The Weerbaarheidsafdeling (typically called WA) was the paramilitary arm of the National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands (Dutch: NSB), the fascist political party that collaborated with the German occupiers of the Netherlands during World War II. The organization, roughly equivalent to the German SA, was founded in 1932 by Anton Mussert, co-founder of the NSB in 1931 and its leader until the end of the war. Members wore and marched in black uniforms and were thus called "blackshirts". In 1933 the Dutch government banned the wearing of uniforms (by civilians), and the WA was disbanded in 1935 in order to forestall the Dutch government's banning it. In 1940, after the German invasion, the WA became openly active again, and more ruthless than before. They specialized in violent attacks,

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  • Die Weerbaarheidsafdeling (deutsch etwa: „Wehrabteilung“; kurz WA) war der paramilitärische Arm der Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging, einer zunächst faschistischen und später nationalsozialistischen Partei in den Niederlanden. Die WA bestand zunächst in den Jahren 1932 bis 1935 und wurde im Jahr 1940 neu aufgestellt. Ihre Funktion war in etwa vergleichbar mit der der deutschen SA. (de)
  • De Weerbaarheidsafdeling (WA) was de geüniformeerde ordedienst en knokploeg van de Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging (NSB). De WA bestond van 1932 tot eind 1935 en werd in 1940, na de Duitse inval in Nederland, opnieuw opgericht. De WA leek in veel opzichten op de Zwarthemden van de Italiaanse fascisten en de SA van de NSDAP. (nl)
  • The Weerbaarheidsafdeling (typically called WA) was the paramilitary arm of the National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands (Dutch: NSB), the fascist political party that collaborated with the German occupiers of the Netherlands during World War II. The organization, roughly equivalent to the German SA, was founded in 1932 by Anton Mussert, co-founder of the NSB in 1931 and its leader until the end of the war. Members wore and marched in black uniforms and were thus called "blackshirts". In 1933 the Dutch government banned the wearing of uniforms (by civilians), and the WA was disbanded in 1935 in order to forestall the Dutch government's banning it. In 1940, after the German invasion, the WA became openly active again, and more ruthless than before. They specialized in violent attacks, particularly on the Dutch Jewish population. (en)
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  • Die Weerbaarheidsafdeling (deutsch etwa: „Wehrabteilung“; kurz WA) war der paramilitärische Arm der Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging, einer zunächst faschistischen und später nationalsozialistischen Partei in den Niederlanden. Die WA bestand zunächst in den Jahren 1932 bis 1935 und wurde im Jahr 1940 neu aufgestellt. Ihre Funktion war in etwa vergleichbar mit der der deutschen SA. (de)
  • De Weerbaarheidsafdeling (WA) was de geüniformeerde ordedienst en knokploeg van de Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging (NSB). De WA bestond van 1932 tot eind 1935 en werd in 1940, na de Duitse inval in Nederland, opnieuw opgericht. De WA leek in veel opzichten op de Zwarthemden van de Italiaanse fascisten en de SA van de NSDAP. (nl)
  • The Weerbaarheidsafdeling (typically called WA) was the paramilitary arm of the National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands (Dutch: NSB), the fascist political party that collaborated with the German occupiers of the Netherlands during World War II. The organization, roughly equivalent to the German SA, was founded in 1932 by Anton Mussert, co-founder of the NSB in 1931 and its leader until the end of the war. Members wore and marched in black uniforms and were thus called "blackshirts". In 1933 the Dutch government banned the wearing of uniforms (by civilians), and the WA was disbanded in 1935 in order to forestall the Dutch government's banning it. In 1940, after the German invasion, the WA became openly active again, and more ruthless than before. They specialized in violent attacks, (en)
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  • Weerbaarheidsafdeling (de)
  • Weerbaarheidsafdeling (en)
  • Weerbaarheidsafdeling (nl)
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