Zakariyyā al-Ansārī was a leading Islamic scholar of the 15th century. He was born in or around 1420 CE, in , located in the Egyptian province of . During his adolescence, al- Ansārī moved to Cairo to study at al-Azhar University. He lived in such poverty there, that he would venture out into the night in search of water faucets and the rinds of watermelon. However, according to al-Ansārī's own account, after a few years at al-Azhar, a mill worker came to his aid. He provided the young al-Ansārī with money for his food, clothing and books. al-Ansārī told of a remarkable encounter with his benefactor told him,

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  • زكريا الأنصاري هو قاضٍ، محدث، فقيه، قارئ، ومفسر شافعي. ولد بقرية الحلمية (سُنَيْكَة قديماً) مركز أبو حماد بمحافظة الشرقية عام 823هـ/1420م. ولاه السلطان قايتباي الجركسي (826 - 901) قضاء القضاة، فلم يقبله إلا بعد مراجعة وإلحاح. ولما ولي رأى من السلطان عدولا عن الحق في بعض أعماله، فكتب إليه يزجره عن الظلم، فعزله السلطان، فعاد إلى اشتغاله بالعلم إلى أن توفي سنة 926 هـ. وترجم له ابن العماد الحنبلي في شذرات الذهب في وفيات سنة 925 هـ، وقال: "وفيها شيخ الإسلام قاضي القضاة زين الدين الحافظ زكريا بن محمد بن أحمد بن زكريا الأنصاري السُّنَيْكي ثم القاهري الأزهري الشافعي". (ar)
  • Zakaria bin Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Zakaria al-Anshari as-Sunaiki (bahasa Arab: زكريا بن محمد بن أحمد بن زكريا الأنصاري السُنَيْكي‎) (lahir 1420/823 H di Sunaikah, Mesir Timur, wafat 1520/926 H di Kairo, pada usia 100 tahun) adalah seorang Qadi, Ulama mazhab Syafi'i dalam bidang hadis, fikih dan tafsir. Ibunya mengirimnya ke Syaikh ar-Rabi' bin al-Mushthalam as-Sulami di Al-Azhar setelah ayahnya wafat, dan ia menuntut ilmu sejak usia muda. (in)
  • Zayn ad-dîn Abu Yahya Zakariya ibn Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Zakariya al-Ansari al-Khazradji al-Missri (l’Égyptien) ash-Shafi‘i (de rite shafi‘ite) al-Azharî (d'Al-Azhar ash-Sharif) est un savant islamique du XVe siècle. Il était de l'école de jurisprudence shafihite, de l'école de croyance acharite et était un soufi authentique. Sa lignée remonte aux Khazradj, une des deux tribus des Ansars. Il vit le jour à Sunayka en Égypte (Gouvernorat d'Ismaïlia) entre l’an 823 et 824 de l’hégire (~1420) selon son élève Najm al-Ghazi, mais l’imam as-Sakhawi & al-‘Aydarouss avance l’an 826 de l’hégire. Issu d’une famille modeste, il perdit son père lors de son enfance, c’est son grand père al-Madhkûr qui s’occupa de lui. Il eut plus de 150 maîtres (professeurs en sciences islamiques), principalement d’al-Azhar Ash-Sharif mais aussi du Shâm (Syrie, Palestine, Jordanie, etc.), de la Mecque et de Médine al-Munawwara. Il était de l'école d'Abou Hassan Al Ash'ari, il fut parmi l'élite des Ash'arites de son temps. Dans la jurisprudence shafi'ite, il suivit l'enseignement de plusieurs grands savants, tel que l’imam Sharaf Mussa ibn Ahmad as-Subkî, l’imam Siraj ud-Din al-Bulqinî, al-Hafidh Ibn Hajar al-‘Asqalani et d’autres. Après l'étude du droit shafi'ite, il étudia très jeune les Usul al-Fiqh (les fondements de la jurisprudence) qu'il assimila. Il enseigna à ses élèves cinquante-sept fois al-Buhja un des ouvrages clés du droit shafi’ite, ce qui fit que ceux étudiant al-Buhja ne se fiaient qu'aux commentaires du Shaykh Zakariyya al-Ansari, qui l'a enseigné dans les moindres détails. Il fut nommé Qâdi al-Qudat (Juge des juges) qui était le plus haut poste administratif. Les savants shafi’ites le considèrent comme ayant été le plus versé dans le droit shafi’ite en son temps. Il laissa plus d'une vingtaine d'ouvrage dans ce domaine dans le droit et les fondements, commenta les ouvrages mères de l’école de l’imam Shafi’i, de même fit plusieurs Hawashi « commentaire sur des commentaire d’ouvrage » ainsi que des concis. Il laissa à la postérité des grands juristes de l'école, parmi eux ash-Shaykh al-Islam al-Hafidh Ibn Hajar al-Haytami qui lui-même fut le plus versé dans le droit Shafi'ite après son maître. Pour l'anecdote, dans l'école Shafi'ite Shaykh al-Islam Zakarya al-Ansari porte aussi comme surnom : La perle entre les deux Hajars (al-Lu°Lu° bayna l-Hajarayne), en référence à son maître Ibn Hajar al-'Asqalâni l'Émir des Croyants dans le Hadith et son élève le Hafidh Ibn Hajar al-Haytami. Zakarya al-Ansari atteint le rang élevé de Hafidh, c'est-à-dire avoir mémorisé plus de cent mille hadith en incluant la chaîne de transmission qu'il en possédait, de ses maîtres jusqu’au Prophète. Il étudia cet science auprès de nombreux maître dont l’émir des croyants dans cet science Ibn Hajar al-‘Asqalani. À plusieurs reprises il étudia le livre d’al-Hafidh al-‘Iraqi « al-Alfiya » régissant les règles du hadith, il en laissa un commentaire ainsi que plusieurs opuscules dans cette science tel que le commentaire du Sahih al-Boukhari dont il se basa sur dix commentaires pour le réaliser ainsi que le Sahih de Muslim. Il avait le niveau requis afin d’authentifier les a-hadiths ou de les affaiblir vue sa connaissance des personnes composant les chaînes de transmission. A lui seul, il réunit toutes les chaînes de transmission d'ahlu Sunna wa al-Jama3a, ces chaînes de transmission fut parmi les plus élevées de son temps. (fr)
  • Zakariyyā al-Ansārī was a leading Islamic scholar of the 15th century. He was born in or around 1420 CE, in , located in the Egyptian province of . During his adolescence, al- Ansārī moved to Cairo to study at al-Azhar University. He lived in such poverty there, that he would venture out into the night in search of water faucets and the rinds of watermelon. However, according to al-Ansārī's own account, after a few years at al-Azhar, a mill worker came to his aid. He provided the young al-Ansārī with money for his food, clothing and books. al-Ansārī told of a remarkable encounter with his benefactor told him, Zakariyyā, you will live to see all of your peers die, and your prestige will rise, and for many years you will occupy the highest post of Islam, and your students will become the shaykhs of Islam during your lifetime – when you go blind. Eventually, this foretelling would prove to be accurate. While a student, al- Ansārī studied under al-Qāyāti, Ibn Hajar al-Asqalāni, and . Zakariyyā al-Ansārī held the office of Shāfi’ī qādī for a twenty-year period during the reign of Qā’it Bey. Over the course of his lifetime, al-Ansārī spent eighty years engaged as a teacher and muftī. One of al-Ansārī students was al-Sha’rānī, who was responsible for much of the information that survives in regards to the life of al-Ansārī. Of his teacher, al-Sha’rānī wrote that al-Ansārī was, "a pillar of the fiqh and the tasawwuf". Al-Ansārī held several teaching positions over the course of his life, which included professorships at the madrasa of the mausoleum of al-Shāfī and the madrasa Jāmaliyya. Fifty-two writings are listed under al-Ansārī's name in Brockelmann's Geschichte der Arabischen Litteratur. These writings include, but are not limited to, topics of logic, grammar, philosophy, scientific terminology, rhetoric, Qur’anic exegesis, Holy Tradition, the life of Muhammad, jurispridence (fiqh), dogma and mysticism. Some of al-Ansārī's most famous works include: Manhaj al-tullab (“The Way of the Students”), Fath al-Wahhab (“The help of the Bountiful”), Tuhfat al-tullāb (“The Gift offered to the Students”), Lubb al-usul (“The Kernel of the Science of the roots”), and his commentary on al-Qushairī's Risāla fī ‘l-tasawwuf. From an early age, Zakariyyā al-Ansārī was attracted to mysticism. So encompassing was his interest, that al-Ansārī claimed no one expected much of anything from him in the way of legal studies. Al-Ansārī studied, and was initiated as a Sufi under Muhammad al-Ghamrī. He wrote several treaties on Sufism, but al-Ansārī is especially well known for his commentary on al-Qushairī’s Risāla fī ‘l-tasawwuf. In this commentary he defines tasawwuf in a number of ways, complete earnestness in the progression towards the King of all kings;… it is the devotion to works of good and the avoidance of defects." In terms of al-Ansārī's Sufi legacy, his name is also remembered in connection to his student al-Sha’rānī. Al-Sha’rānī established Neo-Sufism, also known as the "middle course". Neo-Sufism combines tasawwuf and fiqh. Al-Ansārī died in 1520, in Cairo, at the age of 100. He was given the honorary title "Shaikh al-Islam" and is known for the legacy of his mystic and legal writings. Al-Ansārī gained fame especially in Indonesia and Malaya due to his frequent mention as a source for Malay writers. His commentaries on the Sahih of Bukhari, Abhari’s adaptation of Isagoge, al-Jazari’s tajwid and his Futuhat al-ilahiyya on mysticism are among Ansārī's most popular texts in Indonesia. (en)
  • Зайнуддин Абу Яхья Закария ибн Мухаммад аль-Ансари (араб. زكريا الأنصاري‎; 1420, — 1520, Фустат) — исламский богослов, шейхуль ислям, факих шафиитского мазхаба. (ru)
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  • Shaykh al-Islam (en)
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  • زكريا الأنصاري هو قاضٍ، محدث، فقيه، قارئ، ومفسر شافعي. ولد بقرية الحلمية (سُنَيْكَة قديماً) مركز أبو حماد بمحافظة الشرقية عام 823هـ/1420م. ولاه السلطان قايتباي الجركسي (826 - 901) قضاء القضاة، فلم يقبله إلا بعد مراجعة وإلحاح. ولما ولي رأى من السلطان عدولا عن الحق في بعض أعماله، فكتب إليه يزجره عن الظلم، فعزله السلطان، فعاد إلى اشتغاله بالعلم إلى أن توفي سنة 926 هـ. وترجم له ابن العماد الحنبلي في شذرات الذهب في وفيات سنة 925 هـ، وقال: "وفيها شيخ الإسلام قاضي القضاة زين الدين الحافظ زكريا بن محمد بن أحمد بن زكريا الأنصاري السُّنَيْكي ثم القاهري الأزهري الشافعي". (ar)
  • Zakaria bin Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Zakaria al-Anshari as-Sunaiki (bahasa Arab: زكريا بن محمد بن أحمد بن زكريا الأنصاري السُنَيْكي‎) (lahir 1420/823 H di Sunaikah, Mesir Timur, wafat 1520/926 H di Kairo, pada usia 100 tahun) adalah seorang Qadi, Ulama mazhab Syafi'i dalam bidang hadis, fikih dan tafsir. Ibunya mengirimnya ke Syaikh ar-Rabi' bin al-Mushthalam as-Sulami di Al-Azhar setelah ayahnya wafat, dan ia menuntut ilmu sejak usia muda. (in)
  • Зайнуддин Абу Яхья Закария ибн Мухаммад аль-Ансари (араб. زكريا الأنصاري‎; 1420, — 1520, Фустат) — исламский богослов, шейхуль ислям, факих шафиитского мазхаба. (ru)
  • Zayn ad-dîn Abu Yahya Zakariya ibn Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Zakariya al-Ansari al-Khazradji al-Missri (l’Égyptien) ash-Shafi‘i (de rite shafi‘ite) al-Azharî (d'Al-Azhar ash-Sharif) est un savant islamique du XVe siècle. Il était de l'école de jurisprudence shafihite, de l'école de croyance acharite et était un soufi authentique. Il eut plus de 150 maîtres (professeurs en sciences islamiques), principalement d’al-Azhar Ash-Sharif mais aussi du Shâm (Syrie, Palestine, Jordanie, etc.), de la Mecque et de Médine al-Munawwara. (fr)
  • Zakariyyā al-Ansārī was a leading Islamic scholar of the 15th century. He was born in or around 1420 CE, in , located in the Egyptian province of . During his adolescence, al- Ansārī moved to Cairo to study at al-Azhar University. He lived in such poverty there, that he would venture out into the night in search of water faucets and the rinds of watermelon. However, according to al-Ansārī's own account, after a few years at al-Azhar, a mill worker came to his aid. He provided the young al-Ansārī with money for his food, clothing and books. al-Ansārī told of a remarkable encounter with his benefactor told him, (en)
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  • زكريا الأنصاري (ar)
  • Zakariyya al-Ansari (fr)
  • Zakaria al-Anshari (in)
  • Zakariyya al-Ansari (en)
  • Закария аль-Ансари (ru)
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