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The United Kingdom Internal Market Act 2020 is an act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom passed in December 2020. It is concerned with trade within the UK, as the UK is no longer subject to EU regulations. The act seeks to prevent internal trade barriers among the four constituent countries of the United Kingdom, and to restrict the way that certain legislative powers of the devolved administrations can operate in practice.

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dbo:abstract
  • The United Kingdom Internal Market Act 2020 is an act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom passed in December 2020. It is concerned with trade within the UK, as the UK is no longer subject to EU regulations. The act seeks to prevent internal trade barriers among the four constituent countries of the United Kingdom, and to restrict the way that certain legislative powers of the devolved administrations can operate in practice. The UK Government has stated that the legislation's intended purpose is to guarantee the continued seamless functioning of the UK's internal market, and to enshrine in law principles to ensure regulations from one part of the UK are recognised across the country. The Scottish Government has stated that the legislation is additionally intended to authorise financial assistance by UK government ministers on devolved matters, and reserve devolved powers relating to subsidy control. They said that the intent of the bill was a "power grab", and in a report published in March 2021 said that the act is "radically undermining the powers and democratic accountability of the Scottish Parliament." While it was before parliament, the Conservative MP and Minister for the Cabinet Office, Michael Gove, described the bill as a measure to preserve the territorial integrity of the United Kingdom. The devolved administrations criticised the bill for its re-centralisation of control over commerce, reversing the devolution of power in the United Kingdom. The bill was rejected a number of times by the House of Lords. Eventually, the UK government made changes to make it more flexible, and also withdrew some provisions in (relating to the Northern Ireland Protocol to the Brexit withdrawal agreement) that attracted controversy regarding their impact on the rule of law. The act was given Royal Assent on 17 December 2020, some two weeks before the United Kingdom formally left the European Single Market. The Welsh Government sought a judicial review of the legislation. In a hearing in April 2021, two High Court judges refused permission for a full hearing, ruling that the claim was premature in the absence of specific circumstances giving rise to the arguments raised by the Welsh Government. (en)
  • 《2020年聯合王國內部市場法》(英語:United Kingdom Internal Market Act 2020),是一條英國國會法令,旨為脫歐協議過渡期後在構成國間設立貿易框架,以及在運作上限制某些已被權力下放至構成國政府的權限。 约翰逊政府多次稱之為「安全網」(safety net),以確保在與歐盟的貿易談判失敗下,仍能保護全國內部市場的完整性。然而,構成國政府批評此法案會令西敏政府重新中央集權,令權力下放變成「權力上繳」。另外,儘管英国宪法的核心原則是議會主權,國內法律可凌駕國際法,但法案中的個別條文亦因違反作為条约的《英國脫歐協議》,被視為不尊重國際法精神,而惹起有關法治的爭議。法律界持有不少反對聲音,當中包括前任最高法院院長廖柏嘉勳爵,說如果對政府運作的司法覆核權利被剝奪,那等同處於一個「獨裁政權」、「暴政」。 由于法案多次被上议院否决,英国政府对法案进行了修改,使其更加灵活,同时也删去了第五部分涉及北爱尔兰的争议条款。法令最终于2020年12月17日获得御准。 (zh)
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  • 2020 (xsd:integer)
dbp:commencement
  • --12-31
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dbp:longTitle
  • An Act to make provision in connection with the internal market for goods and services in the United Kingdom ; to make provision in connection with provisions of the Northern Ireland Protocol relating to trade and state aid; to authorise the provision of financial assistance by Ministers of the Crown in connection with economic development, infrastructure, culture, sport and educational or training activities and exchanges; to make regulation of the provision of distortive or harmful subsidies a reserved or excepted matter; and for connected purposes. (en)
dbp:originalText
dbp:parliament
  • Parliament of the United Kingdom (en)
dbp:royalAssent
  • 2020-12-17 (xsd:date)
dbp:shortTitle
  • (en)
  • United Kingdom Internal Market Act 2020 (en)
dbp:status
  • Current (en)
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  • England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland (en)
dbp:type
  • Act (en)
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  • 2020 (xsd:integer)
dct:subject
rdfs:comment
  • 《2020年聯合王國內部市場法》(英語:United Kingdom Internal Market Act 2020),是一條英國國會法令,旨為脫歐協議過渡期後在構成國間設立貿易框架,以及在運作上限制某些已被權力下放至構成國政府的權限。 约翰逊政府多次稱之為「安全網」(safety net),以確保在與歐盟的貿易談判失敗下,仍能保護全國內部市場的完整性。然而,構成國政府批評此法案會令西敏政府重新中央集權,令權力下放變成「權力上繳」。另外,儘管英国宪法的核心原則是議會主權,國內法律可凌駕國際法,但法案中的個別條文亦因違反作為条约的《英國脫歐協議》,被視為不尊重國際法精神,而惹起有關法治的爭議。法律界持有不少反對聲音,當中包括前任最高法院院長廖柏嘉勳爵,說如果對政府運作的司法覆核權利被剝奪,那等同處於一個「獨裁政權」、「暴政」。 由于法案多次被上议院否决,英国政府对法案进行了修改,使其更加灵活,同时也删去了第五部分涉及北爱尔兰的争议条款。法令最终于2020年12月17日获得御准。 (zh)
  • The United Kingdom Internal Market Act 2020 is an act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom passed in December 2020. It is concerned with trade within the UK, as the UK is no longer subject to EU regulations. The act seeks to prevent internal trade barriers among the four constituent countries of the United Kingdom, and to restrict the way that certain legislative powers of the devolved administrations can operate in practice. (en)
rdfs:label
  • United Kingdom Internal Market Act 2020 (en)
  • 內部市場法令 (zh)
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