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Statements

Subject Item
dbr:West_Loch_disaster
rdf:type
n3:Event yago:Misfortune107304852 yago:Fire107302836 yago:Abstraction100002137 dbo:SocietalEvent yago:YagoPermanentlyLocatedEntity yago:Conflict100958896 yago:Calamity107314838 dbo:Person dbo:Event yago:WikicatDisastersInHawaii owl:Thing yago:Wikicat1944Disasters wikidata:Q1656682 yago:Trouble107289014 yago:WikicatNon-combatInternalExplosionsOnWarships yago:Wikicat20th-centuryExplosions dbo:MilitaryConflict yago:WikicatMaritimeIncidentsIn1944 yago:PsychologicalFeature100023100 yago:WikicatShipFires yago:Event100029378 yago:Incident107307477 yago:GroupAction101080366 yago:Act100030358 schema:Event yago:WikicatTransportationDisastersInHawaii yago:Happening107283608 yago:Explosion107308563 yago:WikicatMaritimeIncidentsInTheUnitedStates yago:Discharge107307754 yago:WikicatAccidentalExplosionDisastersInTheUnitedStates
rdfs:label
Catastrophe du West Loch West Loch disaster
rdfs:comment
The West Loch Disaster was a maritime accident during World War II at Pearl Harbor U.S. Naval Base in Hawaii. The incident, which occurred just after 3 p.m. on Sunday, May 21, 1944, began following an explosion in a staging area for Landing Ships, Tank (LSTs) and other amphibious assault ships in West Loch. A fire quickly spread among the ships being prepared for Operation Forager, the invasion of the Japanese-held Mariana Islands. Over the next 24 hours, six LSTs sank, 163 naval personnel died, and 396 were injured. La catastrophe du West Loch est un accident maritime étant survenue pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale à la base navale américaine de Pearl Harbor à Hawaï. L'incident, qui s'est produit juste après 15 h 00 le dimanche 21 mai 1944, a commencé à la suite d'une explosion dans une zone de rassemblement de navires de débarquement, de chars (LST) et d'autres navires d'assaut amphibies à West Loch. Un incendie s'est rapidement propagé parmi les navires en préparation pour l'opération Forager, l'invasion des îles Mariannes détenues par les Japonais. Au cours des 24 heures suivantes, six LST ont coulé, 163 membres du personnel naval sont morts et 396 ont été blessés.
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West Loch disaster
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dbo:abstract
The West Loch Disaster was a maritime accident during World War II at Pearl Harbor U.S. Naval Base in Hawaii. The incident, which occurred just after 3 p.m. on Sunday, May 21, 1944, began following an explosion in a staging area for Landing Ships, Tank (LSTs) and other amphibious assault ships in West Loch. A fire quickly spread among the ships being prepared for Operation Forager, the invasion of the Japanese-held Mariana Islands. Over the next 24 hours, six LSTs sank, 163 naval personnel died, and 396 were injured. A subsequent Naval Board of Inquiry never determined the exact cause of the disaster but concluded that the initial explosion was caused when a mortar round aboard LST-353 detonated during an unloading operation because it was either dropped or went off when gasoline vapors ignited. The incident – together with the Port Chicago disaster two months later – led to major changes in weapons-handling practices within the United States Navy. The LST wreckage was quickly cleared in a salvage operation and dumped at sea 3 mi (2.6 nmi; 4.8 km) south of Hawaii. Only the hull of the partially beached LST-480 was left in West Loch. A press blackout was enforced and naval personnel were ordered not to talk about the incident. The disaster was classified until 1960 and is therefore not well known. The disaster has been the focus of considerable speculation that during the salvage and removal of the wrecks from West Loch, the U.S. Navy might have found the remains of a Japanese midget submarine, possibly the fifth Japanese midget submarine used in the attack in December 1941. La catastrophe du West Loch est un accident maritime étant survenue pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale à la base navale américaine de Pearl Harbor à Hawaï. L'incident, qui s'est produit juste après 15 h 00 le dimanche 21 mai 1944, a commencé à la suite d'une explosion dans une zone de rassemblement de navires de débarquement, de chars (LST) et d'autres navires d'assaut amphibies à West Loch. Un incendie s'est rapidement propagé parmi les navires en préparation pour l'opération Forager, l'invasion des îles Mariannes détenues par les Japonais. Au cours des 24 heures suivantes, six LST ont coulé, 163 membres du personnel naval sont morts et 396 ont été blessés. Une commission d'enquête navale subséquente n'a jamais déterminé la cause exacte du désastre, mais a conclu que l'explosion initiale avait été causée par l'explosion d'un obus de mortier à bord du pendant une opération de déchargement à la suite d'une chute ou d'une inflammation de vapeurs d'essence. L'incident - ainsi que la catastrophe de Port Chicago deux mois plus tard - conduisit à des changements majeurs dans les pratiques de maniement des armes au sein de la marine américaine. L'épave du LST a été rapidement nettoyée lors d'une opération de sauvetage et immergée en mer à cinq kilomètres au sud d'Hawaï. Seule la coque du partiellement échoué est restée dans le West Loch. Tout point presse fut refusé et le personnel naval reçut l'ordre de ne pas parler de l'incident. La catastrophe fut classée jusqu'en 1960 et donc encore aujourd’hui méconnue. La catastrophe a fait l'objet de nombreuses spéculations selon lesquelles lors du sauvetage et du retrait des épaves du West Loch, la marine américaine aurait pu trouver les restes d'un sous-marin japonais de poche de la classe Kō-hyōteki, probablement considéré comme étant le cinquième sous-marin nain japonais ayant participé à l'attaque de décembre 1941.
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dbp:caption
--05-22
dbp:conflict
West Loch disaster
dbp:date
1944-05-21
dbp:imageSize
300
dbp:place
West Loch, Pearl Harbor U.S. Naval Base, Hawaii
dbp:result
163 396
dbo:date
1944-05-21
dbo:result
163 killed 396 injured
dbo:thumbnail
n14:USS_LST-480_3.jpg?width=300
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wikipedia-en:West_Loch_disaster