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Subject Item
dbr:Li_Daoyuan
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rdfs:label
역도원 Ли Даоюань 酈道元 Лі Даоюань Li Daoyuan Li Daoyuan 郦道元
rdfs:comment
郦道元(466年或472年-527年),字善长,范阳郡涿县(今河北省涿州市)人,北魏地理学家、散文家。曾任東荊州刺史,因得罪權貴,被免去官職。十年後,朝廷復起用為著河南尹。明帝孝昌元年,率軍去彭城討平元法僧叛亂,因功陞為御史中尉。因他彈劾過元悅,在雍州刺史萧寶夤想反叛北魏時,元悅乘機叫朝廷派酈道元去宣撫,酈道元入關時被萧寶夤殺害。著有《水经注》,是著名的文學與地理學大作。 Li Daoyuan (Hanzi sederhana: 郦道元; Hanzi tradisional: 酈道元; Pinyin: Lì Dàoyuán; 466 atau 472 di Zhuozhou, Hebei – 527) adalah seorang ahli geografi, penulis, dan politisi Tiongkok pada masa Wei Utara. Dia dikenal sebagai penulis "Shui Jing Zhu", sebuah karya monumental tentang geografi Tiongkok di zaman kuno. Li Daoyuan (simplified Chinese: 郦道元; traditional Chinese: 酈道元; pinyin: Lì Dàoyuán; 466 or 472 in Zhuo County, Hebei – 527) was a Chinese geographer, writer, and politician during the Northern Wei Dynasty. He is known as the author of the Commentary on the Water Classic (Shuijingzhu), a monumental work on China's geography in ancient times. Li Daoyuan used his position as an official with business in different places to carry field investigations. He is known to have visited the area belonging to the present-day Henan, Shandong, Shanxi, and Jiangsu provinces. 역도원(酈道元, 466년? ~ 527년)은 북위의 지리학자이자 작가이다. 자는 선장(善長)이며, 범양(范陽) 사람이다. 472년에 태어났다고도 한다. 대표작으로는 《수경주》가 있다. 도성으로 돌아와 어사중위에 발탁되어 법을 엄격하게 집행하고 아첨을 싫어해 권신들의 미움을 샀다. 구념이란 자가 여남왕의 총애를 믿고 관리선발을 제멋대로 한 것을 적발했는데 여남왕이 태후에게 요청해 구념의 사면령을 보내자 사면령이 관아에 도착하기 전에 구념을 처형하기도 했다고 한다. 옹주자사 소보인이 반역을 꾸미자, 권신들은 남의 손을 빌려 역도원을 제거하기 위해 그를 옹주의 관우대사로 추천했다. 소보인의 무리들에게 포위되었으나 끝까지 항복을 거부하다가 목숨을 잃었다고 한다. Лі Даоюань (*郦道元, 466 або 472 —527) — китайський географ часів династії Північна Вей. Ли Даоюа́нь (кит. трад. 郦道元, 466 или 472 — 527) — китайский географ времен империи Северная Вэй. 酈 道元(れき どうげん、生年不詳 - 527年)は、北魏の官僚・文人。字は善長。地理書の『水経注』の著者として知られる。本貫は范陽郡涿県。
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dbo:abstract
Li Daoyuan (Hanzi sederhana: 郦道元; Hanzi tradisional: 酈道元; Pinyin: Lì Dàoyuán; 466 atau 472 di Zhuozhou, Hebei – 527) adalah seorang ahli geografi, penulis, dan politisi Tiongkok pada masa Wei Utara. Dia dikenal sebagai penulis "Shui Jing Zhu", sebuah karya monumental tentang geografi Tiongkok di zaman kuno. Sebagai seorang pejabat, memungkinkan Li Daoyuan melakukan investigasi lapangan di berbagai tempat. Dia diketahui telah mengunjungi daerah-daerah seperti provinsi Henan, Shandong, Shanxi, dan Jiangsu. Li menjelajahi sungai dan mengunjungi tempat-tempat menarik di Tiongkok, sekaligus untuk memeriksa dan mencatat adat istiadat, sejarah, cerita serta legenda penduduk lokal. Tetapi karena terjadi perpecahan Dinasti Utara dan Selatan, beberapa wilayah tidak dapat dikunjunginya secara langsung, sehingga beberapa informasi merupakan kutipan dari karya-karya orang lain. Pengetahuannya diperoleh dari studi tentang buku-buku geografis kuno seperti: "Shan Hai Jing" sebuah kitab di masa awal Dinasti Han Barat dan "Shui Jing" (水經) (yang sekarang sudah hilang), ditulis oleh Sang Qin pada Zaman Tiga Negara yang kemudian diulas oleh penulis Guo Pu pada masa Dinasti Jin. Li memperluas isi kitab Shui Jing, dengan melakukan penelitian dan survei lapangan secara langsung. Kitab Shui Jing yang asli berisi informasi 127 sungai dan kanal di Tiongkok serta terdiri sekitar 10.000 aksara Han. Sedangkan isi kitab Shui Jing Zhu karya Li Daoyuan hampir 10 kali lipat daripada kitab Shui Jing yang asli. Kitab Shui Jing Zhu berisi data 1.252 sungai termasuk kanal dan aliran sungainya di Tiongkok, dilengkapi pula dengan catatan sejarah, geografi, dan budaya daerahnya masing-masing. Kitab Shui Jing Zhu terdiri dari 300.000 aksara Han, dan ahli geografi Jepang, profesor Geichiro Miura mengatakan bahwa Li Daoyuan adalah "ahli geografi terbesar di dunia pada Abad Pertengahan". Лі Даоюань (*郦道元, 466 або 472 —527) — китайський географ часів династії Північна Вей. 酈 道元(れき どうげん、生年不詳 - 527年)は、北魏の官僚・文人。字は善長。地理書の『水経注』の著者として知られる。本貫は范陽郡涿県。 Ли Даоюа́нь (кит. трад. 郦道元, 466 или 472 — 527) — китайский географ времен империи Северная Вэй. Li Daoyuan (simplified Chinese: 郦道元; traditional Chinese: 酈道元; pinyin: Lì Dàoyuán; 466 or 472 in Zhuo County, Hebei – 527) was a Chinese geographer, writer, and politician during the Northern Wei Dynasty. He is known as the author of the Commentary on the Water Classic (Shuijingzhu), a monumental work on China's geography in ancient times. Li Daoyuan used his position as an official with business in different places to carry field investigations. He is known to have visited the area belonging to the present-day Henan, Shandong, Shanxi, and Jiangsu provinces. Another source for his knowledge was the study of ancient geographical books he had access to, like the Classic of Mountains and Seas (Shanhaijing) completed by the time of the early Western Han Dynasty) and the Water Classic (Shuijing), written by Sang Qin during the Three Kingdoms Period and later commentated on by Jin dynasty writer Guo Pu. Li vastly expanded the Water Classic, doing his own research and fieldwork. The original Water Classic has not survived but covered 127 rivers and streams and contained about 10,000 characters; Li Daoyuan's Commentary on the Waterways Classic (Shui Jing Zhu), discusses 1252 watercourses and contains about 300,000 characters in total. The book maps and describes the rivers and streams along with the history, geography and culture of the surrounding region. 郦道元(466年或472年-527年),字善长,范阳郡涿县(今河北省涿州市)人,北魏地理学家、散文家。曾任東荊州刺史,因得罪權貴,被免去官職。十年後,朝廷復起用為著河南尹。明帝孝昌元年,率軍去彭城討平元法僧叛亂,因功陞為御史中尉。因他彈劾過元悅,在雍州刺史萧寶夤想反叛北魏時,元悅乘機叫朝廷派酈道元去宣撫,酈道元入關時被萧寶夤殺害。著有《水经注》,是著名的文學與地理學大作。 역도원(酈道元, 466년? ~ 527년)은 북위의 지리학자이자 작가이다. 자는 선장(善長)이며, 범양(范陽) 사람이다. 472년에 태어났다고도 한다. 대표작으로는 《수경주》가 있다. 도성으로 돌아와 어사중위에 발탁되어 법을 엄격하게 집행하고 아첨을 싫어해 권신들의 미움을 샀다. 구념이란 자가 여남왕의 총애를 믿고 관리선발을 제멋대로 한 것을 적발했는데 여남왕이 태후에게 요청해 구념의 사면령을 보내자 사면령이 관아에 도착하기 전에 구념을 처형하기도 했다고 한다. 옹주자사 소보인이 반역을 꾸미자, 권신들은 남의 손을 빌려 역도원을 제거하기 위해 그를 옹주의 관우대사로 추천했다. 소보인의 무리들에게 포위되었으나 끝까지 항복을 거부하다가 목숨을 잃었다고 한다.
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