siria, Líbano, Israel, Palestina y Jordania aproximadamente. El Califato conquistó los antiguos territorios bizantinos de la Diócesis de Oriente, organizados poco después de la conquista musulmana del Levante a mediados del siglo VII, que se completó tras la decisiva batalla de Yarmuk.
  • Le terme traditionnel arabe Bilad al-Cham ou Bilad el-Chem ou Bilad al-Sham (en arabe : بلاد الشام, prononcé « Bilad oush-Sham ») est le nom donné par les conquérants arabes au Moyen-âge à la Grande Syrie. Cette région contenait l'équivalent des États actuels de Syrie, Liban, Jordanie, Israël et Palestine, plus une partie du sud-est de l'actuelle Turquie. Le Bilad el-Cham n'est pas exactement synonyme de « Grande Syrie » ou de « Levant », car la Grande Syrie a pu être considérée comme une trop petite région, et que Levant a parfois désigné une région plus étendue.
foaf:name
  • Syria
  • Bilad al-Sham
  • بِلَاد الشَّام
foaf:depiction
  • http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Special:FilePath/Dioecesis_Orientis_400_AD.png
  • http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Special:FilePath/Early_Islamic_Syria,_ca._640s.png
  • http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Special:FilePath/Simple_Labarum2.svg
  • http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Special:FilePath/Syria_in_the_9th_century.svg
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