About: Uralmash gang

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The Uralmash gang (Russian: Уралмашевская группировка) was a Russian mafia crime syndicate based in the city of Yekaterinburg. Founded in the late 1980s by a group of former sportsmen led by the Tsyganov brothers, the group consolidated control over several businesses in the city during the transition to a free market economy, including the famous Uralmash factory (from which the group got its name). The profits earned from racketeering went on to be reinvested in a number of legitimate businesses, expanding the group's reach.

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  • Uralmaix és la denominació que ha tingut un grup del crim organitzat amb origen a la ciutat russa d'Iekaterinburg, sorgit a partir del control de l'empresa homònima, i que ha estat considerat una de les faccions destacades de les màfies russes sorgides amb la descomposició de l'URSS. L'origen d'Uralmaix fou una banda de criminals sorgida els anys 80, organitzada al voltant dels germans Tsiganov i altres esportistes que entrenaven en gimnasos de l'aleshores Sverdlovsk (nom soviètic d'Iekaterinburg). El que era un grup d'extorsionadors de comerços de la ciutat, començà a controlar diversos negocis de major rellevància a partir de la transició econòmica i social que durant els anys 90 suposà la fi del règim comunista. Així, es beneficiaren de les possibilitats que trobaren al voltant de la Uralski Mahinostroitelni Zavod, una gegantina planta de fabricació de maquinària coneguda com a Uralmaix. La barreja de negocis legals i i·legals van fer créixer el poder de l'organització, que s'estima que va arribar a controlar 200 empreses i 12 bancs, amb inversions en el sector del coure (Holding Evropa), el petroli (Uralnefteproduct), o les telecomunicacions (Uralwestcom, Continental-Link), entre d'altres. Aquesta gran expansió d'Uralmaix originà, entre 1991 i 1993, una cruenta guerra contra dos altres grups criminals tradicionals que es van veure amenaçats (els sinie i Tsentrálnaia). Una major organització i el suborn de les autoritats van fer que Uralmaix s'imposés clarament, tot i que Grigory Tsiganov fou assassinat. Testimoni d'aquella violència són les diverses tombes dels cementiris d'Iekaterinburg, esculpides amb estètica ostentosa i gàngster, com les dels caps del clan Tsentrálnaia, i . Uralmaix va pactar les condicions d'una nova pau entre bandes, i es concentrà en la seva expansió econòmica, mentre les activitats benèfiques i esportives li servien per a ser considerada una màfia toba. Fins i tot van legalitzar-se com a partit polític, amb les sigles OSP. L'any 1995 l'organització va donar suport a la campanya per reelegir com a governador de la Província de Sverdlovsk. Després de la fugida de a Bulgària, el lideratge del grup va passar a mans d', que va ser detingut el 2004 i va aparèixer mort a la presó un any més tard. D'ençà de la mort de Khabarov, l'activitat pública del grup va anar disminuint. L'any 2015, Dubai va extradir a Rússia un dels membres d'Uralmaix que va fugir després de la mort de Khabarov, Alekandr Kukoviakin. (ca)
  • The Uralmash gang (Russian: Уралмашевская группировка) was a Russian mafia crime syndicate based in the city of Yekaterinburg. Founded in the late 1980s by a group of former sportsmen led by the Tsyganov brothers, the group consolidated control over several businesses in the city during the transition to a free market economy, including the famous Uralmash factory (from which the group got its name). The profits earned from racketeering went on to be reinvested in a number of legitimate businesses, expanding the group's reach. During the 1990s, the Uralmash group was involved in a number of gang wars. One was an internal conflict, between the more traditional criminals who obeyed the Thieves Code and the sportsmen, who dominated the organization and eventually came out on top. Another was a violent clash with the Central gang, their main rivals in the city. The number of fatalities was so great that the two gangs had their own cemeteries. Gravestones were often extremely elaborately designed and bore images of the buried, dressed in classical 1990s gangster fashion (tracksuit, leather jacket, etc.). Sometimes gangster's nicknames and/or their particular skills would also be etched on the gravestone (for example, expert in judo). During the 1990s, the Uralmash was also involved in a vigilante group, City Without Drugs, which targeted both drug dealers and users in an attempt to rid the city of the heroin trade. Dealers were beaten and brutalised, often publicly to send a message to others, while addicts were chained to radiators and forced to go cold turkey. This action may have been a part of a public relations campaign to legitimise the group. The Uralmash also organised fashion shows to raise money for the city's children. By the end of the decade, Uralmash's leaders legitimised their business more and more, and eventually became a registered political party, the Social-Political Union Uralmash (abbreviated OPS, an intentional play on the Russian law enforcement term OPS, or Organised Crime Society). However, as late as the 2000s, members of the Uralmash were still engaged in criminal activity and racketeering, and most businesses in Yekaterinburg had to pay them protection money. In 2015, Ex-the Deputy of the Ekaterinburg State Duma and internationally wanted crime boss of "OPS Uralmash" Alexander Kukovyakin, also known as "Kuka" was detained by Interpol in Dubai along with his elder son Konstantin. Kukovyakin was later extradited back to Yekaterinburg and sentenced to 5 years of prison. Yevgeny Roizman was accused of links with the organisation during his 2013 mayoral campaign. (en)
  • Уралмашевская преступная группировка (также известна как ОПС «Уралмаш», в оригинале: Общественно-политический союз «Уралмаш») — организованное преступное сообщество, возникшее в 1989 году в городе Свердловске (ныне — Екатеринбург). (ru)
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  • Уралмашевская преступная группировка (также известна как ОПС «Уралмаш», в оригинале: Общественно-политический союз «Уралмаш») — организованное преступное сообщество, возникшее в 1989 году в городе Свердловске (ныне — Екатеринбург). (ru)
  • Uralmaix és la denominació que ha tingut un grup del crim organitzat amb origen a la ciutat russa d'Iekaterinburg, sorgit a partir del control de l'empresa homònima, i que ha estat considerat una de les faccions destacades de les màfies russes sorgides amb la descomposició de l'URSS. (ca)
  • The Uralmash gang (Russian: Уралмашевская группировка) was a Russian mafia crime syndicate based in the city of Yekaterinburg. Founded in the late 1980s by a group of former sportsmen led by the Tsyganov brothers, the group consolidated control over several businesses in the city during the transition to a free market economy, including the famous Uralmash factory (from which the group got its name). The profits earned from racketeering went on to be reinvested in a number of legitimate businesses, expanding the group's reach. (en)
rdfs:label
  • Uralmaix (clan) (ca)
  • Uralmash gang (en)
  • Уралмашевская организованная преступная группировка (ru)
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