About: Victor Kugler

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Victor Kugler (5 June 1900 – 14 December 1981) was one of the people who helped hide Anne Frank and her family and friends during the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands. In Anne Frank's posthumously published diary, The Diary of a Young Girl, he was referred to under the name Mr. Kraler. From July 1942 to August 1944, he aided his colleagues Miep Gies, Johannes Kleiman and Bep Voskuijl in the concealment of eight people, including Anne Frank, in a sealed-off annex in their office premises on Amsterdam's Prinsengracht. He was arrested by the Gestapo on 4 August 1944, by Karl Silberbauer.

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  • فيكتور كوغلر (بالهولندية: Victor Kugler)‏ هو مقاوم وعامل كهربائي هولندي وكندي، ولد في 5 يونيو 1900 في Vrchlabí في التشيك، وتوفي في 16 ديسمبر 1981 في تورونتو في كندا. (ar)
  • Victor Kugler (5. června 1900 Vrchlabí – 14. prosince 1981 Toronto) byl německý obchodník, který pomáhal rodině a přátelům Anny Frankové během nacistické okupace Nizozemska. V deníku Anny Frankové je označován jménem pan Kraler. (cs)
  • Victor Kugler (* 5. Juni oder 6. Juni 1900 in Hohenelbe, Österreich-Ungarn; † 16. Dezember 1981 in Toronto) war ein österreichischer Unternehmer. Er half den jüdischen Familien der Anne Frank und van Pels und Fritz Pfeffer, sich während der deutschen nationalsozialistischen Besatzung der Niederlande während des Zweiten Weltkriegs vor Verfolgungen zu verstecken. In Anne Franks postum veröffentlichtem Tagebuch wurde er „Herr Kraler“ genannt. Er erhielt 1973 den Ehrentitel Gerechter unter den Völkern. (de)
  • Victor Kugler, né le 6 juin 1900 à Hohenelbe et mort le 16 décembre 1981 à Toronto au Canada, fut l'un de ceux qui aidèrent Anne Frank et sa famille à se dissimuler lors de l'occupation allemande des Pays-Bas. Dans Le Journal d'Anne Frank, publié de manière posthume, il y est fait référence sous le vocable de Mr. Kraler. (fr)
  • Victor Kugler (Vrchlabí, 5 de junio de 1900 - Toronto, 16 de diciembre de 1981) fue uno de los ciudadanos neerlandeses que ayudaron a ocultar a Ana Frank y a su familia durante la ocupación nazi de los Países Bajos. En la versión original del Diario de Ana Frank, aparece bajo el seudónimo de Sr. Kraler. (es)
  • Victor Kugler (5 Juni 1900, – 16 Desember 1981, Toronto) adalah salah satu orang yang membantu menyembunyikan Anne Frank dan keluarganya dan teman-temannya pada saat Nazi menduduki Belanda. Dalam buku harian Anne Frank yang diterbitkan secara anumerta, The Diary of a Young Girl, ia disebut dengan nama Mr. Kraler. Lahir di Hohenelbe (sekarang ) di bagian pemakai bahasa Jepang dari wilayah Köninggrätz (/), timur laut Bohemia, Austria-Hungaria (sekarang di Republik Ceko), ia bergabung dengan Angkatan Laut Austria-Hungaria pada masa Perang Dunia Pertama Istrinya, Laura Kugler, meninggal pada 6 Desember 1952 dan tiga tahun kemudian ia menikah dengan Lucie (Loes) van Langen. Pasangan tersebut berpindah ke Kanada, di mana saudara, saudari dan ibu Lucie tinggal. (in)
  • Victor Kugler (Vrchlabí, 6 giugno 1900 – Toronto, 14 dicembre 1981) è stato un dirigente d'azienda tedesco.È stato una delle persone che protessero Anna Frank, famiglia e amici durante l'occupazione dei Paesi Bassi da parte della Germania nazista. Nell'edizione del 1947 del famoso Diario era indicato come "il signor Kraler". (it)
  • Victor Kugler (5 June 1900 – 14 December 1981) was one of the people who helped hide Anne Frank and her family and friends during the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands. In Anne Frank's posthumously published diary, The Diary of a Young Girl, he was referred to under the name Mr. Kraler. Kugler was born in Hohenelbe (now Vrchlabí) in the German-speaking part of Königgrätz region (Královéhradecký kraj/Hradec Králové Region), north-eastern Bohemia, Austria-Hungary, now in the Czech Republic, to Emile Kugler. He joined the Austro-Hungarian Navy during the First World War once his education was completed, but was discharged in 1918 after being wounded. He moved to Germany and worked as an electrician, then in 1920, Kugler moved to Utrecht, the Netherlands, to work for a company selling pectin. He joined the Amsterdam branch of Opekta as Otto Frank's deputy in 1924. He became a Dutch citizen in May 1938. In 1940, this allowed him to prevent the Nazi confiscation of Opekta and he accepted the directorship of the business, renamed Gies and Co, from Otto Frank. He and his wife, Laura Maria Buntenbach-Kugler (10 May 1895 – 6 December 1952), lived in Hilversum during the war, a distance of about 26 kilometres (16 mi) from Amsterdam. From July 1942 to August 1944, he aided his colleagues Miep Gies, Johannes Kleiman and Bep Voskuijl in the concealment of eight people, including Anne Frank, in a sealed-off annex in their office premises on Amsterdam's Prinsengracht. He was arrested by the Gestapo on 4 August 1944, by Karl Silberbauer. He was interrogated at the Gestapo Headquarters on the Euterpestraat, then transferred the same day to a prison for Jews and 'political prisoners' awaiting deportation on the Amstelveenseweg. On 7 September, he was moved to the prison on Weteringschans, in a cell with people sentenced to death. This was followed, four days later on September 11, by a transport to a concentration camp in Amersfoort where he was selected for transport to Germany. On 17 September, the Amersfoort train station was destroyed in a bombing (Arnhem Air Raid) and on 26 September, he and around 1100 other men were taken to Zwolle for forced labour, digging anti-tank trenches.Kugler was moved again on 30 December 1944, to Wageningen for forced labour digging under the German S.A. (Brownshirts or Storm Troopers) until 28 March 1945, when some 600 prisoners were marched from Wageningen through Renkum, Heelsum, Oosterbeek, Arnhem, and Westervoort, to Zevenaar with the intention of going on to Germany the following day. There was a bombing raid during the march and Kugler took advantage of the confusion to escape. He was hidden by a farmer for a few days, borrowed a bicycle and made his way back to Hilversum, where he lived, and which he reached in April 1945. He hid there in his own house until the liberation of the Netherlands on 5 May 1945. His wife, Laura Kugler, died on 6 December 1952 and three years later he married Lucie (Loes) van Langen. The couple moved to Canada, where the brother, sister and mother of Lucie already resided. On 16 September 1958, Kugler appeared as a guest challenger on the TV panel show To Tell The Truth. In 1973, he received the Yad Vashem Medal of the Righteous among the Nations and in 1977 the Canadian Anti-Defamation League awarded him a 10,000 dollar prize in recognition of his assistance in the hiding of the Frank and Van Pels families. (en)
  • ヴィクトール・クーフレル(Victor Kugler、1900年6月5日 - 1981年12月16日)は、『アンネの日記』の著者アンネ・フランクらの隠れ家での生活を支援していたオーストリア系オランダ人男性。完全版以前の『アンネの日記』上では「フィクトル・クラーレル」という偽名で表記されていた。 (ja)
  • Victor Kugler (Hohenelbe (thans Vrchlabí), 5 of 6 juni 1900 - Toronto, 14 december 1981), in het dagboek van Anne Frank Harry Kraler genoemd, was een uit het Duitssprekende deel van Tsjechië (destijds onder Oostenrijk-Hongarije vallend) afkomstige elektricien en handelaar. Hij is voornamelijk bekend geworden als beschermer van de familie Frank toen zij tijdens de Tweede Wereldoorlog ondergedoken zaten. (nl)
  • Victor Kugler (Hohenelbe, 5 de junho de 1900 — Toronto, 14 de dezembro de 1981) foi um empresário austro-hungaro, conhecido como Mr. Kraler após a divulgação póstuma do Diário de Anne Frank (1947). No final da década de 1930, Kugler foi contratado por Otto Frank para atuar na área administrativa de sua empresa, Opekta Works. Durante a ocupação alemã nos Países Baixos na Segunda Guerra Mundial, foi um dos funcionários responsáveis por esconder Frank, sua família e outros amigos de origem judaica em cômodos ocultos da companhia. Após o esconderijo ter sido descoberto pela Gestapo, Kugler foi enviado para campos de concentração e passou a ser considerado inimigo da Alemanha Nazista. Com o término da guerra, imigrou para o Canadá, onde adquiriu a cidadania e viveu até a morte. Em 1973, foi condecorado como Justos Entre as Nações pelo Yad Vashem. (pt)
dbo:alias
  • Mr Kraler (en)
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  • 1900-06-06 (xsd:date)
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  • 1900-01-01 (xsd:gYear)
dbo:deathDate
  • 1981-12-14 (xsd:date)
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dbo:deathYear
  • 1981-01-01 (xsd:gYear)
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dbp:birthDate
  • 1900-06-06 (xsd:date)
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  • Hohenelbe, Kablikstrasse 119, Austria-Hungary (en)
dbp:caption
  • Victor Kugler with the statue of Anne Frank in 1975 (en)
dbp:deathDate
  • 1981-12-14 (xsd:date)
dbp:deathPlace
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  • Victor Kugler (en)
dbp:nationality
  • Austrian, at birth; then, Dutch; later, Canadian (en)
dbp:occupation
  • Worker at Opekta (en)
dbp:otherNames
  • Mr Kraler (en)
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  • Laura Buntenbach (en)
  • Lucie van Langen (en)
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  • فيكتور كوغلر (بالهولندية: Victor Kugler)‏ هو مقاوم وعامل كهربائي هولندي وكندي، ولد في 5 يونيو 1900 في Vrchlabí في التشيك، وتوفي في 16 ديسمبر 1981 في تورونتو في كندا. (ar)
  • Victor Kugler (5. června 1900 Vrchlabí – 14. prosince 1981 Toronto) byl německý obchodník, který pomáhal rodině a přátelům Anny Frankové během nacistické okupace Nizozemska. V deníku Anny Frankové je označován jménem pan Kraler. (cs)
  • Victor Kugler (* 5. Juni oder 6. Juni 1900 in Hohenelbe, Österreich-Ungarn; † 16. Dezember 1981 in Toronto) war ein österreichischer Unternehmer. Er half den jüdischen Familien der Anne Frank und van Pels und Fritz Pfeffer, sich während der deutschen nationalsozialistischen Besatzung der Niederlande während des Zweiten Weltkriegs vor Verfolgungen zu verstecken. In Anne Franks postum veröffentlichtem Tagebuch wurde er „Herr Kraler“ genannt. Er erhielt 1973 den Ehrentitel Gerechter unter den Völkern. (de)
  • Victor Kugler, né le 6 juin 1900 à Hohenelbe et mort le 16 décembre 1981 à Toronto au Canada, fut l'un de ceux qui aidèrent Anne Frank et sa famille à se dissimuler lors de l'occupation allemande des Pays-Bas. Dans Le Journal d'Anne Frank, publié de manière posthume, il y est fait référence sous le vocable de Mr. Kraler. (fr)
  • Victor Kugler (Vrchlabí, 5 de junio de 1900 - Toronto, 16 de diciembre de 1981) fue uno de los ciudadanos neerlandeses que ayudaron a ocultar a Ana Frank y a su familia durante la ocupación nazi de los Países Bajos. En la versión original del Diario de Ana Frank, aparece bajo el seudónimo de Sr. Kraler. (es)
  • Victor Kugler (Vrchlabí, 6 giugno 1900 – Toronto, 14 dicembre 1981) è stato un dirigente d'azienda tedesco.È stato una delle persone che protessero Anna Frank, famiglia e amici durante l'occupazione dei Paesi Bassi da parte della Germania nazista. Nell'edizione del 1947 del famoso Diario era indicato come "il signor Kraler". (it)
  • ヴィクトール・クーフレル(Victor Kugler、1900年6月5日 - 1981年12月16日)は、『アンネの日記』の著者アンネ・フランクらの隠れ家での生活を支援していたオーストリア系オランダ人男性。完全版以前の『アンネの日記』上では「フィクトル・クラーレル」という偽名で表記されていた。 (ja)
  • Victor Kugler (Hohenelbe (thans Vrchlabí), 5 of 6 juni 1900 - Toronto, 14 december 1981), in het dagboek van Anne Frank Harry Kraler genoemd, was een uit het Duitssprekende deel van Tsjechië (destijds onder Oostenrijk-Hongarije vallend) afkomstige elektricien en handelaar. Hij is voornamelijk bekend geworden als beschermer van de familie Frank toen zij tijdens de Tweede Wereldoorlog ondergedoken zaten. (nl)
  • Victor Kugler (5 June 1900 – 14 December 1981) was one of the people who helped hide Anne Frank and her family and friends during the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands. In Anne Frank's posthumously published diary, The Diary of a Young Girl, he was referred to under the name Mr. Kraler. From July 1942 to August 1944, he aided his colleagues Miep Gies, Johannes Kleiman and Bep Voskuijl in the concealment of eight people, including Anne Frank, in a sealed-off annex in their office premises on Amsterdam's Prinsengracht. He was arrested by the Gestapo on 4 August 1944, by Karl Silberbauer. (en)
  • Victor Kugler (5 Juni 1900, – 16 Desember 1981, Toronto) adalah salah satu orang yang membantu menyembunyikan Anne Frank dan keluarganya dan teman-temannya pada saat Nazi menduduki Belanda. Dalam buku harian Anne Frank yang diterbitkan secara anumerta, The Diary of a Young Girl, ia disebut dengan nama Mr. Kraler. Lahir di Hohenelbe (sekarang ) di bagian pemakai bahasa Jepang dari wilayah Köninggrätz (/), timur laut Bohemia, Austria-Hungaria (sekarang di Republik Ceko), ia bergabung dengan Angkatan Laut Austria-Hungaria pada masa Perang Dunia Pertama (in)
  • Victor Kugler (Hohenelbe, 5 de junho de 1900 — Toronto, 14 de dezembro de 1981) foi um empresário austro-hungaro, conhecido como Mr. Kraler após a divulgação póstuma do Diário de Anne Frank (1947). No final da década de 1930, Kugler foi contratado por Otto Frank para atuar na área administrativa de sua empresa, Opekta Works. Durante a ocupação alemã nos Países Baixos na Segunda Guerra Mundial, foi um dos funcionários responsáveis por esconder Frank, sua família e outros amigos de origem judaica em cômodos ocultos da companhia. Após o esconderijo ter sido descoberto pela Gestapo, Kugler foi enviado para campos de concentração e passou a ser considerado inimigo da Alemanha Nazista. Com o término da guerra, imigrou para o Canadá, onde adquiriu a cidadania e viveu até a morte. Em 1973, foi con (pt)
rdfs:label
  • Victor Kugler (en)
  • فيكتور كوغلر (ar)
  • Victor Kugler (cs)
  • Victor Kugler (de)
  • Victor Kugler (es)
  • Victor Kugler (in)
  • Victor Kugler (fr)
  • Victor Kugler (it)
  • ヴィクトール・クーフレル (ja)
  • Victor Kugler (nl)
  • Victor Kugler (pt)
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  • Victor Kugler (en)
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