Plant ecology is a subdiscipline of ecology which studies the distribution and abundance of plants, the effects of environmental factors upon the abundance of plants, and the interactions among and between plants and other organisms. Examples of these are the distribution of temperate deciduous forests in North America, the effects of drought or flooding upon plant survival, and competition among desert plants for water, or effects of herds of grazing animals upon the composition of grasslands.

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  • 25بك المحتوى هنا ينقصه الاستشهاد بمصادر. يرجى إيراد مصادر موثوق بها. أي معلومات غير موثقة يمكن التشكيك بها وإزالتها. (مارس 2016) علم بيئة النبات (بالإنجليزية: Plant ecology) هو تخصص ضمن علم البيئة ويتعلق بدراسة النباتات النامية الموجودة معًا تحت ظروف متنوعة، مثل المستنقعات وأراضي الحشائش الطبيعية والصحارى والغابات. ويتضمن علم البيئة أيضًا دراسة تأثيرات كل من المناخ والإمداد المائي التربة على نمو النبات. ويهتم علم البيئة أيضًا بطريقة تأثير النباتات والحيوانات كل منها على الآخر وكذلك بحل مشاكل الغابات ونمو المحاصيل وحفظ الأنواع والتحكم في الحشرات والأمراض التي تصيب النباتات. * 32xبوابة علم النبات * 32xبوابة علوم الأرض * 32xبوابة علم البيئة * 32xبوابة تنمية مستدامةمشاريع شقيقة في كومنز صور وملفات عن: علم بيئة النبات25بك هذه بذرة مقالة عن علم النبات بحاجة للتوسيع. شارك في تحريرها. (ar)
  • Die Vegetationsökologie oder Pflanzensoziologie ist ein Teilgebiet der Pflanzenökologie. Sie untersucht die Beziehungen innerhalb und zwischen Pflanzengesellschaften (auch historisch) sowie die Abhängigkeit der Vegetation vom Standort oder auch der menschlichen Nutzung. Da die Zusammensetzung der Pflanzendecke als Indikator für den Umweltzustand eines Areals gelten kann, ist sie von zentraler Bedeutung für ökologische Bewertungen. Eine wesentliche Methode der Vegetationsökologie ist die Rasterkartierung. (de)
  • L’écologie végétale est une sous-discipline de l'écologie qui s'intéresse aux relations des végétaux entre eux et avec leur environnement (=leur habitat, ou encore biotope). Sont ainsi étudiés les mécanismes et stratégies développés par les organismes végétaux pour s'adapter aux différentes combinaisons des facteurs écologiques (comme la température, la pression atmosphérique, les concentrations en minéraux, l'humidité, etc.) que l'on peut rencontrer dans la nature. On s'intéresse ainsi à des phénomènes écologiques comme l'adaptation (ou l'accommodation) des végétaux au milieu et aux variations des conditions de vie dans ce milieu, la distribution des végétaux dans l'espace, les stratégies de survie ou de compensation de certaines carences (par exemple la symbiose algue / champignon qui forme le lichen). (fr)
  • A ecologia vegetal é a subdisciplina da ecologia que estuda a distribuição e abundância das plantas, as interações entre membros da mesma espécie e de espécies diferentes e as suas interações com o meio ambiente. A ecologia vegetal tem origem tanto na geografia das plantas, como em estudos sobre o relacionamento entre plantas individuais e o seu meio envolvente. De uma maneira geral, o âmbito da ecologia vegetal abarca a ecofisiologia vegetal, a ecologia populacional vegetal, a ecologia comunitária, a ecologia ecossistemática, a ecologia da paisagem e a ecologia global. (pt)
  • 植物生态学是生态学的一个分支学科,它研究植物的分布和数量,环境因素对植物的丰度的影响,植物和其他生物之间的相互作用。它们的实例是在北美温带落叶林的分布,沙漠植物对水的竞争,或放牧的成群动物影响草原的组成,干旱或洪水对植物生存的影响。 植物生态学研究的环境条件包括气候、光照、温度、降水;土壤的质量、营养条件;其他当地动植物和微生物,地理情况,如地形、海拔高度、水环境等,以及人为的干涉,如农田等人工生态系统。 一种植物能适应不同的环境条件能力为其“生态幅度”,在不同的环境条件下,同一种生物会变化以适应环境,产生不同的“生态类型”。 (zh)
  • Экология растений — раздел экологии, изучающий взаимозависимости и взаимодействия между растительными организмами, а также между растениями и средой их обитания. (ru)
  • Plant ecology is a subdiscipline of ecology which studies the distribution and abundance of plants, the effects of environmental factors upon the abundance of plants, and the interactions among and between plants and other organisms. Examples of these are the distribution of temperate deciduous forests in North America, the effects of drought or flooding upon plant survival, and competition among desert plants for water, or effects of herds of grazing animals upon the composition of grasslands. A global overview of the Earth's major vegetation types is provided by O.W. Archibold. He recognizes 11 major vegetation types: tropical forests, tropical savannas, arid regions (deserts), Mediterranean ecosystems, temperate forest ecosystems, temperate grasslands, coniferous forests, tundra (both polar and high mountain), terrestrial wetlands, freshwater ecosystems and coastal/marine systems. This breadth of topics shows the complexity of plant ecology, since it includes plants from floating single-celled algae up to large canopy forming trees. One feature that defines plants is photosynthesis. One of the most important aspects of plant ecology is the role plants have played in creating the oxygenated atmosphere of earth, an event that occurred some 2 billion years ago. It can be dated by the deposition of banded iron formations, distinctive sedimentary rocks with large amounts of iron oxide. At the same time, plants began removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, thereby initiating the process of controlling Earth's climate. A long term trend of the Earth has been toward increasing oxygen and decreasing carbon dioxide, and many other events in the Earths history, like the first movement of life onto land, are likely tied to this sequence of events. One of the early classic books on plant ecology was written by J.E. Weaver and F.E. Clements. It talks broadly about plant communities, and particularly the importance of forces like competition and processes like succession. Although some of the terminology is dated, this important book can still often be obtained in used book stores. Plant ecology can also be divided by levels of organization including plant ecophysiology, plant population ecology, community ecology, ecosystem ecology, landscape ecology and biosphere ecology. The study of plants and vegetation is complicated by their form. First, most plants are rooted in the soil, which makes it difficult to observe and measure nutrient uptake and species interactions. Second, plants often reproduce vegetatively, that is asexually, in a way that makes it difficult to distinguish individual plants. Indeed, the very concept of an individual is doubtful, since even a tree may be regarded as a large collection of linked meristems. Hence, plant ecology and animal ecology have different styles of approach to problems that involve processes like reproduction, dispersal and mutualism. Some plant ecologists have placed considerable emphasis upon trying to treat plant populations as if they were animal populations, focusing on population ecology. Many other ecologists believe that while it is useful to draw upon population ecology to solve certain scientific problems, plants demand that ecologists work with multiple perspectives, appropriate to the problem, the scale and the situation. (en)
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  • Die Vegetationsökologie oder Pflanzensoziologie ist ein Teilgebiet der Pflanzenökologie. Sie untersucht die Beziehungen innerhalb und zwischen Pflanzengesellschaften (auch historisch) sowie die Abhängigkeit der Vegetation vom Standort oder auch der menschlichen Nutzung. Da die Zusammensetzung der Pflanzendecke als Indikator für den Umweltzustand eines Areals gelten kann, ist sie von zentraler Bedeutung für ökologische Bewertungen. Eine wesentliche Methode der Vegetationsökologie ist die Rasterkartierung. (de)
  • A ecologia vegetal é a subdisciplina da ecologia que estuda a distribuição e abundância das plantas, as interações entre membros da mesma espécie e de espécies diferentes e as suas interações com o meio ambiente. A ecologia vegetal tem origem tanto na geografia das plantas, como em estudos sobre o relacionamento entre plantas individuais e o seu meio envolvente. De uma maneira geral, o âmbito da ecologia vegetal abarca a ecofisiologia vegetal, a ecologia populacional vegetal, a ecologia comunitária, a ecologia ecossistemática, a ecologia da paisagem e a ecologia global. (pt)
  • 植物生态学是生态学的一个分支学科,它研究植物的分布和数量,环境因素对植物的丰度的影响,植物和其他生物之间的相互作用。它们的实例是在北美温带落叶林的分布,沙漠植物对水的竞争,或放牧的成群动物影响草原的组成,干旱或洪水对植物生存的影响。 植物生态学研究的环境条件包括气候、光照、温度、降水;土壤的质量、营养条件;其他当地动植物和微生物,地理情况,如地形、海拔高度、水环境等,以及人为的干涉,如农田等人工生态系统。 一种植物能适应不同的环境条件能力为其“生态幅度”,在不同的环境条件下,同一种生物会变化以适应环境,产生不同的“生态类型”。 (zh)
  • Экология растений — раздел экологии, изучающий взаимозависимости и взаимодействия между растительными организмами, а также между растениями и средой их обитания. (ru)
  • 25بك المحتوى هنا ينقصه الاستشهاد بمصادر. يرجى إيراد مصادر موثوق بها. أي معلومات غير موثقة يمكن التشكيك بها وإزالتها. (مارس 2016) علم بيئة النبات (بالإنجليزية: Plant ecology) هو تخصص ضمن علم البيئة ويتعلق بدراسة النباتات النامية الموجودة معًا تحت ظروف متنوعة، مثل المستنقعات وأراضي الحشائش الطبيعية والصحارى والغابات. ويتضمن علم البيئة أيضًا دراسة تأثيرات كل من المناخ والإمداد المائي التربة على نمو النبات. ويهتم علم البيئة أيضًا بطريقة تأثير النباتات والحيوانات كل منها على الآخر وكذلك بحل مشاكل الغابات ونمو المحاصيل وحفظ الأنواع والتحكم في الحشرات والأمراض التي تصيب النباتات. (ar)
  • L’écologie végétale est une sous-discipline de l'écologie qui s'intéresse aux relations des végétaux entre eux et avec leur environnement (=leur habitat, ou encore biotope). Sont ainsi étudiés les mécanismes et stratégies développés par les organismes végétaux pour s'adapter aux différentes combinaisons des facteurs écologiques (comme la température, la pression atmosphérique, les concentrations en minéraux, l'humidité, etc.) que l'on peut rencontrer dans la nature. (fr)
  • Plant ecology is a subdiscipline of ecology which studies the distribution and abundance of plants, the effects of environmental factors upon the abundance of plants, and the interactions among and between plants and other organisms. Examples of these are the distribution of temperate deciduous forests in North America, the effects of drought or flooding upon plant survival, and competition among desert plants for water, or effects of herds of grazing animals upon the composition of grasslands. (en)
rdfs:label
  • Plant ecology (en)
  • علم بيئة النبات (ar)
  • Vegetationsökologie (de)
  • Écologie végétale (fr)
  • Ecologia vegetal (pt)
  • Экология растений (ru)
  • 植物生态学 (zh)
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