The Union of Unions (Russian: Союз союзов, Soyuz soyuzov) was a wide alliance of various professional unions formed in 1905, active during the revolutionary last years of the Russian Empire. One of those active in the formation of the Union of Unions was Pavel Milyukov, who later became the Foreign Minister in 1917. The Union of Unions served partly as the origin of the Petersburg Soviet, as they first came up with the idea of a workers council established to orchestrate general strikes.

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  • De Bond van Bonden (Russisch: Союз союзов, Soyuz soyuzov) was een verbond van verschillende vakbonden in het Russische Keizerrijk. De organisatie was opgericht in 1905 en was actief gedurende de laatste jaren van het Tsaristisch bewind. De Bond van Bonden speelde een grote rol gedurende de Revolutie van 1905. (nl)
  • The Union of Unions (Russian: Союз союзов, Soyuz soyuzov) was a wide alliance of various professional unions formed in 1905, active during the revolutionary last years of the Russian Empire. One of those active in the formation of the Union of Unions was Pavel Milyukov, who later became the Foreign Minister in 1917. It was formed in the wake of Bloody Sunday, as the professional associations organized themselves at national level, to rally their members behind the liberal cause. The were one of the first of these unions to be formed. They were soon joined by the , despite some opposition from male leaders of the Union of Unions.Semi-professional associations, like the , , and the , became organized as affiliated associations. Their participation gave the intelligentsia a direct link with the masses, whom they had been distanced from. After the founding of the Bulygin Duma in 1905, the radicals in the Union of Unions, alongside the Social Democrats, became more determined than ever to use "mass civil disobedience" as a weapon to pressurize the government to make further reforms and concessions, even though liberals chose not to boycott the elections to the Duma. During the , after the most educated and wealthy of the working class – the printers – had gone on strike, the railway workers, and the Union of Railway Employees and Workers, followed suit. The union was affiliated with the Union of Unions, which themselves at the time had been discussing the possibility of a political general strike to aid their campaign for further reform for several months. The political demands of the demonstrators was "remarkably uniform", which was a sign of the co-ordinating role that the Union of Unions played. The Union of Unions served partly as the origin of the Petersburg Soviet, as they first came up with the idea of a workers council established to orchestrate general strikes. (en)
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  • De Bond van Bonden (Russisch: Союз союзов, Soyuz soyuzov) was een verbond van verschillende vakbonden in het Russische Keizerrijk. De organisatie was opgericht in 1905 en was actief gedurende de laatste jaren van het Tsaristisch bewind. De Bond van Bonden speelde een grote rol gedurende de Revolutie van 1905. (nl)
  • The Union of Unions (Russian: Союз союзов, Soyuz soyuzov) was a wide alliance of various professional unions formed in 1905, active during the revolutionary last years of the Russian Empire. One of those active in the formation of the Union of Unions was Pavel Milyukov, who later became the Foreign Minister in 1917. The Union of Unions served partly as the origin of the Petersburg Soviet, as they first came up with the idea of a workers council established to orchestrate general strikes. (en)
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  • Union of Unions (en)
  • Bond van Bonden (nl)
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